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Become A Landscape Architect

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Working As A Landscape Architect

  • Thinking Creatively
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Mostly Sitting

  • $60,873

    Average Salary

What Does A Landscape Architect Do

Landscape architects design parks and the outdoor spaces of campuses, recreational facilities, private homes, and other open spaces.

Duties

Landscape architects typically do the following:

  • Meet with clients, engineers, and building architects to understand the requirements of a project
  • Prepare site plans, specifications, and cost estimates
  • Coordinate the arrangement of existing and proposed land features and structures
  • Prepare graphic representations of plans using computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) software
  • Select appropriate materials for use in landscape designs
  • Analyze environmental reports on land conditions, such as drainage and energy usage
  • Inspect landscape project progress to ensure that it adheres to plans
  • Seek new work through marketing activities or by giving presentations

Landscape architects design attractive and functional public parks, gardens, playgrounds, residential areas, college campuses, and public spaces. They also plan the locations of buildings, roads, walkways, flowers, shrubs, and trees within these environments. Landscape architects design these areas so that they are not only easy to use but also harmonious with the natural environment.

Landscape architects use several different technologies in their work. For example, using computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) software, landscape architects prepare models of their proposed work. They present these models to clients for feedback and then prepare the final look of the project. Many landscape architects also use geographic information systems (GIS) which offer GPS coordinates of different geographical features. This helps landscape architects design different environments by giving them clues on where to start planning and how to anticipate future effects of the landscape, such as rainfall running into a valley.

The goals of landscape architects are to enhance the natural beauty of a space and provide environmental benefits. They may plan the restoration of natural places that were changed by humans or nature, such as wetlands, streams, and mined areas. They may also design “green roofs” or rooftop gardens that can retain storm water, absorb air pollution, and cool buildings while also providing pleasant scenery. Landscape architects also play a role in preserving and restoring historic landscapes. Landscape architects and architects sometimes work together to create historic memorials, such as the World War II memorial in Washington, D.C.

Landscape architects who work for government agencies design sites and landscapes for government buildings, parks, and other public lands, as well as plan for landscapes and recreation areas in national parks and forests. In addition, they prepare environmental impact assessments based on proposed construction.

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How To Become A Landscape Architect

All states except for Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, and Washington, D.C. require landscape architects to have a license. In addition, all 50 states (but not Washington, D.C.) require applicants to be licensed before they can use the title “landscape architect” while soliciting business. Licensing requirements vary among states, but usually include a degree in landscape architecture from an accredited school, internship experience, and passing the Landscape Architect Registration Examination.

Education

A bachelor's or master's degree in landscape architecture usually is necessary for entry into the profession. There are two undergraduate landscape architect professional degrees: a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture (BLA) and a Bachelor of Science in Landscape Architecture (BSLA). These programs usually require 4 to 5 years of study.

Accredited programs are approved by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board (LAAB). Those with an undergraduate degree in a field other than landscape architecture may enroll in a Master of Landscape Architecture (MLA) graduate degree program, which typically takes 3 years of full-time study.

Courses typically include surveying, landscape design and construction, landscape ecology, site design, and urban and regional planning. Other relevant coursework may include history of landscape architecture, plant and soil science, geology, professional practice, and general management.

The design studio is a key component of any curriculum. Whenever possible, students are assigned real projects, providing them with valuable hands-on experience. While working on these projects, students become proficient in the use of computer-aided design and drafting (CADD), model building, and other design software.

Training

In order to become licensed, candidates must meet experience requirements determined by each state. A list of training requirements can be found at the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards.

New hires are called intern landscape architects until they become licensed. Although duties vary with the type and size of the employing firm, interns typically must work under the supervision of a licensed landscape architect for the experience to count toward licensure. In addition, all drawings and specifications must be signed and sealed by the licensed landscape architect.

Potential prospects may benefit by completing an internship with a landscape architecture firm during educational studies. Interns may improve their technical skills and gain an understanding of the day-to-day operations of the business, including learning how to recruit clients, generate fees, and work within a budget.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

All states, except for Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, and Washington, D.C., require landscape architects to be licensed in order to practice. In addition, all 50 states (but not Washington, D.C.) require applicants to be licensed before they can use the title “landscape architect” while soliciting business. Licensing is based on candidates passing the Landscape Architect Registration Examination (LARE), which is sponsored by the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards.

Candidates who are interested in taking the exam usually need a degree from an accredited school and several years of work experience under the supervision of a licensed landscape architect, although standards vary by state. For those without an accredited landscape architecture degree, many states provide alternative paths to qualify to take the LARE, which usually require more work experience.

In addition to the LARE, some states have their own registration exam to test for competency on state-specific issues, such as earthquakes in California or hurricanes in Florida. State-specific exams may focus on laws, environmental regulations, plants, soils, climate, and other characteristics unique to the state.

Because requirements for licensure vary, landscape architects may find it difficult to transfer their registration from one state to another. Common requirements include graduating from an accredited program, completing several years of an internship under the supervision of a licensed landscape architect, and passing the LARE. By meeting national requirements, a landscape architect may also obtain certification from the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards, which may be useful in getting a license in another state.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Landscape architects must understand the content of designs. When designing a building’s drainage system, for example, landscape architects must understand how the building’s location and surrounding land affect each other.

Communication skills. Landscape architects share their ideas, both orally and in writing, with clients, other architects, and workers who help prepare drawings. Effective communication is essential to ensuring that the vision for a project gets translated into reality.

Creativity. Landscape architects create the overall look of gardens, parks, and other outdoor areas. Their designs should be both pleasing to the eye and functional.

Problem-solving skills. When designing outdoor spaces, landscape architects must be able to provide solutions to unanticipated challenges. These solutions often involve looking at challenges from different perspectives and providing the best recommendations.

Technical skills. Landscape architects use computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) programs to create representations of their projects. Some also must use geographic information systems (GIS) for their designs.

Visualization skills. Landscape architects must be able to imagine how an overall outdoor space will look once completed.

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Landscape Architect Demographics

Gender

Male

73.0%

Female

24.6%

Unknown

2.4%
Ethnicity

White

63.9%

Hispanic or Latino

12.2%

Black or African American

11.4%

Asian

9.4%

Unknown

3.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

48.0%

French

16.0%

Japanese

12.0%

Chinese

4.0%

Venetian

4.0%

Mandarin

4.0%

Polish

4.0%

Thai

4.0%

Italian

4.0%
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Landscape Architect Education

Schools

University of Georgia

12.2%

Iowa State University

10.2%

Ball State University

7.1%

Pennsylvania State University

6.6%

West Virginia University

6.6%

Mississippi State University

6.1%

Michigan State University

5.6%

Utah State University

5.1%

Louisiana State University and A&M College

4.6%

University of Florida

4.6%

State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry

4.6%

Ohio State University

3.6%

University of Arizona

3.6%

Cornell University

3.6%

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

3.6%

Texas Tech University

3.1%

University of Massachusetts Amherst

2.6%

Colorado State University

2.6%

Arizona State University

2.0%

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

2.0%
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Majors

Landscape Architecture

62.0%

Business

7.3%

Architecture

3.5%

Urban Planning

3.3%

Applied Horticulture

2.8%

Environmental Design

2.3%

Fine Arts

1.8%

Communication

1.8%

Education

1.5%

Plant Sciences

1.5%

English

1.5%

Marketing

1.5%

Photography

1.3%

General Studies

1.3%

Psychology

1.3%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

1.3%

Construction Management

1.3%

Liberal Arts

1.0%

Management

1.0%

Environmental Science

1.0%
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Degrees

Bachelors

51.2%

Masters

22.1%

Other

17.4%

Associate

5.1%

Certificate

3.0%

Doctorate

0.8%

Diploma

0.4%
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Real Landscape Architect Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Landscape Architect. Greenlanders Group, Inc. Fort Lauderdale, FL Jan 14, 2016 $86,133
Landscape Architect Richard Krumwiede Inc. Rancho Cucamonga, CA Sep 15, 2015 $84,127
Landscape Architect James Corner Field Operations New York, NY Feb 27, 2016 $83,000
Landscape Architect Rios Associates Inc., DBA/Rios Clementi Hale Studio Los Angeles, CA Jul 13, 2016 $77,792
Mid-Level Landscape Architect-Associate Sasaki Associates, Inc. Watertown Town, MA Sep 16, 2015 $75,000
Landscape Architect Ecografx, Inc. San Luis Obispo, CA Jan 09, 2016 $75,000
Landscape Architect Wallace Roberts & Todd LLC San Francisco, CA Apr 18, 2016 $74,000
Landscape Architect Rabben/Herman Design Office Newport Beach, CA Jun 22, 2016 $72,100
Landscape Architect Staff Member Starr Whitehouse Landscape Architects & Planners, PLLC New York, NY Apr 15, 2016 $72,000
Mid-Level Landscape Architect-Associate Sasaki Associates Watertown Town, MA Feb 23, 2015 $70,741
Associate Landscape Architect GLS Landscape/Architecture San Francisco, CA Feb 25, 2015 $70,000
Associate Landscape Architect GLS Landscape/Architecture San Francisco, CA Jan 10, 2016 $70,000
JR Landscape Architect Thomas Balsley Associate Landscape Architecture PLLC New York, NY Sep 19, 2016 $58,000
JR Landscape Architect Thomas Balsley Associate Landscape Architecture PLLC New York, NY Feb 08, 2016 $58,000
Landscape Architect Lee and Associates, Inc. Washington, DC Sep 07, 2015 $57,000
Landscape Architect Black Jungle Enterprises, Inc. North Miami, FL Sep 18, 2015 $56,599
Landscape Architect Black Jungle Enterprises, Inc. North Miami, FL Sep 18, 2015 $56,410
Landscape Architect Raymond Jungles, Inc. Miami, FL Feb 10, 2016 $56,306
Landscape Architect Sasaki Associates, Inc. Watertown Town, MA Aug 27, 2015 $52,520
Landscape Architect Landdesign, Inc. Alexandria, VA Jan 09, 2016 $52,499
Landscape Architect Landscape Architecture Bureau LLC Washington, DC Aug 31, 2016 $52,499 -
$54,200
Landscape Architect EPT Design, Inc. Pasadena, CA Mar 21, 2015 $52,467
Landscape Architect Design Workshop, Inc. Denver, CO Feb 09, 2015 $52,437
Landscape Architect I Perkins + Will, Inc. Minneapolis, MN Jan 09, 2016 $52,000
Landscape Architect Sasaki Associates, Inc. Watertown Town, MA Aug 22, 2015 $51,314

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Top Skills for A Landscape Architect

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  1. Architects
  2. Construction Document Production
  3. Concept
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Collaborated with landscape architects and engineers on a bike/pedestrian trail design project.
  • Participated in almost 20 residential design projects from concept design to completing construction documents.
  • Project Involvement Master Planning/Planned Unit Developments:.
  • Completed several seminars at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in AutoCAD and graphics.
  • Prepared design concepts, site plans, planting plans, grading plans, specifications, construction details and presentations.

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Top 10 Best States for Landscape Architects

  1. Virginia
  2. District of Columbia
  3. Alaska
  4. New York
  5. Connecticut
  6. Nevada
  7. California
  8. New Jersey
  9. Missouri
  10. Rhode Island
  • (250 jobs)
  • (64 jobs)
  • (7 jobs)
  • (274 jobs)
  • (67 jobs)
  • (39 jobs)
  • (632 jobs)
  • (207 jobs)
  • (86 jobs)
  • (12 jobs)

Top Landscape Architect Employers

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Jobs From Top Landscape Architect Employers

Landscape Architect Videos

Eddie George on Careers in Landscape Architecture

Laurie Olin on Skills of a Landscape Architect

Expectation and Reality: Life as a Landscape Architect

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