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Become A Journeyman

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Working As A Journeyman

  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Make Decisions

  • $23,528

    Average Salary

What Does A Journeyman Do

Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall.

Duties

Carpenters typically do the following:

  • Follow blueprints and building plans to meet the needs of clients
  • Install structures and fixtures, such as windows and molding
  • Measure, cut, and shape wood, plastic, and other materials
  • Construct building frameworks, including walls, floors, and doorframes
  • Erect, level, and install building framework with the aid of rigging hardware and cranes
  • Inspect and replace damaged framework or other structures and fixtures
  • Instruct and direct laborers and other construction helpers

Carpenters are one of the most versatile construction occupations, with workers usually doing many different tasks. For example, some carpenters primarily insulate office buildings and others install drywall or kitchen cabinets in homes. Those who help construct tall buildings or bridges often install the wooden concrete forms for cement footings or pillars and are commonly referred to as rough carpenters. Other carpenters erect shoring and scaffolding for buildings.

Carpenters use many different hand and power tools to cut and shape wood, plastic, fiberglass, or drywall. They commonly use hand tools, including squares, levels, and chisels, as well as many power tools, such as sanders, circular saws, nail guns, and welding machines. Carpenters fasten materials together with nails, screws, staples, and adhesives, and do a final check of their work to ensure that it is completed according to specifications. They use a tape measure on nearly every project to make sure that the pieces being cut are the proper size, which reduces waste and saves time. Many employers require applicants to supply their own tools.

The following are examples of types of carpenters:

Residential carpenters typically specialize in single-family, townhome, and condominium building and remodeling. As part of a single job, they might build and set forms for footings, walls, and slabs, and frame and finish exterior walls, roofs, and decks. They also frame interior walls, build stairs, and install drywall, crown molding, doors, and cabinets. In addition, residential carpenters may tile floors and lay wood floors and carpet. Fully trained carpenters can easily switch from new homebuilding to remodeling.

Commercial carpenters typically build and remodel commercial office buildings, hospitals, hotels, schools, and shopping malls. Some specialize in working with light-gauge and load-bearing steel framing for interior partitions, exterior framing, and curtain wall construction. Others specialize in working with concrete forming systems and finishing interior and exterior walls, partitions, and ceilings. Most commercial carpenters perform many of the same tasks as residential carpenters.

Industrial carpenters typically work on civil engineering projects and in industrial settings, where they build scaffolding and create and set forms for pouring concrete. Some industrial carpenters build tunnel bracing or partitions in underground passageways and mines to control the circulation of air to worksites. Others build concrete forms for tunnels, bridges, dams, power plants, or sewers.

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How To Become A Journeyman

Although most carpenters learn their trade through an apprenticeship, some learn on the job, starting as a helper.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is required. High school courses in mathematics, mechanical drawing, and general vocational technical training are considered useful.

Training

Most carpenters learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship program. For each year of a typical program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. In the technical training, apprentices learn carpentry basics, blueprint reading, mathematics, building code requirements, and safety and first-aid practices. They also may receive specialized training in creating and setting concrete forms, rigging, welding, scaffold building, working within confined workspaces, and fall protection. All carpenters must pass the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 10- and 30-hour safety courses.

After finishing an apprenticeship, carpenters are considered to be journey workers and may perform tasks on their own.

Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for a person to enter an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school education or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work
  • U.S. citizen or proof of legal residency
  • Pass substance abuse screening

Some contractors have their own carpenter training program, which may be an accredited apprenticeship program.

Although many workers enter apprenticeships directly, some carpenters start out as helpers.

Some workers can earn certificates before entering an apprenticeship. The National Association of Home Builders offers Pre-Apprenticeship Certificate Training (PACT) through the Home Builders Institute. PACT is available for several different groups, from youths to veterans, and covers information for eight construction trades, including painting.

Workers typically learn the proper use of hand and power tools on the job. They often start by working with more experienced carpenters and are given more complex tasks as they prove that they can handle simpler tasks, such as measuring and cutting wooden and metal studs.

A number of 2-year technical schools offer carpentry degrees that are affiliated with unions or contractor organizations. Credits earned as part of an apprenticeship program usually count toward an associate’s degree.

Advancement

Because they are involved in all phases of construction, carpenters usually have more opportunities than other construction workers to become first-line supervisors, independent contractors, or general construction supervisors.

Carpenters seeking advancement often take additional training provided by associations, unions, or employers. Communication in both English and Spanish also is helpful for relaying instructions to workers.

Important Qualities

Business skills. Self-employed carpenters must be able to bid on new jobs, track inventory, and plan work assignments. 

Detail oriented. Carpenters perform many tasks that are important in the overall building process. Making precise measurements, for example, may reduce gaps between windows and frames, limiting any leaks around the window.

Dexterity. Carpenters use many tools and need hand-eye coordination to avoid injury or damaging materials. Striking the head of a nail, for example, is crucial to not damaging wood or injuring oneself.

Math skills. Carpenters use basic math skills every day to calculate volume and measure materials to be cut.

Physical stamina. Carpenters need physical endurance. They frequently stand, climb, or bend for long periods.

Physical strength. Carpenters use tools and materials that are heavy. For example, plywood sheets can weigh 50 to 100 pounds.

Problem-solving skills. Because construction jobs vary, carpenters must adjust project plans accordingly. For example, if a prefabricated window arrives at the worksite slightly oversized, carpenters must shave framework to make the window fit.

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Journeyman Career Paths

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Average Length of Employment
Journeyman Glazier 6.3 years
Journeyman/Foreman 6.0 years
Craftsman 5.7 years
Journeyman Plumber 5.6 years
Journeyman Painter 5.4 years
Journeyman 5.0 years
Journeyman Welder 4.7 years
Top Employers Before
Apprentice 23.2%
Foreman 9.4%
Technician 4.7%
Welder 4.3%
Helper 4.1%
Owner 3.4%
Supervisor 3.4%
Cashier 3.4%
Carpenter 2.6%
Top Employers After
Foreman 11.5%
Craftsman 8.8%
Technician 6.2%
Supervisor 5.4%
Owner 5.3%
Manager 3.5%
Welder 3.5%

Do you work as a Journeyman?

Journeyman Demographics

Gender

Male

84.0%

Female

14.8%

Unknown

1.2%
Ethnicity

White

62.7%

Hispanic or Latino

16.6%

Black or African American

11.1%

Asian

6.0%

Unknown

3.7%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

62.9%

French

5.7%

German

4.8%

Carrier

3.9%

Japanese

2.6%

Dakota

2.6%

Russian

2.2%

Italian

2.2%

Cheyenne

1.7%

Korean

1.7%

Portuguese

1.7%

Navajo

1.3%

Tagalog

1.3%

Czech

1.3%

Cherokee

0.9%

Thai

0.9%

Arabic

0.9%

Turkish

0.4%

Vietnamese

0.4%

Romanian

0.4%
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Journeyman Education

Schools

Community College of the Air Force

47.6%

University of Phoenix

11.4%

Ashford University

5.3%

University of Maryland - University College

3.6%

Park University

3.0%

The Academy

2.8%

Columbia Southern University

2.5%

Southern New Hampshire University

2.5%

Liberty University

2.5%

American University

2.5%

Kaplan University

2.1%

Wayland Baptist University

1.7%

College of Southern Nevada

1.7%

Strayer University

1.7%

Universal Technical Institute

1.7%

Colorado Technical University

1.6%

Southern Illinois University Carbondale

1.4%

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

1.4%

Grand Canyon University

1.4%

Grantham University

1.4%
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Majors

Business

21.8%

Criminal Justice

8.8%

Electrical Engineering Technology

8.3%

Automotive Technology

6.2%

Electrical Engineering

5.7%

General Studies

5.3%

Management

4.4%

Aviation

3.8%

Precision Metal Working

3.5%

Information Technology

3.5%

Supply Chain Management

3.4%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

3.2%

Industrial Technology

3.2%

Computer Science

3.0%

Heating And Air Conditioning

2.9%

Education

2.9%

Computer Information Systems

2.8%

Accounting

2.5%

Nursing

2.4%

Communication

2.4%
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Degrees

Other

36.7%

Bachelors

26.4%

Associate

20.0%

Certificate

7.2%

Masters

6.9%

Diploma

1.7%

License

0.6%

Doctorate

0.4%
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Top Skills for A Journeyman

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  1. Safety Procedures
  2. Personnel
  3. Preventative Maintenance
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Ensured safety procedures were followed, exposure and contamination control procedures are established, coordinated, and distributed.
  • Supervised maintenance personnel in proper procedures for removing, inspecting, installing, and modifying aircraft structural components.
  • Performed preventative maintenance, troubleshot breakdowns and repaired malfunctioning HVAC systems and components, utilized measuring and testing instruments.
  • Solved complex maintenance problems by studying layout drawings, wiring and schematic drawings and by analyzing construction and operating characteristics.
  • Assisted in launch and recovery, servicing during end of runway operations including emergency ground recovery.

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Top 10 Best States for Journeymen

  1. Alaska
  2. Hawaii
  3. Washington
  4. Wyoming
  5. Illinois
  6. Nevada
  7. Connecticut
  8. Massachusetts
  9. Missouri
  10. Indiana
  • (21 jobs)
  • (8 jobs)
  • (99 jobs)
  • (17 jobs)
  • (100 jobs)
  • (45 jobs)
  • (36 jobs)
  • (58 jobs)
  • (47 jobs)
  • (77 jobs)

Top Journeyman Employers

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