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Become A Justice

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Working As A Justice

  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Getting Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Training and Teaching Others
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Make Decisions

  • $70,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Justice Do

Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and career and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.

Duties

Postsecondary teachers typically do the following:

  • Teach courses in their subject area
  • Work with students who are taking classes to improve their knowledge or career skills
  • Develop an instructional plan (known as a course outline or syllabus) for the course(s) they teach and ensure that it meets college and department standards
  • Plan lessons and assignments
  • Work with colleagues to develop or modify the curriculum for a degree or certificate program involving a series of courses
  • Assess students’ progress by grading assignments, papers, exams, and other work
  • Advise students about which classes to take and how to achieve their goals
  • Stay informed about changes and innovations in their field
  • Conduct research and experiments to advance knowledge in their field
  • Supervise graduate students who are working toward doctoral degrees
  • Publish original research and analysis in books and academic journals
  • Serve on academic and administrative committees that review and recommend policies, make budget decisions, or advise on hiring and promotions within their department

Postsecondary teachers, often referred to as professors or faculty, specialize in a variety of subjects and fields. Some teach academic subjects, such as English or philosophy. Others focus on career-related subjects, such as law, nursing, or culinary arts.

At colleges and universities, professors are organized into departments that specialize in a subject, such as history, science, business, or music. A professor may teach one or more courses within that department. For example, a mathematics professor may teach calculus, statistics, and a graduate seminar in a very specific area of mathematics.

Postsecondary teachers’ duties vary with their positions in a university or college. In large colleges or universities, they may spend their time teaching, conducting research or experiments, applying for grants to fund their research, or supervising graduate teaching assistants who are teaching classes.

Postsecondary teachers who work in small colleges and universities or in community colleges often spend more time teaching classes and working with students. They may spend some time conducting research, but they do not have as much time to devote to it.

Full-time professors, particularly those who have tenure (a professor who cannot be fired without just cause), often are expected to spend more time on their research. They also may be expected to serve on more college and university committees.

Part-time professors, often known as adjunct professors, spend most of their time teaching students.

Professors may teach large classes of several hundred students (often with the help of graduate teaching assistants), smaller classes of about 40 to 50 students, seminars with just a few students, or laboratories where students practice the subject matter. They work with an increasingly varied student population as more part-time, older, and culturally diverse students are going to postsecondary schools.

Professors need to keep up with developments in their field by reading scholarly articles, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences. A tenured professor must do original research, such as experiments, document analysis, or critical reviews, and publish their findings.

Some postsecondary teachers work for online universities or teach online classes. They use websites to present lessons and information, to assign and accept students’ work, and to participate in course discussions. Online professors communicate with students by email and by phone and might never meet their students in person.

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How To Become A Justice

Educational requirements vary with the subject taught and the type of educational institution. Most commonly, postsecondary teachers must have a Ph.D. However, a master's degree may be enough for some postsecondary teachers at community colleges. In career and technical schools, work experience may be important for getting a postsecondary teaching job.

Education

Postsecondary teachers who work for 4-year colleges and universities typically need a doctoral degree in their field. Some schools may hire those with a master’s degree or those who are doctoral degree candidates for some specialties, such as fine arts, or for some part-time positions.

Doctoral programs generally take multiple years after the completion of a bachelor’s degree program. They spend time completing a master’s degree and then writing a doctoral dissertation, which is a paper presenting original research in the student’s field of study. Candidates usually specialize in a subfield, such as organic chemistry or European history.

Community colleges or career and technical schools also may hire those with a master’s degree. However, in some fields, there are more applicants than available positions. In these situations, institutions can be more selective, and they frequently choose applicants who have a Ph.D. over those with a master’s degree.

Postsecondary teachers who teach career and technical education courses, such as culinary arts or cosmetology, may not be required to have graduate-level education. At a minimum they must hold the degree of the program in which they are teaching. For example, the teacher must hold an associate’s degree if they teach a program that is at the associate’s degree level. In addition, work experience or certification may be just as important as education for getting a postsecondary teaching job at a career or technical school.

Other Experience

Some institutions may prefer to hire those with teaching or other work experience, but this is not a requirement for all fields or for all employers.

In health specialties, art, or education fields, hands-on work experience in the industry can be important. Postsecondary teachers in these fields often gain experience by working in an occupation related to their field of expertise.

In fields such as biological science, physics, and chemistry, some postsecondary teachers have postdoctoral research experience. These short-term jobs, sometimes called “post-docs,” usually involve working for 2 to 3 years as a research associate or in a similar position, often at a college or university.

Some postsecondary teachers gain teaching experience by working as graduate teaching assistants—students who are enrolled in a graduate program and teach classes in the institution in which they are enrolled.

Some postsecondary teachers, especially adjunct professors, have another job in addition to teaching.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Postsecondary teachers who prepare students for an occupation that requires a license, certification, or registration, may need to have—or they may benefit from having—the same credential. For example, a postsecondary nursing teacher might need a nursing license or a postsecondary education teacher might need a teaching license.

Advancement

A major goal for postsecondary teachers with a doctoral degree is attaining a tenure—a guarantee that a professor cannot be fired without just cause. It can take up to 7 years of moving up the ranks in tenure-track positions. The ranks are assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. Tenure is granted through a review of the candidate’s research, contribution to the institution, and teaching.

Tenure and tenure track positions are declining as institutions are relying more heavily on part-time faculty.

Some tenured professors advance to administrative positions, such as dean or president. For information on deans and other administrative positions, see the profile on postsecondary education administrators. For more information about college and university presidents, see the profile on top executives.

Important Qualities

Critical-thinking skills. To challenge established theories and beliefs, conduct original research, and design experiments, postsecondary teachers need good critical-thinking skills.

Interpersonal skills. Most postsecondary teachers need to be able to work well with others and must have good communication skills to serve on committees and give lectures.

Resourcefulness. Postsecondary teachers need to be able to present information in a way that students will understand. They need to adapt to the different learning styles of their students and teach students who have little or no experience with the subject.

Speaking skills. Postsecondary teachers need good communication skills to give lectures.

Writing skills. Most postsecondary teachers need to be skilled writers to publish original research and analysis.

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Justice Career Paths

Justice
Attorney
Partner
6 Yearsyrs
Case Manager
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Assistant Manager
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Supervisor
Owner
7 Yearsyrs
Consultant
Project Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Manager
Account Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Contract Attorney
Principal
11 Yearsyrs
Team Leader
Vice President
6 Yearsyrs
Owner
Co-Owner
6 Yearsyrs
Program Manager
Executive Director
10 Yearsyrs
Office Manager
Business Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Project Manager
Product Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Adjunct Professor
Board Member
5 Yearsyrs
Investigator
Security Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Officer
Superintendent
8 Yearsyrs
Store Manager
Service Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Chairperson
Board Of Directors Member
8 Yearsyrs
Staff Attorney
Contracts Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Adjunct Instructor
Information Technology Manager
7 Yearsyrs
General Counsel
Founding Partner
7 Yearsyrs
Owner/Operator
Operations Director
9 Yearsyrs
Administrator
Business Office Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Consultant
Senior Vice President
13 Yearsyrs
Shift Supervisor
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Board Member
Advisory Board Member
5 Yearsyrs
Leader
President And Founder
5 Yearsyrs
Account Manager
Assistant Vice President
7 Yearsyrs
Operations Manager
Chief Operating Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Accountant
Accounts Receivable Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Partner
Chief Executive Officer
8 Yearsyrs
Treasurer
Executive Vice President
11 Yearsyrs
Human Resources Manager
Director Of Human Resources
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Project Manager
Information Technology Director
10 Yearsyrs
Founder
Chief Technology Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Principal
Senior Director
13 Yearsyrs
Senior Counselor
Clinical Director
9 Yearsyrs
Owner/Manager
Facilities Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Assistant Store Manager
Center Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Superintendent
Quality Assurance Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Shift Manager
Unit Manager
6 Yearsyrs
General Manager
Regional Director
9 Yearsyrs
Clinical Social Worker
Health Services Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Program Analyst
Deputy Program Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Property Manager
Communications Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Technician Specialist
Nursing Director
9 Yearsyrs
Committee Chairperson
Associate Director
8 Yearsyrs
Personnel Specialist
Senior Human Resources Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Co-Founder
Founder And Director
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Advisor
Deputy Director
9 Yearsyrs
Service Supervisor
Service Director
9 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Justice?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Police Justice 3.3 years
Justice 3.0 years
Associate Justice 1.5 years
Trial Justice 1.4 years
Top Careers Before Justice
Internship 17.8%
Volunteer 7.9%
Cashier 5.6%
Law Clerk 5.5%
Teacher 3.6%
Paralegal 3.2%
Secretary 3.1%
Counselor 2.9%
Top Careers After Justice
Internship 12.6%
Law Clerk 7.3%
Volunteer 6.9%
Attorney 5.6%
Associate 4.4%
Cashier 4.4%
Teacher 3.2%
Consultant 3.2%

Do you work as a Justice?

Justice Demographics

Gender

Female

49.7%

Male

39.4%

Unknown

10.9%
Ethnicity

White

58.4%

Hispanic or Latino

15.4%

Black or African American

14.2%

Asian

8.1%

Unknown

3.9%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

53.6%

French

11.1%

Chinese

4.2%

Arabic

4.0%

Mandarin

3.4%

German

3.4%

Italian

3.1%

Portuguese

2.9%

Russian

2.7%

Korean

2.5%

Hindi

1.3%

Cantonese

1.3%

Japanese

1.3%

Urdu

1.0%

Vietnamese

0.8%

Greek

0.8%

Hebrew

0.8%

Ukrainian

0.6%

Amharic

0.6%

Polish

0.6%
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Justice Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

14.3%

American University

9.6%

Strayer University

6.8%

George Washington University

6.5%

Florida State University

6.4%

Georgetown University

5.0%

University of Maryland - College Park

4.8%

University of Maryland - University College

4.6%

New York Law School

4.2%

Liberty University

3.8%

Howard University

3.8%

Capella University

3.8%

Arizona State University

3.6%

Prince George's Community College

3.4%

Temple University

3.3%

The Academy

3.3%

George Mason University

3.3%

Fordham University

3.2%

University of Georgia

3.1%

Webster University

3.1%
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Majors

Law

20.6%

Criminal Justice

16.9%

Business

12.6%

Social Work

6.2%

Psychology

6.1%

Political Science

5.1%

Sociology

3.3%

Education

3.3%

Communication

2.9%

Legal Support Services

2.8%

Nursing

2.4%

Legal Research And Advanced Professional Studies

2.4%

Accounting

2.3%

History

2.1%

Human Services

2.0%

School Counseling

1.9%

Management

1.9%

Public Administration

1.9%

Computer Science

1.8%

Counseling Psychology

1.7%
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Degrees

Bachelors

34.5%

Masters

22.0%

Other

16.9%

Doctorate

15.8%

Associate

6.1%

Certificate

3.6%

Diploma

1.0%

License

0.1%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary
Average Yearly Salary
$70,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$33,000
Min 10%
$70,000
Median 50%
$70,000
Median 50%
$70,000
Median 50%
$70,000
Median 50%
$70,000
Median 50%
$70,000
Median 50%
$70,000
Median 50%
$145,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Harris County
Highest Paying City
Omaha, NE
Highest Paying State
North Dakota
Avg Experience Level
2.7 years
How much does a Justice make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Justice in the United States is $70,367 per year or $34 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $33,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $145,000.

How Would You Rate The Salary Of a Justice?

Have you worked as a Justice? Help other job seekers by rating your experience as a Justice.

Top Skills for A Justice

  1. Procedures
  2. Legal Documents
  3. Facility
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Manage the development and implementation of global security policy, standards, guidelines and procedures to ensure ongoing maintenance of security.
  • Key Activities Included: * Reviewing incoming legal documents, using designated web sites, and data forms for specific information.
  • Patrolled entire correctional facility area periodically to prevent escapes and maintained order.
  • Collected quantitative and qualitative data to evaluate USDOJ's efforts of advancing community development through public safety and crime prevention.
  • Provide laptops/desktops technical support to over 1600 government personnel.

How Would You Rate Working As a Justice?

Are you working as a Justice? Help us rate Justice as a Career.

Top Justice Employers

Jobs From Top Justice Employers

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