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Become A Junior Engineer

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Working As A Junior Engineer

  • Interacting With Computers
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Mostly Sitting

  • $71,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Junior Engineer Do

Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacturing of electrical equipment, such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, or power generation equipment. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft.

Electronics engineers design and develop electronic equipment, such as broadcast and communications systems, from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPSs). Many also work in areas closely related to computer hardware.

Duties

Electrical engineers typically do the following:

  • Design new ways to use electrical power to develop or improve products
  • Perform detailed calculations to develop manufacturing, construction, and installation standards and specifications
  • Direct the manufacture, installation, and testing of electrical equipment to ensure that products meet specifications and codes
  • Investigate complaints from customers or the public, evaluate problems, and recommend solutions
  • Work with project managers on production efforts to ensure that projects are completed satisfactorily, on time, and within budget

Electronics engineers typically do the following:

  • Design electronic components, software, products, or systems for commercial, industrial, medical, military, or scientific applications
  • Analyze customer needs and determine the requirements, capacity, and cost for developing an electrical system plan
  • Develop maintenance and testing procedures for electronic components and equipment
  • Evaluate systems and recommend design modifications or equipment repair
  • Inspect electronic equipment, instruments, and systems to make sure that they meet safety standards and applicable regulations
  • Plan and develop applications and modifications for electronic properties used in parts and systems in order to improve technical performance

Electronics engineers who work for the federal government research, develop, and evaluate electronic devices used in a variety of areas, such as aviation, computing, transportation, and manufacturing. They work on federal electronic devices and systems, including satellites, flight systems, radar and sonar systems, and communications systems.

The work of electrical engineers and electronics engineers is often similar. Both use engineering and design software and equipment to do engineering tasks. Both types of engineers also must work with other engineers to discuss existing products and possibilities for engineering projects.

Engineers whose work is related exclusively to computer hardware are considered computer hardware engineers.

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How To Become A Junior Engineer

Electrical and electronics engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, so participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience. Having a Professional Engineer (PE) license may improve an engineer’s chances of finding employment.

Education

High school students interested in studying electrical or electronics engineering benefit from taking courses in physics and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting are also helpful, because electrical and electronics engineers often are required to prepare technical drawings.

In order to enter the occupation, prospective electrical and electronics engineers need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Courses include digital systems design, differential equations, and electrical circuit theory. Programs in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology should be accredited by ABET.

Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education. Cooperative programs combine classroom study with practical work. Internships provide similar experience and are growing in number.

At some universities, students can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities, or in research and development.

Important Qualities

Concentration. Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products. They must be able to keep track of multiple design elements and technical characteristics when performing these tasks.

Initiative. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake. In addition, they must engage in continuing education to keep up with changes in technology.

Interpersonal skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to work with others during the manufacturing process to ensure that their plans are implemented correctly. This collaboration includes monitoring technicians and devising remedies to problems as they arise.

Math skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment.

Speaking skills. Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to explain their designs and reasoning clearly and to relay instructions during product development and production. They also may need to explain complex issues to customers who have little or no technical expertise.

Writing skills. Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as electrical and electronics engineers. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam can be taken right after graduation from a college or university. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After getting work experience, EITs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.

Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses to keep their license. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.

Advancement

Electrical and electronic engineers may advance to supervisory positions in which they lead a team of engineers and technicians. Some may move to management positions, working as engineering or program managers. Preparation for managerial positions usually requires working under the guidance of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.

For sales work, an engineering background enables engineers to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.

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Junior Engineer Career Paths

Junior Engineer
Electrical Engineer Program Manager Regional Director
Division Director
9 Yearsyrs
Mechanical Engineer Senior Engineer Senior Electrical Engineer
Electrical Engineer Lead
8 Yearsyrs
Software Engineer Lead Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Engineering/Maintenance Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Process Engineer Processing Manager Team Manager
Group Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Senior Project Manager Solutions Architect
Integration Architect
8 Yearsyrs
Project Manager President Laboratory Assistant
Laboratory Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Mechanical Engineer Senior Mechanical Engineer
Lead Mechanical Engineer
8 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Engineering Manager Operations Manager
Plant Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Software Engineer Engineer Senior Electrical Engineer
Principal Electrical Engineer
14 Yearsyrs
Design Engineer Process Engineer
Process Engineering Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Program Manager Product Manager
Product Marketing Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Civil Engineer Structures Engineer Project Engineer
Quality Control Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Civil Engineer Project Engineer
Senior Electrical Engineer
11 Yearsyrs
Engineer Engineering Manager Operations Manager
Senior Operations Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Engineer Process Engineer Quality Engineer
Senior Quality Engineer
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Senior Software Engineer Lead Technician
Service Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Chief Engineer Operations Manager
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Design Engineer Project Engineer Senior Engineer
Staff Engineer
5 Yearsyrs
Electrical Engineer Engineer Lead Engineer
Team Lead Engineer
5 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Junior Engineer?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Staff Engineer 4.3 years
Senior Engineer 4.2 years
Design Engineer 3.4 years
Lead Engineer 3.3 years
Project Engineer 3.3 years
Engineer 3.2 years
Site Engineer 2.3 years
Junior Engineer 2.0 years
Student Engineer 1.6 years
Graduate Engineer 1.1 years
Top Careers Before Junior Engineer
Internship 22.9%
Engineer 6.9%
Trainee 5.7%
Technician 3.9%
Supervisor 2.5%
Top Careers After Junior Engineer
Engineer 12.9%
Consultant 3.5%
Manager 2.4%

Do you work as a Junior Engineer?

Junior Engineer Demographics

Gender

Male

79.5%

Female

16.3%

Unknown

4.2%
Ethnicity

White

44.4%

Asian

25.1%

Hispanic or Latino

14.9%

Black or African American

8.8%

Unknown

6.8%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

34.6%

French

9.2%

Chinese

7.7%

Hindi

6.9%

Mandarin

6.2%

Gujarati

4.6%

Russian

4.6%

Italian

3.8%

Portuguese

3.1%

German

3.1%

Arabic

3.1%

Korean

2.3%

Marathi

1.5%

Cantonese

1.5%

Greek

1.5%

Carrier

1.5%

Amharic

1.5%

Urdu

1.5%

Ukrainian

0.8%

Thai

0.8%
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Junior Engineer Education

Schools

University of Texas at Arlington

8.8%

Rochester Institute of Technology

7.5%

Northeastern University

6.6%

New Jersey Institute of Technology

6.2%

Texas A&M University

5.8%

State University of New York Buffalo

5.3%

Lamar University

5.3%

University of Phoenix

5.3%

Drexel University

5.3%

Arizona State University

4.4%

Auburn University

4.4%

Old Dominion University

4.4%

Georgia Institute of Technology -

4.4%

University of Massachusetts - Lowell

4.0%

George Mason University

4.0%

Clemson University

4.0%

California State Polytechnic University - Pomona

3.5%

Wentworth Institute of Technology

3.5%

University of Texas at Austin

3.5%

Stevens Institute of Technology

3.5%
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Majors

Mechanical Engineering

20.2%

Civil Engineering

19.2%

Electrical Engineering

17.1%

Business

7.6%

Computer Science

5.0%

Engineering

3.9%

Computer Engineering

3.5%

Industrial Engineering

3.1%

Chemical Engineering

2.9%

Information Technology

2.2%

Electrical Engineering Technology

1.8%

Mechanical Engineering Technology

1.8%

Computer Networking

1.8%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

1.6%

Management

1.5%

Drafting And Design

1.4%

Engineering And Industrial Management

1.4%

Construction Management

1.4%

Computer Information Systems

1.3%

Environmental Engineering

1.3%
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Degrees

Bachelors

43.2%

Masters

30.9%

Other

11.8%

Associate

5.1%

Doctorate

3.4%

Diploma

2.9%

Certificate

2.6%

License

0.1%
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Part Time
Internship
Temporary

Real Junior Engineer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Junior Full Stack Engineer Yesware, Inc. Boston, MA Jul 28, 2014 $115,000
Junior Engineer Airbnb, Inc. San Francisco, CA Jan 16, 2015 $115,000
Data Engineer, JR. Engineer .02) Avant, Inc. Chicago, IL Sep 14, 2016 $107,000
Junior Engineer, Product Development Tredegar Film Products Corporation Richmond, VA Mar 09, 2016 $100,000
JR. Search Relevance Engineer Suning Commerce R&D Center Palo Alto, CA Aug 31, 2016 $98,342
Junior Engineer Adi Worldlink, LLC Herndon, VA Oct 01, 2014 $98,000 -
$103,000
Junior Engineer Credit Karma, Inc. San Francisco, CA Aug 16, 2016 $97,000 -
$117,000
Junior Engineer Pacific Controls Inc. Somerset, NJ Mar 23, 2016 $90,730
Data Engineer, JR. Engineer .02) Avant, Inc. Chicago, IL Aug 22, 2016 $90,000
Junior Front-End Engineer Springahead, Inc. San Francisco, CA Aug 29, 2016 $90,000
Data Engineer, JR. Engineer Avant Credit Corporation Chicago, IL Sep 15, 2015 $90,000
Junior Thermal Engineer Altair Productdesign, Inc. Raymond, OH Jan 10, 2016 $88,343
JR Engineer Percolate Industries, Inc. New York, NY Sep 06, 2015 $75,000
Junior Engineer HUEN Electric New Jersey Inc. NJ Dec 09, 2016 $75,000 -
$85,000
Junior Engineer GBT Us LLC Phoenix, AZ Aug 29, 2016 $75,000
Calibration Engineer Junior IAV Automotive Engineering Inc. Northville, MI Sep 16, 2014 $75,000
Junior Pavement Engineer Dynatest North America, Inc. Chicago, IL Sep 13, 2016 $73,500
JR. Engineer Percolate Industries, Inc. New York, NY Sep 16, 2014 $72,000
Senior Junior Engineer Australtek, LLC Bridgeville, PA Sep 09, 2014 $71,136
Engineer Junior Transmission Calibration IAV Automotive Engineering, Inc. Northville, MI Apr 20, 2015 $63,411
Junior Engineer Innova Technologies, Inc. Las Vegas, NV Jan 02, 2016 $63,215
Junior Engineer St. Paper LLC Franklin, VA Sep 26, 2015 $63,000 -
$65,000
Junior Engineer Solomon Rosenzweig, P.E.P.C. New York, NY Sep 14, 2015 $62,600
Junior Engineer Capital One Construction Group Corp NY Sep 06, 2015 $62,600
Junior Engineer Solomon Rosenzweig, P.E.P.C. New York, NY Sep 03, 2015 $62,600

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AVERAGE SALARY FOR A Junior Engineer

Average Yearly Salary
$71,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$52,000
Min 10%
$71,000
Median 50%
$71,000
Median 50%
$71,000
Median 50%
$71,000
Median 50%
$71,000
Median 50%
$71,000
Median 50%
$71,000
Median 50%
$97,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Apple
Highest Paying City
Novato, CA
Highest Paying State
Alaska
Avg Experience Level
2.1 years
How much does a Junior Engineer make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Junior Engineer in the United States is $71,366 per year or $34 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $52,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $97,000.

How Would You Rate The Salary Of a Junior Engineer?

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Top Skills for A Junior Engineer

  1. Engineering Department
  2. Procedures
  3. Data Collection
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Assigned to environmental engineering department, but also worked closely with Mechanical, Safety, and Maintenance departments.
  • Managed product design feasibility and development, production standards, and quality control procedures for products.
  • Conducted Physical Property data collection of different types of solvent.
  • Calculated estimated quantities of construction materials for engineering projects using Visual Lisp in AutoCAD.
  • Scheduled periodic engine room maintenance.

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Top 10 Best States for Junior Engineers

  1. California
  2. Alaska
  3. Virginia
  4. Texas
  5. Connecticut
  6. Massachusetts
  7. Minnesota
  8. New Mexico
  9. Louisiana
  10. Washington
  • (6,860 jobs)
  • (73 jobs)
  • (2,060 jobs)
  • (2,910 jobs)
  • (545 jobs)
  • (1,462 jobs)
  • (714 jobs)
  • (219 jobs)
  • (246 jobs)
  • (1,316 jobs)

Top Junior Engineer Employers

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Jobs From Top Junior Engineer Employers

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