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Interpreter Demographics in the US

The average employee age for interpreters is 43 years. The interpreter workforce reached a whopping 34,025 in 2020!

Among interpreters, we discovered that 51.2% of them are women, while 36.1% are men. The most common race/ethnicity among interpreters is White, which makes up 44.2% of all interpreters. Comparatively, there are 31.1% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 14.8% of the Asian ethnicity.

Interpreter Statistics and Facts in the US

After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 34,025 interpreters currently employed in the United States.
  • 51.2% of all interpreters are women, while only 36.1% are men.
  • The average age of an employed interpreter is 43 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of interpreters is White (44.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (31.1%) and Asian (14.8%).
  • The majority of interpreters are located in NY, New York and CA, Monterey.
  • Interpreters are most in-demand in Minneapolis, MN.
  • Interpreters are paid an average annual salary of $40,024.
  • The finance industry is the highest-paying for interpreters.
  • Austin, TX pays an annual average wage of $48,960, the highest in the US.
  • Interpreters average starting salary is $28,000.
  • In 2021, women earned 95% of what men earned.
  • The top 10% of highest-paid interpreters earn as much as $56,000 or more.
  • 34% of all interpreters are LGBT.
  • Texas is the best state for interpreters to live.
  • Interpreters are more likely to work at private companies in comparison to education companies.

Interpreter Statistics by Race

The most common ethnicity among interpreters is White, which makes up 44.2% of all interpreters. Comparatively, there are 31.1% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 14.8% of the Asian ethnicity.

Job Title
  • White, 44.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 31.1%
  • Asian, 14.8%
  • Black or African American, 6.6%
  • Unknown, 2.8%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.5%

Foreign Languages Spoken By Interpreters

The chart below shows that 33.7% of interpreters speak Spanish. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 8.9% and Arabic is the third-most popular at 8.4%.

Job Title
  • Spanish, 33.7%
  • French, 8.9%
  • Arabic, 8.4%
  • Chinese, 6.9%
  • Mandarin, 6.4%
  • Other, 35.7%

Types of Interpreter Degree Levels

We assessed our data to determine the typical level of education for interpreters. The most common degree for interpreters is bachelor's degree. In fact, 48% of interpreters earn that degree. A close second is associate degree with 13% and rounding it off is master's degree with 11%.

Job Title
  • Bachelors degree, 48%
  • Associate degree, 13%
  • Masters degree, 11%
  • High School Diploma degree, 6%
  • Other Degrees, 22%

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Interpreter Employment Statistics

This section highlights the information we gathered about the types of businesses and industries that employ interpreters. We found that the most common company type is private. In addition, the industry that employs the most interpreters is the non profits industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire interpreters.

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< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

The Types Of Companies Interpreter Work In

Employees with the interpreter job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most interpreters prefer to work at private companies over education companies.

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Top Industries Hiring Interpreters

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ interpreters. Those industries include non profits, health care and professional.

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Non Profits


Health Care



Interpreter Diversity

From race to gender and even age, we found the average demographic information on those who work as interpreters. Keep reading to find out what the results for interpreters were.

Interpreter Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2008-2018 among interpreters.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Interpreter Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the interpreter position over time.


Interpreter Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of interpreters changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Average Age of an Interpreter Based On Race And Gender

We determined the average age of interpreters based on ethnicity and gender.


The Average Number of Years That Interpreter Stay in a Job

By looking over 16,460 interpreters resumes, we figured out that the average interpreter enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 28%.

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Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Interpreter Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of interpreter employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of interpreters is 40+ years old, which represents 60% of the population.

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20-30 years

30-40 years

40+ years

Interpreter Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, track announcer and public address announcer have the biggest difference in gender.

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Job Titleascdesc
Deaf Interpreter16%77%
Educational Interpreter20%74%
Events And Communications Coordinator21%75%
Sports Announcer87%9%
Public Address Announcer88%9%
Track Announcer89%11%
Track Announcer
Public Address Announcer
Sports Announcer
Events And Communications Coordinator
Educational Interpreter
Deaf Interpreter

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Interpreters with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to interpreters.

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Job Titleascdesc
Handbook Writer15.82%
Video Journalist19.36%
Short Story Writer22.69%
Show Host25.03%
Senior Managing Editor28.26%
Color Specialist30.27%

Interpreter Jobs

Interpreter Gender Pay Gap

Male Income
Female Income

Interpreter Income By Gender And Race/Ethnicity

We found interesting that White men and Black or African American men make more money compared to others.

  • Male
  • Female
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino

Interpreter Income By Race/Ethnicity And Education

This chart shows the impact that education has on the income level of different ethnicities.

All Race and Ethnicity
High School Diploma or Less$38,566
Some College/ Associate Degree$43,124
Bachelor's Degree$44,639
Doctorate Degree$47,227
Master's Degree$47,777

Interpreter Income By Race/Ethnicity And Education

This chart shows the impact that education has on the income level of different ethnicities.

  • Asian
  • Black or African American
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • White
High School Diploma or Less
Some College/ Associate Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate Degree

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Interpreter Heatmaps

Where Do Interpreters Earn The Most?

The map here shows where interpreters earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Interpreters Located?

By looking through more than 16,460 resumes, we found that the most popular places for interpreters are NY, New York and CA, Monterey.

Number of Interpreters