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Become A Junior Engineer

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Working As A Junior Engineer

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Getting Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • $60,545

    Average Salary

What Does A Junior Engineer Do

Civil engineers design, build, supervise, operate, and maintain construction projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. Many civil engineers work in design, construction, research, and education.

Duties

Civil engineers typically do the following:

  • Analyze long range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data in order to plan projects
  • Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning the stages of, and risk analysis for, a project
  • Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies, verifying that projects comply with various regulations
  • Perform or oversee soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations
  • Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
  • Provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility
  • Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
  • Perform or oversee surveying operations in order to establish reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
  • Present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or descriptions of property
  • Manage the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure

Civil engineers inspect projects to insure regulatory compliance. In addition, they are tasked with ensuring that safe work practices are followed at construction sites.

Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions ranging from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer, public works director, and city manager. Others work in design, construction, research, and teaching. Civil engineers work with others on projects and may be assisted by civil engineering technicians.

Civil engineers prepare permit documents for work on projects in renewable energy. They verify that the projects will comply with federal, state, and local requirements. With regard to solar energy, these engineers conduct structural analyses for large-scale photovoltaic projects. They also evaluate the ability of solar array support structures and buildings to tolerate stresses from wind, seismic activity, and other sources. For large-scale wind projects, civil engineers often prepare roadbeds to handle large trucks that haul in the turbines. In addition, they prepare the sites on the shore or offshore to make sure that the foundations for the turbines will safely keep them upright in expected environmental conditions.

Civil engineers work on complex projects, so they usually specialize in one of several areas.

Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled and built in accordance with plans and specifications. These engineers typically are responsible for the design and safety of temporary structures used during construction.

Geotechnical engineers work to make sure that foundations are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.

Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.

Transportation engineers plan, design, operate, and maintain everyday systems, such as streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors.

The work of civil engineers is closely related to the work of environmental engineers.

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How To Become A Junior Engineer

Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree. They typically need a graduate degree and licensure for promotion to senior positions. Although licensure requirements vary within the United States, civil engineers usually must be licensed in the locations where they provide services directly to the public.

Education

Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, in one of its specialties, or in civil engineering technology. Programs in civil engineering and civil engineering technology include coursework in math, statistics, engineering mechanics and systems, and fluid dynamics, among other courses, depending on the specialty. Courses include a mix of traditional classroom learning, work in laboratories, and fieldwork.

A degree from a program accredited by the ABET is needed in order to earn the professional engineer (PE) license. In many states, a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering technology also will suffice as an academic requirement for obtaining a license.

About 1 in 4 civil engineers has a master’s degree. Further education after the bachelor’s degree, along with the PE license and previous experience, is helpful in getting a job as a manager. For more information on engineering managers, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.

Important Qualities

Decisionmaking skills. Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience.

Leadership skills. Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.

Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.

Organizational skills. Only licensed civil engineers can sign the design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the jobsite as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.

Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must be able to then utilize their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.

Speaking skills. Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings, and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy to understand concepts.

Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, and urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. This means that civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a civil engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, approve design plans, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years working under a licensed engineer
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial FE exam can be taken after earning a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.

Each state issues its own licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. Several states require continuing education for engineers to keep their licenses.

Advancement

Civil engineers with ample experience may move into senior positions, such as project managers or functional managers of design, construction, operation, or maintenance. However, they would first need to obtain the Professional Engineering (PE) license, because only licensed engineers can assume responsibilities for public projects.

After gaining licensure, a professional engineer may seek credentialing that attests to his or her expertise in a civil engineering specialty. Such a credential may be of help for advancement to senior technical or even managerial positions.

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Junior Engineer jobs

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Junior Engineer Career Paths

Junior Engineer
Mechanical Engineer Senior Engineer Senior Software Engineer
Chief Technology Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Electrical Engineer Engineer Design Engineer
Design Engineering Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Engineering Manager
Engineering Director
13 Yearsyrs
Engineer Project Engineer
Engineering Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Electrical Engineer Systems Engineer Information Technology Manager
Information Technology Director
10 Yearsyrs
Engineering Assistant Engineer Systems Engineer
Information Technology Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Design Engineer Project Engineer Program Manager
Operations Director
9 Yearsyrs
Design Engineer Engineering Manager
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Engineering Technician Field Engineer Project Superintendent
Owner/Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Program Manager General Manager
President Of Operations
11 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Senior Software Engineer Business Analyst
Product Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Project Manager
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Construction Manager Operations Manager
Purchasing Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Mechanical Engineer Manufacturing Engineer Quality Engineer
Quality Assurance Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Civil Engineer Construction Manager
Senior Construction Manager
14 Yearsyrs
Civil Engineer Senior Engineer Engineering Manager
Senior Engineering Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Program Manager
Senior Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Engineer Project Manager
Senior Project Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Systems Engineer Operations Manager Site Manager
Site/Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Engineering Assistant Chief Engineer Engineering Director
Vice President Of Engineering
13 Yearsyrs
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Average Length of Employment
Principal Engineer 4.7 years
Senior Engineer 4.3 years
Staff Engineer 4.3 years
Civil Engineer 4.0 years
Project Engineer 3.4 years
Lead Engineer 3.4 years
Design Engineer 3.4 years
Service Engineer 3.4 years
Systems Engineer 3.2 years
Engineer 3.2 years
Field Engineer 3.1 years
Engineer/Estimator 3.1 years
Water Engineer 3.0 years
Survey Engineer 2.8 years
Site Engineer 2.3 years
Junior Engineer 2.0 years
Graduate Engineer 1.5 years
Student Engineer 1.5 years
Top Employers Before
Internship 21.7%
Engineer 6.9%
Trainee 4.3%
Technician 3.9%
Supervisor 2.6%
Top Employers After
Engineer 11.9%
Consultant 3.1%
Manager 2.3%

Junior Engineer Demographics

Gender

Male

80.0%

Female

15.7%

Unknown

4.3%
Ethnicity

White

58.6%

Asian

24.2%

Hispanic or Latino

11.0%

Unknown

5.1%

Black or African American

1.1%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

36.8%

French

9.6%

Hindi

7.4%

Chinese

7.4%

Mandarin

5.9%

Gujarati

4.4%

Russian

3.7%

Portuguese

3.7%

Italian

2.9%

German

2.9%

Arabic

2.9%

Korean

2.2%

Marathi

1.5%

Cantonese

1.5%

Greek

1.5%

Carrier

1.5%

Amharic

1.5%

Urdu

1.5%

Ukrainian

0.7%

Thai

0.7%
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Junior Engineer Education

Schools

University of Texas at Arlington

8.8%

Rochester Institute of Technology

7.0%

New Jersey Institute of Technology

6.6%

Northeastern University

6.6%

Texas A&M University

6.1%

State University of New York Buffalo

5.7%

Drexel University

5.7%

Clemson University

5.3%

Lamar University

4.8%

University of Phoenix

4.8%

Arizona State University

4.4%

Auburn University

4.4%

Old Dominion University

4.4%

Wentworth Institute of Technology

3.9%

Stevens Institute of Technology

3.9%

California State Polytechnic University - Pomona

3.5%

University of Massachusetts - Lowell

3.5%

University of Texas at Austin

3.5%

George Mason University

3.5%

Georgia Institute of Technology -

3.5%
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Majors

Mechanical Engineering

20.7%

Civil Engineering

18.5%

Electrical Engineering

17.3%

Business

7.6%

Computer Science

4.9%

Engineering

4.2%

Computer Engineering

3.3%

Industrial Engineering

3.0%

Chemical Engineering

2.9%

Information Technology

2.1%

Electrical Engineering Technology

1.9%

Mechanical Engineering Technology

1.8%

Computer Networking

1.8%

Drafting And Design

1.7%

Management

1.6%

Environmental Engineering

1.5%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

1.4%

Engineering And Industrial Management

1.4%

Computer Information Systems

1.3%

Aerospace Engineering

1.3%
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Degrees

Bachelors

44.0%

Masters

30.2%

Other

11.6%

Associate

5.5%

Doctorate

3.4%

Diploma

2.7%

Certificate

2.6%

License

0.1%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary

Real Junior Engineer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Junior Engineer Airbnb, Inc. San Francisco, CA Jan 16, 2015 $115,000
Junior Full Stack Engineer Yesware, Inc. Boston, MA Jul 28, 2014 $115,000
Data Engineer, JR. Engineer .02) Avant, Inc. Chicago, IL Sep 14, 2016 $107,000
Junior Engineer, Product Development Tredegar Film Products Corporation Richmond, VA Mar 09, 2016 $100,000
JR. Search Relevance Engineer Suning Commerce R&D Center Palo Alto, CA Aug 31, 2016 $98,342
Junior Engineer Adi Worldlink, LLC Herndon, VA Oct 01, 2014 $98,000 -
$103,000
Junior Engineer Credit Karma, Inc. San Francisco, CA Aug 16, 2016 $97,000 -
$117,000
Junior Engineer Pacific Controls Inc. Somerset, NJ Mar 23, 2016 $90,730
Data Engineer, JR. Engineer .02) Avant, Inc. Chicago, IL Aug 22, 2016 $90,000
Junior Front-End Engineer Springahead, Inc. San Francisco, CA Aug 29, 2016 $90,000
Data Engineer, JR. Engineer Avant Credit Corporation Chicago, IL Sep 15, 2015 $90,000
Junior Thermal Engineer Altair Productdesign, Inc. Raymond, OH Jan 10, 2016 $88,343
Junior Engineer GBT Us LLC Phoenix, AZ Aug 29, 2016 $75,000
Calibration Engineer Junior IAV Automotive Engineering Inc. Northville, MI Sep 16, 2014 $75,000
Junior Engineer HUEN Electric New Jersey Inc. NJ Dec 09, 2016 $75,000 -
$85,000
JR Engineer Percolate Industries, Inc. New York, NY Sep 06, 2015 $75,000
Junior Pavement Engineer Dynatest North America, Inc. Chicago, IL Sep 13, 2016 $73,500
JR. Engineer Percolate Industries, Inc. New York, NY Sep 16, 2014 $72,000
Senior Junior Engineer Australtek, LLC Bridgeville, PA Sep 09, 2014 $71,136
Engineer Junior Transmission Calibration IAV Automotive Engineering, Inc. Northville, MI Apr 20, 2015 $63,411
Junior Engineer Innova Technologies, Inc. Las Vegas, NV Jan 02, 2016 $63,215
Junior Engineer St. Paper LLC Franklin, VA Sep 26, 2015 $63,000 -
$65,000
Junior Engineer Capital One Construction Group Corp NY Sep 06, 2015 $62,600
Junior Engineer Solomon Rosenzweig, P.E.P.C. New York, NY Sep 14, 2015 $62,600
Junior Engineer Solomon Rosenzweig, P.E.P.C. New York, NY Sep 03, 2015 $62,600

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Top Skills for A Junior Engineer

AutoCADTestProceduresSafetyHardwareDataAnalysisEngineRoomTroubleshootSQLServerWindowsISOHvacDrainageWebControlSystemsCNCSolidworksPLCRoutineProjectManagementTechnicalSupport

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Top Junior Engineer Skills

  1. Auto CAD
  2. Test Procedures
  3. Safety
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Created civil and structural drawings as per the senior engineer design using Auto CAD.
  • Tested communications systems per the documented test procedures and created test discrepancy reports.
  • Supervised two HR Support Personnel; the Safety Department indirectly reported to Human Resources.
  • Implemented coded test programs for hardware/software changes and process changes to increase product yield by 5%-10%.
  • Carried out race engineer requests for new projects, sensors, and data analysis for the given project's budget.

Top Junior Engineer Employers

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