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Become An Information Technology Programmer

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Working As An Information Technology Programmer

  • Interacting With Computers
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Getting Information
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Repetitive

  • $92,853

    Average Salary

What Does An Information Technology Programmer Do

Computer programmers write and test code that allows computer applications and software programs to function properly. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions that a computer can follow. In addition, programmers test newly created applications and programs to ensure that they produce the expected results. If they do not work correctly, computer programmers check the code for mistakes and fix them.

Duties

Computer programmers typically do the following:

  • Write programs in a variety of computer languages, such as C++ and Java
  • Update and expand existing programs
  • Test programs for errors and fix the faulty lines of computer code responsible
  • Create and test code in an integrated development environment (IDE)
  • Use code libraries, which are collections of independent lines of code, to simplify the writing

Programmers work closely with software developers, and in some businesses their duties overlap. When such overlap occurs, programmers can do work that is typical of developers, such as designing the program. Program design entails planning the software initially, creating models and flowcharts detailing how the code is to be written, writing and debugging code, and designing an application or systems interface. Programmers often use an IDE, which allows them to create, edit, and test code.

A program’s purpose determines the complexity of its computer code. For example, a weather application for a mobile device will require less programming than a social-networking application. Simpler programs can be written in less time. Complex programs, such as computer operating systems, can take a year or more to complete.

Software-as-a-service (SaaS), which consists of applications provided through the Internet, is a growing field. Although programmers typically need to rewrite their programs to work on different system platforms, such as Windows or OS X, applications created with SaaS work on all platforms. Accordingly, programmers writing SaaS applications may not have to rewrite as much code as other programmers do and can instead spend more time writing new programs.

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How To Become An Information Technology Programmer

Most computer programmers have a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related subject; however, some employers hire workers with an associate’s degree. Most programmers specialize in a few programming languages.

Education

Most computer programmers have a bachelor’s degree; however, some employers hire workers who have an associate’s degree. Most programmers get a degree in computer science or a related subject. Programmers who work in specific fields, such as healthcare or accounting, may take classes in that field to supplement their degree in computer programming. In addition, employers value experience, which many students gain through internships.

Most programmers learn a few computer languages while in school. However, a computer science degree gives students the skills needed to learn new computer languages easily. During their classes, students receive hands-on experience writing code, testing programs, fixing errors, and doing many other tasks that they will perform on the job.

To keep up with changing technology, computer programmers may take continuing education and professional development seminars to learn new programming languages or about upgrades to programming languages they already know.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Programmers can become certified in specific programming languages or for vendor-specific programming products. Some companies require their computer programmers to be certified in the products they use.

Other Experience

Many students gain experience in computer programming by completing an internship at a software company while in college.

Advancement

Programmers who have general business experience may become computer systems analysts. With experience, some programmers may become software developers. They may also be promoted to managerial positions. For more information, see the profiles on computer systems analysts, software developers, and computer and information systems managers.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Computer programmers must understand complex instructions in order to create computer code.

Concentration. Programmers must be able to work at a computer, writing lines of code for long periods.

Detail oriented. Computer programmers must closely examine the code they write because a small mistake can affect the entire computer program.

Troubleshooting skills. An important part of a programmer’s job is to check the code for errors and fix any they find.

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Information Technology Programmer jobs

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Information Technology Programmer Career Paths

Information Technology Programmer
Information Technology Manager Director Of Information
Chief Information Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Information Technology Manager Senior Manager Director Of Information
Chief Technology Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Specialist Operations Manager Senior Manager
Director Of Information
10 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Development Manager Software Development Manager
Director Of Software Development
12 Yearsyrs
Systems Engineer Information Technology Manager Technical Services Manager
Director Of Technology And Services
11 Yearsyrs
Technician Technical Support Specialist Network Administrator
Information Systems Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Software Engineer Senior Systems Engineer Information Technology Manager
Information Technology Director
10 Yearsyrs
Software Engineer Systems Engineer Systems Administrator
Information Technology Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Programmer Analyst Senior Software Engineer
Lead Developer
6 Yearsyrs
Software Engineer Senior Software Engineer
Lead Technician
6 Yearsyrs
Technician Engineer Senior Software Engineer
Senior .NET Developer
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Software Engineer Business Analyst Information Technology Manager
Senior Information Technology Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Consultant Senior Software Engineer
Senior Java Developer
6 Yearsyrs
Information Technology Consultant Data Analyst Business Analyst
Senior Programmer Analyst
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Programmer Analyst Senior Systems Analyst
Senior Software Engineer
6 Yearsyrs
Specialist Analyst Business Analyst
Senior Systems Analyst
7 Yearsyrs
Systems Engineer Senior Consultant Solutions Architect
Solutions Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Information Technology Consultant Information Technology Administrator Systems Engineer
Systems Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Information Technology Project Manager Senior Manager Engineering Director
Vice President Of Engineering
13 Yearsyrs
Information Technology Project Manager Director Of Information Vice President Of Information Technology
Vice President, Technology
11 Yearsyrs
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Average Length of Employment
Systems Programmer 5.2 years
Programmer Analyst 4.0 years
Senior Programmer 3.4 years
Systems Developer 3.4 years
Software Engineer 3.2 years
Lead Programmer 3.1 years
Software Developer 2.7 years
Software Analyst 2.6 years
Programmer 2.6 years
Contract Developer 2.3 years
Developer 2.2 years
Web Programmer 2.0 years
Junior Programmer 1.8 years
Java Programmer 1.7 years
Top Employers Before
Programmer 10.7%
Consultant 7.9%
Internship 4.7%
Technician 2.8%
Top Employers After
Consultant 6.9%
Specialist 4.7%
Programmer 4.3%

Information Technology Programmer Demographics

Gender

Male

71.3%

Female

25.2%

Unknown

3.4%
Ethnicity

White

72.4%

Asian

13.6%

Hispanic or Latino

11.4%

Unknown

1.9%

Black or African American

0.7%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

41.7%

French

12.5%

Vietnamese

8.3%

Portuguese

4.2%

Cantonese

4.2%

Japanese

4.2%

Greek

4.2%

Hindi

4.2%

Russian

4.2%

Korean

4.2%

Arabic

4.2%

Armenian

4.2%
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Information Technology Programmer Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

11.8%

Louisiana State University and A&M College

7.1%

University of Texas at San Antonio

5.9%

Pennsylvania State University

5.9%

Florida International University

5.9%

More Tech Institute

5.9%

Cleveland State University

5.9%

University of North Texas

4.7%

University of Maryland - University College

4.7%

Arizona State University

4.7%

Central Michigan University

4.7%

University of New Mexico

4.7%

Franklin University

3.5%

New York University

3.5%

Michigan State University

3.5%

Pace University - New York

3.5%

Northwestern University

3.5%

University of Massachusetts - Lowell

3.5%

Southeastern Louisiana University

3.5%

Houston Community College

3.5%
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Majors

Computer Science

29.5%

Business

14.3%

Computer Information Systems

9.8%

Information Systems

5.6%

Information Technology

5.2%

Electrical Engineering

4.6%

Mechanical Engineering

4.0%

Computer Engineering

3.1%

Management Information Systems

2.9%

Mathematics

2.9%

Project Management

2.5%

Electrical Engineering Technology

2.3%

Management

2.3%

Computer Programming

2.1%

Finance

1.9%

Computer Applications

1.7%

General Studies

1.5%

Marketing

1.5%

Accounting

1.5%

Education

1.0%
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Degrees

Bachelors

43.3%

Masters

23.2%

Other

17.8%

Associate

10.7%

Certificate

2.8%

Doctorate

1.2%

Diploma

1.1%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary

Real Information Technology Programmer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Senior IT Applications Programmer Precision Management Group, Inc. Mayfield, OH Oct 13, 2016 $162,786
IT Programmer Analyst-Senior Lazard Freres & Co. LLC New York, NY Jan 12, 2015 $145,000
Senior IT Programmer Analyst Riverbed Technology, Inc. San Francisco, CA Jan 21, 2015 $131,269 -
$146,001
IT Programmer Analyst (Computer Programmer) Safeway Inc. Pleasanton, CA Apr 25, 2016 $125,620
IT Technical Programmer Analyst Hitachi Data Systems Corporation Santa Clara, CA Jan 20, 2016 $125,000 -
$130,000
IT Technical Programmer Analyst Hitachi Data Systems Corporation Santa Clara, CA Jul 01, 2016 $125,000 -
$130,000
IT Programmer Analyst (Software Applications) Safeway Inc. Phoenix, AZ Oct 09, 2016 $125,000
IT Programmer Analyst Principal Nextera Energy Resources, LLC Juno Beach, FL Apr 15, 2016 $119,850
Senior IT Applications Programmer Precision Management Group, Inc. Mayfield, OH Aug 29, 2016 $116,872
Senior IT Applications Programmer Precision Management Group, Inc. Mayfield, OH Dec 05, 2016 $116,663
SR. IT Hyperion Programmer Analyst NRG Energy, Inc. Princeton, NJ Dec 20, 2016 $116,150
IT Programmer Analyst Senior Gexa Energy LP Houston, TX May 20, 2016 $116,000
IT Programmer Analyst III Thyssenkrupp Elevator Frisco, TX Feb 02, 2016 $115,794
IT Application Programmer Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Mayfield, OH Jun 20, 2016 $95,000
IT Programmer Analyst Senior Florida Power and Light Company Juno Beach, FL Apr 01, 2016 $95,000
IT Programmer Analyst Senior Florida Power and Light Company Jupiter, FL Dec 14, 2015 $95,000
IT Programmer Analyst III Thyssenkrupp Elevator Frisco, TX Oct 22, 2016 $94,742
IT Programmer Analyst Senior Nextera Energy Resources, LLC Juno Beach, FL May 29, 2016 $94,080
IT Programmer Analyst III Thyssenkrupp Elevator Frisco, TX Oct 22, 2016 $93,411
IT Applications Programmer Lead Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Highland Heights, OH Oct 31, 2016 $92,435 -
$97,500
IT Programmer Analyst Senior Nextera Energy Resources, LLC Juno Beach, FL Mar 28, 2016 $92,000
IT Applications Programmer Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Mayfield, OH Oct 01, 2015 $82,200
IT Applications Programmer Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Colorado Springs, CO Sep 03, 2015 $81,500
IT Applications Programmer Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Colorado Springs, CO Feb 11, 2015 $81,459
IT Apps Programmer Specialized-IT Apps Programmer (C#.Net) Exodus Integrity Services Inc. Mayfield, OH Jul 19, 2015 $81,393
IT Apps Programmer Specialized (C# .NET) Exodus Integrity Services, Inc. Mayfield, OH Jan 08, 2016 $81,393
Information Technology Programmer II The Nature Conservancy Arlington, VA Feb 11, 2016 $80,649

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Top Skills for An Information Technology Programmer

Pl/SqlTestDatabaseWebApplicationWindowsXPMicrosoftSQLServerASPCobolC#.NETHtmlJavascriptXMLMainframeDesktopJSPSetupVBCSSPossibleTestCasesDB2Unix

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Top Information Technology Programmer Skills

  1. Pl/Sql
  2. Test Database
  3. Web Application
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Create PL/SQL scripts such as views, triggers and procedures.
  • Involved in testing the reports with test database, and giving the possible test cases to the testing team.
  • Used a Code First approach with Entity Framework for data models for 3 internal web applications supporting around 50 users each.
  • Organized teams to upgrade and remove Windows XP from our corporate environment.
  • Programed in C# in Visual Studio.NET using the Microsoft SQL Server database

Top Information Technology Programmer Employers

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