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Become A Journeyman

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Working As A Journeyman

  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
  • Getting Information
  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Repetitive

  • $50,620

    Average Salary

What Does A Journeyman Do

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair pipes that carry liquids or gases to, from, and within businesses, homes, and factories.

Duties

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters typically do the following:

  • Install pipes and fixtures
  • Study blueprints and follow state and local building codes
  • Determine the amount of material and type of equipment needed
  • Inspect and test installed pipe systems and pipelines
  • Troubleshoot systems that are not working
  • Replace worn parts

The movement of liquids and gases through pipes is critical to modern life. In homes, water is needed for both drinking and sanitation. In factories, chemicals are moved to aid in product manufacturing. In power plants, steam is moved to drive turbines that generate electricity. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair these pipe systems.

Although plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters perform three distinct and specialized roles, their duties are often similar. For example, they all install pipes and fittings that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. They connect pipes, determine the necessary materials for a job, and perform pressure tests to ensure that a pipe system is airtight and watertight.

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install, maintain, and repair many different types of pipe systems. Some of these systems carry water, dispose of waste, supply gas to ovens, or heat and cool buildings. Other systems, such as those in power plants, carry the steam that powers huge turbines. Pipes also are used in manufacturing plants to move acids, gases, and waste byproducts through the production process.

Master plumbers on construction jobs may be involved with developing blueprints that show the placement of all the pipes and fixtures. Their input helps ensure that a structure’s plumbing meets building codes, stays within budget, and works well with the location of other features, such as electric wires. Many diagrams are now created digitally using Building Information Modeling (BIM), which allows a building’s physical systems to be planned and coordinated across occupations.

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters may use many different materials and construction techniques, depending on the type of project. Residential water systems, for example, use copper, steel, and plastic pipe that one or two plumbers can install. Power plant water systems, by contrast, are made of large steel pipes that usually take a crew of pipefitters to install. Some workers install stainless steel pipes on dairy farms and in factories, mainly to prevent contamination.

Plumbers and pipefitters sometimes cut holes in walls, ceilings, and floors. With some pipe systems, workers may hang steel supports from ceiling joists to hold the pipe in place. Because pipes are seldom manufactured to exact lengths, plumbers and pipefitters measure and then cut and bend lengths of pipe as needed. Their tools often include saws and pipe cutters.

They then connect the pipes, using methods that vary by type of pipe. For example, copper pipe is joined with solder, whereas steel pipe often is screwed together.

In addition to performing installation and repair work, journey- and master-level plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters frequently direct apprentices and helpers.

The following are examples of types of plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters:

Plumbers install and repair water, drainage, and gas pipes in homes, businesses, and factories. They install and repair large water lines, such as those which supply water to buildings, and smaller ones, including lines that supply water to refrigerators. Plumbers also install plumbing fixtures—bathtubs, showers, sinks, and toilets—and appliances such as dishwashers, garbage disposals, and water heaters. In addition, they fix plumbing problems. For example, when a pipe is clogged or leaking, plumbers remove the clog or replace the pipe. Some plumbers maintain septic systems—the large, underground holding tanks that collect waste from houses not connected to a city or county’s sewer system.

Pipefitters, sometimes referred to as just fitters, install and maintain pipes that carry chemicals, acids, and gases. These pipes are used mostly in manufacturing, commercial, and industrial settings. Fitters often install and repair pipe systems in power plants, as well as heating and cooling systems in large office buildings. Some pipefitters specialize:

  • Gasfitters install pipes that provide natural gas to heating and cooling systems and to stoves. They also install pipes that provide clean oxygen to patients in hospitals.
  • Sprinklerfitters install and repair fire sprinkler systems in businesses, factories, and residential buildings.
  • Steamfitters install pipe systems that move steam under high pressure. Most steamfitters work at college campuses and natural-gas power plants where heat and electricity are generated, but others work in factories that use high-temperature steampipes.

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How To Become A Journeyman

Although most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn on the job through an apprenticeship, some start out by attending a technical school. Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is required.

Technical schools offer courses on pipe system design, safety, and tool use. They also offer welding courses that are considered necessary by some pipefitter and steamfitter apprenticeship training programs.

Training

Most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn their trade through a 4- or 5-year apprenticeship. Each year, apprentices must have at least 1,700 to 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training and a minimum of 246 hours of related technical education.

In the classroom, apprentices learn safety, local plumbing codes and regulations, and blueprint reading. They also study mathematics, applied physics, and chemistry.

Apprenticeship programs are offered by unions and businesses. Although most workers enter apprenticeships directly, some start out as helpers. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. To enter an apprenticeship program, a trainee must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Have a high school diploma or equivalent
  • Pass a basic math test
  • Pass substance abuse screening
  • Know how to use computers

Some plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn on the job through specific task-oriented training. Employers provide training that enables workers to complete a variety of tasks. The Home Builders Institute offers a pre-apprenticeship training program for eight construction trades, including plumbing.

After completing an apprenticeship program, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters are considered to be journey workers, qualifying them to perform duties on their own.

With additional technical education and several years of plumbing experience, plumbers are eligible to earn master status. Some states require a business to employ a master plumber in order to obtain a plumbing contractor’s license.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently.

A few states require pipefitters to be licensed. Several states require a special license to work on gas lines. Obtaining a license requires taking a test, gaining experience through work, or both. For more information, check with your state’s licensing board.

Important Qualities

Business skills. Plumbers who own their own business must be able to direct workers, bid on jobs, and plan work schedules.

Customer-service skills. Plumbers work with customers on a regular basis, so they should be polite and courteous.

Mechanical skills. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters use a variety of tools to assemble and repair pipe systems. Choosing the right tool and successfully installing, repairing, or maintaining a system is crucial to their work.

Physical strength. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters must be strong enough to lift and move heavy pipe.

Troubleshooting skills. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters find, diagnose, and repair problems. For example, pipefitters must be able to perform pressure tests to pinpoint the location of a leak.

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Journeyman Jobs

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Journeyman Career Paths

Journeyman
General Foreman Project Manager General Manager
Area Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Journeyman Electrician Maintenance Electrician Maintenance Technician
Chief Engineer
10 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Engineer Project Engineer
Construction Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Mechanic Operator Foreman
Construction Superintendent
9 Yearsyrs
Service Technician Maintenance Supervisor Facilities Manager
Director Of Facilities
11 Yearsyrs
Technician Service Manager General Manager
District Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Consultant Senior Software Engineer
Engineering Director
13 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Engineering Technician Engineer
Engineering Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Lead Person Production Manager Estimator
Estimator Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Lead Person Maintenance Technician Facilities Maintenance Manager
Facilities Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Mechanic Forklift Operator Carpenter
General Contractor
6 Yearsyrs
Journeyman/Foreman Foreman
General Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Journeyman Electrician Foreman Operations Manager
Operations Director
9 Yearsyrs
Foreman Technician Service Manager
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Electrician Technician Operations Manager
Plant Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Foreman Project Manager
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Service Technician Operations Manager Safety Manager
Project Safety Manager
9 Yearsyrs
General Foreman General Superintendent
Project Superintendent
10 Yearsyrs
Electrician Maintenance Supervisor Operations Manager
Purchasing Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Technician Specialist Account Manager
Regional Manager
8 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Journeyman?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Journeyman Glazier 6.3 years
Journeyman/Foreman 6.0 years
Craftsman 5.7 years
Journeyman Plumber 5.6 years
Journeyman Painter 5.4 years
Journeyman 5.0 years
Journeyman Welder 4.7 years
Top Employers Before
Apprentice 23.2%
Foreman 9.4%
Technician 4.7%
Welder 4.3%
Helper 4.1%
Owner 3.4%
Supervisor 3.4%
Cashier 3.4%
Carpenter 2.6%
Top Employers After
Foreman 11.5%
Craftsman 8.8%
Technician 6.2%
Supervisor 5.4%
Owner 5.3%
Manager 3.5%
Welder 3.5%

Do you work as a Journeyman?

Journeyman Demographics

Gender

Male

84.0%

Female

14.8%

Unknown

1.2%
Ethnicity

White

80.8%

Hispanic or Latino

11.7%

Asian

5.7%

Unknown

1.3%

Black or African American

0.5%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

62.9%

French

5.7%

German

4.8%

Carrier

3.9%

Japanese

2.6%

Dakota

2.6%

Russian

2.2%

Italian

2.2%

Cheyenne

1.7%

Korean

1.7%

Portuguese

1.7%

Navajo

1.3%

Tagalog

1.3%

Czech

1.3%

Cherokee

0.9%

Thai

0.9%

Arabic

0.9%

Turkish

0.4%

Vietnamese

0.4%

Romanian

0.4%
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Journeyman Education

Schools

Community College of the Air Force

47.6%

University of Phoenix

11.4%

Ashford University

5.3%

University of Maryland - University College

3.6%

Park University

3.0%

The Academy

2.8%

Columbia Southern University

2.5%

Southern New Hampshire University

2.5%

Liberty University

2.5%

American University

2.5%

Kaplan University

2.1%

Wayland Baptist University

1.7%

College of Southern Nevada

1.7%

Strayer University

1.7%

Universal Technical Institute

1.7%

Colorado Technical University

1.6%

Southern Illinois University Carbondale

1.4%

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

1.4%

Grand Canyon University

1.4%

Grantham University

1.4%
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Majors

Business

21.8%

Criminal Justice

8.8%

Electrical Engineering Technology

8.3%

Automotive Technology

6.2%

Electrical Engineering

5.7%

General Studies

5.3%

Management

4.4%

Aviation

3.8%

Precision Metal Working

3.5%

Information Technology

3.5%

Supply Chain Management

3.4%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

3.2%

Industrial Technology

3.2%

Computer Science

3.0%

Heating And Air Conditioning

2.9%

Education

2.9%

Computer Information Systems

2.8%

Accounting

2.5%

Nursing

2.4%

Communication

2.4%
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Degrees

Other

36.7%

Bachelors

26.4%

Associate

20.0%

Certificate

7.2%

Masters

6.9%

Diploma

1.7%

License

0.6%

Doctorate

0.4%
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Top Skills for A Journeyman

SafetyProceduresMilitaryPersonnelLayoutEmergencySquadronCustomerServiceTroubleshootFacilityTestEquipmentHandToolsPreventativeMaintenanceHvac/RSuperviseOshaAccountabilityCombatAirCompressorsClearanceTroubleshotHazardousMaterials

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  1. Safety Procedures
  2. Military Personnel
  3. Layout
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Implement airfield safety procedures to ensure a safe operating environment for personnel and aircraft operation.
  • Managed Air Force retention programs, assists military personnel in making career decisions, and advised on benefit programs.
  • Solved complex maintenance problems by studying layout drawings, wiring and schematic drawings and by analyzing construction and operating characteristics.
  • Provided emergency power during several typhoons through an on base 12 Megawatt power plant and mobile generators
  • Received top score in history of squadron in the 5 Skill Level Upgrade Exam.

How Would You Rate Working As a Journeyman?

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Top Journeyman Employers

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