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Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.Education
A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.
High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.
Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.
Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.Other Experience
Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.Advancement
Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.
Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.
Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.
Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.
Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.
Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Junior Designer
Top Careers After Junior Designer
Hispanic or Latino13.1%
Black or African American0.6%
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Fashion Institute of Technology19.0%
Savannah College of Art and Design12.2%
University of Delaware5.8%
University of North Carolina at Charlotte4.8%
State University of New York at Binghamton4.8%
Parsons the New School for Design4.5%
Academy of Art University4.2%
Rhode Island School of Design4.2%
Wentworth Institute of Technology3.9%
School of Visual Arts3.9%
Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising2.9%
Rochester Institute of Technology2.9%
Harrington College of Design2.6%
University of California - Santa Barbara2.6%
Florida International University2.6%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Junior Designer||Code and Theory LLC||New York, NY||Sep 14, 2015||$75,000|
|Junior Designer/Architecture||Robinson Mills + Williams||San Francisco, CA||Jul 22, 2015||$67,500|
|Junior Designer||George P. Johnson Company||San Francisco, CA||Sep 08, 2015||$65,000|
|Junior Designer||Hatch Design LLC||San Francisco, CA||Jan 04, 2016||$65,000|
|Junior Designer||Code and Theory LLC||New York, NY||Sep 18, 2015||$65,000|
|Junior Designer||The Barbarian Group LLC||New York, NY||Sep 20, 2016||$62,500|
|Architectural Junior Designer||Des Architects + Engineers, Inc.||Redwood City, CA||Nov 29, 2016||$60,694|
|Junior Designer||Stephen Sills Associates, LLC||New York, NY||Sep 11, 2015||$60,000|
|Staff Junior Designer)||Hargreaves Associates, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Feb 11, 2015||$60,000|
|Junior Designer||Code and Theory LLC||New York, NY||Sep 12, 2015||$60,000|
|Junior Designer||Kaplan McLaughlin Diaz||San Francisco, CA||Apr 02, 2015||$58,448|
|Junior Designer||Verse Design LLC||Los Angeles, CA||Feb 09, 2016||$57,768|
|Junior Designer||Mad Office Limited||Santa Monica, CA||Jun 08, 2016||$57,768|
|Junior Staff Designer||Nardi Associates LLP||Monrovia, CA||Jun 08, 2016||$57,768|
|Junior Urban Designer||Scape Landscape Architecture PLLC||New York, NY||Jul 21, 2015||$52,000|
|Junior Designer||Noll & Tam Architects||Berkeley, CA||Aug 26, 2016||$51,500|
|Junior Designer||TPG Architecture, LLP||New York, NY||Jan 09, 2016||$51,000|
|Junior Designer||MVE + Partners, Inc.||Irvine, CA||Sep 24, 2016||$50,338|
|Junior Designer||Studio 3 Design, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Sep 15, 2016||$50,088|
|Junior Designer||Meyer Davis Studio, Inc.||New York, NY||Apr 13, 2015||$50,000|
|Junior Designer||Vishaan Chakrabarti Design Consultants||New York, NY||Dec 09, 2016||$50,000|
|JR. Designer||Kyu Lee Architect, P.C.||NY||Sep 03, 2016||$47,653|
|Junior Designer||Goldstein, Hill and West Architects, LLP||New York, NY||Oct 08, 2016||$47,653|
|Junior Designer||Baldauf Catton Von Eckartsberg Architects||San Francisco, CA||Sep 19, 2015||$47,000 -
|Junior Designer||Maiarelli Rathkopf Inc.||New York, NY||May 05, 2016||$47,000|
|Junior Designer||Studio Link-Arc, LLC||New York, NY||Jul 09, 2016||$47,000 -
|Junior Designer||Point Design Architects PC||New York, NY||Sep 01, 2015||$46,958|
|Junior Designer/Interiors||Robinson Mills + Williams||San Francisco, CA||Sep 01, 2015||$46,509|
|Junior Designer||HKS, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Sep 04, 2015||$46,250|
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