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Although education and training requirements vary widely by position and industry, many top executives have at least a bachelor’s degree and a considerable amount of work experience.Education
Many top executives have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in business administration or in an area related to their field of work. Top executives in the public sector often have a degree in business administration, public administration, law, or the liberal arts. Top executives of large corporations often have a master’s degree in business administration (MBA).
College presidents and school superintendents are typically required to have a master’s degree, although a doctorate is often preferred.
Although many mayors, governors, or other public sector executives have at least a bachelor’s degree, these positions typically do not have any specific education requirements.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Many top executives advance within their own firm, moving up from lower level managerial or supervisory positions. However, other companies may prefer to hire qualified candidates from outside their organization. Top executives who are promoted from lower level positions may be able to substitute experience for education to move up in the company. For example, in industries such as retail trade or transportation, workers without a college degree may work their way up to higher levels within the company to become executives or general managers.
Chief executives typically need extensive managerial experience. Executives are also expected to have experience in the organization’s area of specialty. Most general and operations managers hired from outside an organization need lower level supervisory or management experience in a related field.
Some general managers advance to higher level managerial or executive positions. Company training programs, executive development programs, and certification can often benefit managers or executives hoping to advance.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Top executives must be able to communicate clearly and persuasively. They must effectively discuss issues and negotiate with others, direct subordinates, and explain their policies and decisions to those within and outside the organization.
Decisionmaking skills. Top executives need decisionmaking skills when setting policies and managing an organization. They must assess different options and choose the best course of action, often daily.
Leadership skills. Top executives must be able to lead an organization successfully by coordinating policies, people, and resources.
Management skills. Top executives must shape and direct the operations of an organization. For example, they must manage business plans, employees, and budgets.
Problem-solving skills. Top executives need to identify and resolve issues within an organization. They must be able to recognize shortcomings and effectively carry out solutions.
Time-management skills. Top executives do many tasks at the same time, typically under their own direction, to ensure that their work gets done and that they meet their goals.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Institution Director
Top Careers After Institution Director
Hispanic or Latino6.7%
Black or African American0.4%
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New York University10.3%
University of Phoenix8.8%
University of Pennsylvania7.4%
George Washington University5.9%
University of Iowa5.9%
University of California - San Diego4.4%
University of Miami4.4%
Texas A&M University4.4%
Michigan State University4.4%
University of Utah4.4%
University of Notre Dame4.4%
Florida State University4.4%
University of Denver4.4%
Washington State University2.9%
Arizona State University2.9%
San Jose State University2.9%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Director Cancer Institute||Children's Hospital of Orange County||Orange, CA||Jan 08, 2016||$200,012|
|DIR., Institutional Asset Mngmt Business Developme||Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of Amer||San Francisco, CA||Sep 08, 2014||$185,396|
|Director, Canada Institute||Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars||Washington, DC||Jun 01, 2015||$151,496|
|Director, Brookings Institution Press||The Brookings Institution||Washington, DC||Sep 23, 2016||$150,000 -
|Director, Brookings Institution Press||The Brookings Institution||Washington, DC||Sep 23, 2013||$150,000 -
|Director, Institutional Structuring Desk||CIBC World Markets Corp.||New York, NY||Sep 09, 2013||$145,000 -
|Director, Non-Traditional & Institutional Development||Burger King Corporation||Miami, FL||Sep 12, 2014||$140,000|
|Director, Non-Traditional & Institutional Developm||Burger King Corporation||Miami, FL||Sep 12, 2014||$140,000|
|Director, Mexico Institute||Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars||Washington, DC||Nov 02, 2012||$133,264|
|Professor and Director, Miami Institute of The Americas||University of Miami||Coral Gables, FL||Sep 14, 2015||$132,018 -
|Lecturer & International Arbitration Institute DIR||University of Miami||Coral Gables, FL||Jan 27, 2014||$128,997|
|EX Director of Institutional Researc||California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, CA||Dec 01, 2014||$128,808|
|Director of Programs, World Monuments Institute||World Monuments Fund, Inc.||New York, NY||Jun 04, 2015||$125,000|
|Director of Programs, World Monuments Institute||World Monuments Fund, Inc.||New York, NY||Apr 06, 2015||$125,000|
|Director, Accreditation and Institutional Evaluation||The Association of Theological Schools In The United States and Canada||Pittsburgh, PA||Aug 01, 2015||$118,000|
|Director Institutional Relations, North America||Sustainalytics U.S. Inc.||Boston, MA||Nov 10, 2016||$117,187|
|Director of Institutional Researc||California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, CA||Jul 31, 2013||$112,008|
|Director of Institutional Researc||California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, CA||Jul 31, 2013||$103,020|
|Director of Institutional Researc||California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, CA||Jul 01, 2013||$102,000|
|Director CA Institute for Social Business||California State University Channel Islands||Camarillo, CA||Feb 01, 2013||$100,343|
|Director, Institutional Brokerage Reporting||TD Ameritrade Holding Corporation||Chicago, IL||Jan 01, 2010||$98,000|
|Director Confucius Institute/Director Asian Studie||Troy University||Troy, AL||Jan 01, 2012||$85,729|
|Director of The Institute of The Lsmri||Lester Smith Management Company||San Antonio, TX||Sep 14, 2016||$85,696|
|Director of Chinese Summer Language Institute||University of Virginia||Charlottesville, VA||Jun 10, 2012||$80,287|
|Bible Institute Director||Church On The Rock Katy Inc.||Houston, TX||Sep 15, 2013||$73,045|
|Bible Institute Director||Church On The Rock Katy Inc.||Houston, TX||Sep 15, 2011||$73,045|
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