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Medical laboratory technologists typically need a bachelor’s degree. Technicians usually need an associate’s degree or a postsecondary certificate. Some states require technologists and technicians to be licensed.Education
An entry-level job for technologists usually requires a bachelor's degree in medical technology or life sciences.
A bachelor’s degree program in medical laboratory technology, also known as a medical laboratory scientist degree, includes courses in chemistry, biology, microbiology, math, and statistics. Coursework emphasizes laboratory skills, including safety procedures and lab management.
The courses may be offered through a university or hospital-based program that students attend during their senior year of college. College graduates who major in other sciences and meet a program’s prerequisites, such as having completed required courses in biology and chemistry or maintaining a certain GPA, also may apply to a medical laboratory science program.
Medical laboratory technicians often complete an associate’s degree program in clinical laboratory science. A limited number of 1-year certificate programs are available from hospitals, and admission requirements vary. The Armed Forces and vocational or technical schools also may offer certificate programs for medical laboratory technicians. Technician coursework addresses the theoretical and practical aspects of each of the major laboratory disciplines.
High school students who are interested in pursuing a career in the medical laboratory sciences should take classes in chemistry, biology, and math.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Some states require laboratory personnel to be licensed. Requirements vary by state and specialty. For specific requirements, contact state departments of health, state boards of occupational licensing, or visit The American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.
Certification of medical laboratory technologists and technicians is required for licensure in some states. Although certification is not required to enter the occupation in all cases, employers typically prefer to hire certified technologists and technicians.
Medical laboratory technologists and technicians can obtain a general certification as a medical laboratory technologist or technician, respectively, or a certification in a specialty, such as cytotechnology or medical biology. Most credentialing institutions require that technologists complete an accredited education program in order to qualify to sit for an exam. For more credentialing information, visit the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.Important Qualities
Ability to use technology. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians must understand how to operate complex machinery.
Detail oriented. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians must follow exact instructions in order to perform tests or procedures correctly.
Dexterity. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians need to be skilled with their hands. They work closely with needles and precise laboratory instruments and must handle these tools effectively.
Physical stamina. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians may work on their feet for long periods while collecting samples. They may need to lift or turn disabled patients to collect samples for testing.Advancement
After additional education, work experience, or certification, technologists and technicians may specialize in one of many areas of laboratory science, such as immunology, histotechnology, or clinical chemistry. Some medical laboratory technicians advance to technologist positions after gaining experience and additional education.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Laboratory Coordinator
Top Careers After Laboratory Coordinator
Hispanic or Latino11.5%
Black or African American0.8%
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University of Phoenix8.8%
Pennsylvania State University7.4%
Texas A&M University7.4%
University of Colorado at Boulder6.9%
Oklahoma State University5.5%
University of Alabama5.1%
Georgia State University5.1%
Johns Hopkins University5.1%
George Washington University4.1%
University of Cincinnati4.1%
University of Kentucky4.1%
Iowa State University4.1%
University of Texas at Arlington3.7%
University of Iowa3.7%
University of Georgia3.7%
Colorado State University3.7%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Laboratory Coordinator||DAL-Tile Corporation||Dallas, TX||Oct 01, 2013||$71,400 -
|Lab Coordinator||The Salk Institute for Biological Studies||San Diego, CA||Aug 01, 2014||$70,746|
|Senior Lab Coordinator||Janssen Research & Development, LLC||San Diego, CA||Aug 25, 2016||$67,500|
|Pihoa Regional Laboratory Coordinator||Research Corporation of The University of Hawaii||Jan 01, 2011||$64,584|
|Technical Laboratory Coordinator||Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station||College Station, TX||Dec 07, 2012||$63,000|
|ECE Laboratory Coordinator||Southern Illinois University Carbondale||Carbondale, IL||Sep 23, 2012||$62,724|
|SR. Laboratory Coordinator||The Johns Hopkins University||Baltimore, MD||Jan 04, 2016||$61,600|
|Medical Technologist Lab Coordinator||Adventist Health System/Sunbelt Inc.||Altamonte Springs, FL||Jul 16, 2015||$61,003|
|Medical Technologist, Lab Coordinator||Adventist Health System/Sunbelt Inc.||Altamonte Springs, FL||Jul 15, 2014||$61,003|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania||Philadelphia, PA||Jun 01, 2015||$57,000|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Johns Hopkins University-Homewood Campus||Baltimore, MD||Aug 05, 2011||$56,100|
|Instructor/Laboratory Coordinator||Marquette University||Milwaukee, WI||Aug 17, 2016||$55,514|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Mount Sinai Medical Center||New York, NY||Mar 24, 2014||$55,000|
|Lab Coordinator||Columbia University||New York, NY||Apr 01, 2015||$55,000|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Access Bio, Inc.||Somerset, NJ||Aug 17, 2011||$55,000|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Access Bio, Inc.||Somerset, NJ||Aug 16, 2011||$55,000|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Piramal Critical Care, Inc.||Bethlehem, PA||Aug 28, 2016||$50,297|
|Instructor/Laboratory Coordinator||Marquette University||Milwaukee, WI||Aug 23, 2010||$50,000|
|Instructor & Laboratory Coordinator||Tuskegee University||Tuskegee, AL||Dec 15, 2009||$50,000|
|BIO Cassava Plus Laboratory Coordinator||Donald Danforth Plant Science Center||Saint Louis, MO||Oct 13, 2011||$49,546|
|Laboratory Coordinator III||Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai||New York, NY||Aug 08, 2016||$48,000 -
|Molecular Biology Laboratory Coordinator||St. Cloud State University||Saint Cloud, MN||Jan 08, 2016||$47,514|
|Laboratory Coordinator||Mount Sinai Medical Center||New York, NY||Dec 06, 2013||$47,380|
|Laboratory Coordinator and Lecturer||Elon University||SC||Aug 27, 2012||$46,600|
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