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Become An Information Scientist

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Working As An Information Scientist

  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Processing Information
  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • $82,240

    Average Salary

What Does An Information Scientist Do

Chemists and materials scientists study substances at the atomic and molecular levels and the ways in which the substances interact with one another. They use their knowledge to develop new and improved products and to test the quality of manufactured goods.

Duties

Chemists and materials scientists typically do the following:

  • Plan and carry out complex research projects, such as the development of new products and testing methods
  • Direct technicians and other workers in testing and analyzing components and the physical properties of materials
  • Instruct scientists and technicians on proper chemical processing and testing procedures, including ingredients, mixing times, and operating temperatures
  • Prepare solutions, compounds, and reagents used in laboratory procedures
  • Analyze substances to determine their composition and concentration of elements 
  • Conduct tests on materials and other substances to ensure that safety and quality standards are met
  • Write technical reports that detail methods and findings
  • Present research findings to scientists, engineers, and other colleagues

Some chemists and materials scientists work in basic research. Others work in applied research. In basic research, chemists investigate the properties, composition, and structure of matter. They also experiment with combinations of elements and the ways in which they interact. In applied research, chemists investigate possible new products and ways to improve existing ones. Chemistry research has led to the discovery and development of new and improved drugs, plastics, and cleaners, as well as thousands of other products.

Materials scientists study the structures and chemical properties of various materials in order to develop new products or enhance existing ones. They determine ways to strengthen or combine materials, or develop new materials, for use in a variety of products. Applications of materials science include inventing or improving ceramics, metallic alloys, and superconducting materials.

Chemists and materials scientists use computers and a wide variety of sophisticated laboratory instrumentation for modeling, simulation, and experimental analysis. For example, some chemists use three-dimensional computer modeling software to study the structure and properties of complex molecules. 

Most chemists and materials scientists work as part of a team. The number of scientific research projects that involve multiple disciplines is increasing, and it is common for chemists and materials scientists to work on teams with other scientists, such as biologists, physicists, computer specialists, and engineers. For example, in pharmaceutical research, chemists may work with biologists to develop new drugs and with engineers to design ways to mass-produce the new drugs. For more information, see the profiles on biochemists and biophysicists, microbiologists, zoologists and wildlife biologists, physicists and astronomers, computer and information technology occupations, and engineering occupations.

Chemists often specialize in a particular branch of the field. The following are examples of types of chemists:

Analytical chemists determine the structure, composition, and nature of substances by examining and identifying their various elements or compounds. They also study the relationships and interactions among the parts of compounds. Some analytical chemists specialize in developing new methods of analysis and new techniques for carrying out their work. Their research has a wide range of applications, including food safety, pharmaceuticals, and pollution control.

Inorganic chemists study the structure, properties, and reactions of molecules that do not contain carbon, such as metals. They work to understand the behavior and the characteristics of inorganic substances. Inorganic chemists figure out how these materials, such as ceramics and superconductors, can be modified, separated, or used in products.  

Medicinal chemists research and develop chemical compounds that can be used as pharmaceutical drugs. They work on teams with other scientists and engineers to create and test new drug products. They also help develop new and improved manufacturing processes to produce new drugs on a large scale effectively.

Organic chemists study the structure, properties, and reactions of molecules that contain carbon. They also design and make new organic substances that have unique properties and applications. These compounds in turn, have been used to develop many commercial products, such as pharmaceutical drugs and plastics.

Physical chemists study the fundamental characteristics of how matter behaves on a molecular and atomic level and how chemical reactions occur. On the basis of their analyses, physical chemists may develop new theories, such as how complex structures are formed. Physical chemists often work closely with materials scientists, to research and develop potential uses for new materials.

Theoretical chemists investigate theoretical methods that can predict the outcomes of chemical experiments. Theoretical chemistry encompasses a variety of specializations itself, although most specializations incorporate advanced computation and programming. Some examples of theoretical chemists are computational chemists, mathematical chemists, and chemical informaticians.

Materials scientists tend to specialize by the material they work with most often. A few examples of materials in which these scientists specialize are ceramics, glasses, metals, nanomaterials (extremely small substances), polymers, and semiconductors.

A growing numbers of chemists work in interdisciplinary fields, such as biochemistry and geochemistry. For more information, see the profiles on biochemists and biophysicists and geoscientists.

Many people with a chemistry background become professors or teachers. For more information, see the profiles on high school teachers and postsecondary teachers.

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How To Become An Information Scientist

Chemists and materials scientists need at least a bachelor’s degree in chemistry or a related field. However, a master’s degree or Ph.D. is required for many research jobs.

Education

A bachelor’s degree in chemistry or in a related field is needed for entry-level chemist or materials scientist jobs. Although some materials scientists hold a degree in materials science, most have a degree in chemistry, physics, or engineering. Many jobs require a master’s degree or a Ph.D. and also may require significant levels of work experience. Chemists and materials scientists with a Ph.D. and postdoctoral experience typically lead basic- or applied-research teams.

Many colleges and universities offer degree programs in chemistry that are approved by the American Chemical Society. There are few programs specifically in materials science, but the number of programs is gradually increasing. Some colleges offer materials science as a specialization within their chemistry programs, and some engineering schools offer degrees in the joint field of materials science and engineering. High school students can prepare for college coursework by taking chemistry, math, and computer science classes.

Undergraduate chemistry majors typically are required to take courses in analytical, organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry. In addition to chemistry coursework, they take classes in mathematics, biological sciences, and physics. Computer science courses are essential, because chemists and materials scientists need computer skills to perform modeling and simulation tasks, manage and manipulate databases, and operate computerized laboratory equipment.

Laboratory experience, either at a college or university, or through internships, fellowships, or work–study programs in industry, is also useful.

Graduate students studying chemistry commonly specialize in a subfield, such as analytical chemistry or inorganic chemistry. For example, those interested in doing research in the pharmaceutical industry usually develop a strong background in medicinal or organic chemistry.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Chemists and materials scientists carry out scientific experiments and studies. They must be precise and accurate in their analyses, because errors could invalidate their research.

Communication skills. Chemists and materials scientists need to communicate with team members and other scientists. They must be able to read and write technical reports and give presentations.

Critical-thinking skills. Chemists and materials scientists carefully evaluate their own work and the work of others. They must determine if results and conclusions are based on sound science.

Interpersonal skills. Chemists and materials scientists typically work on interdisciplinary research teams and need to work well with others toward a common goal. Many serve as team leaders and must be able to motivate and direct other team members.

Math skills. Chemists and materials scientists regularly use complex mathematical equations and formulas, and they need a broad understanding of mathematics, including calculus, algebra, and statistics.

Organizational skills. Chemists and materials scientists need to document processes carefully in order to conform to regulations and industry procedures. Disorganization in the workplace can lead to legal problems, damage to equipment, and chemical spills.

Perseverance. Scientific research involves substantial trial and error, and chemists and materials scientists must not become discouraged in their work.

Problem-solving skills. Chemists and materials scientists research and develop new and improved chemical products, processes, and materials. This work requires a great deal of trial and error on the part of chemists and materials scientists before a unique solution is found.

Time-management skills. Chemists and materials scientists usually need to meet deadlines when conducting research. They must be able to manage time and prioritize tasks efficiently while maintaining their quality of work.

Advancement

Chemists typically receive greater responsibility and independence in their work as they gain experience. Greater responsibility also is gained through further education. Ph.D. chemists usually lead research teams and have control over the direction and content of projects, but even Ph.D. holders have room to advance as they gain experience. As chemists become more proficient in managing research projects, they may take on larger, more complicated, and more expensive projects.

Some chemists and materials scientists become natural sciences managers.

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Information Scientist jobs

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Information Scientist Demographics

Gender

Male

48.0%

Female

48.0%

Unknown

4.1%
Ethnicity

White

79.5%

Asian

10.2%

Hispanic or Latino

7.0%

Unknown

2.6%

Black or African American

0.6%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

40.0%

Urdu

20.0%

German

20.0%

Hindi

20.0%
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Information Scientist Education

Schools

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

10.9%

Louisiana State University and A&M College

6.5%

Dominican University

6.5%

Saint Louis College of Pharmacy

6.5%

University of Pittsburgh -

6.5%

University of Illinois at Chicago

4.3%

Long Island University - C W Post Campus

4.3%

University of North Texas

4.3%

Syracuse University

4.3%

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

4.3%

University of the Sciences

4.3%

University of North Carolina at Wilmington

4.3%

North Carolina State University

4.3%

University of Southern California

4.3%

Indiana University Bloomington

4.3%

Northern Illinois University

4.3%

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

4.3%

Albany College of Pharmacy

4.3%

Texas A&M University School of Law

4.3%

University of Colorado at Boulder

2.2%
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Majors

Pharmacy

22.1%

Business

11.6%

Biology

9.5%

Library Science

9.5%

Library Science And Administration

8.4%

Computer Science

6.3%

Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology

5.3%

Information Sciences

3.2%

Health Care Administration

3.2%

Law

3.2%

Education

3.2%

Psychology

2.1%

Microbiology

2.1%

Management Information Systems

2.1%

Pharmacology

2.1%

Cell Biology And Anatomical Science

2.1%

French Language

1.1%

Public Health

1.1%

Health Sciences And Services

1.1%

Computer Information Systems

1.1%
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Degrees

Masters

36.0%

Doctorate

26.3%

Bachelors

20.2%

Other

14.9%

Certificate

1.8%

Associate

0.9%
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Real Information Scientist Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Epoch.Com, LLC Santa Monica, CA Jul 21, 2011 $230,000
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Google Inc. New York, NY Dec 01, 2011 $206,900
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. Milpitas, CA Oct 31, 2011 $170,040
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Google Inc. New York, NY May 18, 2011 $170,000
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Jun 10, 2011 $169,000
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Microsoft Corporation Mountain View, CA Jun 24, 2011 $160,021
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Oct 25, 2011 $157,300
Comp & Information Scientists, Research Rocket Fuel Inc. CA Dec 09, 2011 $155,000
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA May 23, 2012 $154,800
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Aug 29, 2011 $150,000
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Feb 16, 2012 $150,000
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Jan 25, 2011 $150,000
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Aug 09, 2011 $148,000
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Oct 07, 2011 $147,500
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Shopping.Com (California), Inc. Brisbane, CA Oct 21, 2011 $114,308
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Evolution Robotics, Inc. Pasadena, CA Oct 17, 2011 $114,275
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA May 25, 2011 $114,000
Computer and Information Scientist, Research Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Feb 24, 2012 $114,000
Computer & Information Scientist Multiplan, Inc. Rockville, MD Aug 19, 2014 $113,959
Research Information Scientist Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Johnston, IA Apr 16, 2015 $113,412
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Quintiles, Inc. Morrisville, NC Mar 06, 2012 $113,000 -
$121,450
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Landmark Graphics Corporation Houston, TX Jun 11, 2012 $112,305
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Ut-Battelle, LLC (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Oak Ridge, TN Jul 18, 2012 $95,796
Computer and Information Scientist, Research KLA-Tencor Corporation Milpitas, CA Nov 22, 2011 $95,642
Computer and Information Scientist (SR. Business Vopak North America Inc. Houston, TX Feb 26, 2011 $95,481
Research Information Scientist Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. Johnston, IA Dec 26, 2012 $95,004
Information Scientist General Electric Co-Global Research Center Niskayuna, NY Feb 07, 2011 $95,000
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Sensory, Inc. Portland, OR Aug 12, 2011 $95,000
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Western Digital Technologies, Inc. Irvine, CA Apr 11, 2012 $93,500
Computer and Information Scientists, Research Ut-Battelle, LLC (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Oak Ridge, TN Sep 19, 2011 $93,480

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Top Skills for An Information Scientist

ScientificDataRegulatoryScientistsMedicalInformationResponsesWebGSKCompetitiveIntelligenceResearchRFDAInformationResourcesDrugSafetyClinicalTrialsNewVersionsHealthCareProfessionalsDialogSalesRepresentativesPromotionalMaterialsAvailableScientificLiteratureContentManagementAstraMerck

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Top Information Scientist Skills

  1. Scientific Data
  2. Regulatory
  3. Scientists
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Collaborated with Legal, Regulatory and Clinical Operations to compose letters to address concerns and request for product information from consumers.
  • Interacted with scientists to establish and meet data and document storage and retrieval requirements.
  • Maintained department's compliance website.
  • Provide comments on promotional initiatives pertaining to various GSK branded products.
  • Managed team of up to 15 Medical Information specialists and Administrative Assistants.

Top Information Scientist Employers