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Working As A Lawyer

  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Make Decisions

  • Stressful

  • $106,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Lawyer Do

Lawyers advise and represent individuals, businesses, and government agencies on legal issues and disputes. 

Duties

Lawyers typically do the following:

  • Advise and represent clients in courts, before government agencies, and in private legal matters
  • Communicate with their clients, colleagues, judges and others involved in the case
  • Conduct research and analysis of legal problems
  • Interpret laws, rulings, and regulations for individuals and businesses
  • Present facts in writing and verbally to their clients or others and argue on behalf of their clients
  • Prepare and file legal documents, such as lawsuits, appeals, wills, contracts, and deeds

Lawyers, also called attorneys, act as both advocates and advisors.

As advocates, they represent one of the parties in criminal or civil trials by presenting evidence and arguing in support of their client.

As advisors, lawyers counsel their clients about their legal rights and obligations and suggest courses of action in business and personal matters. All attorneys research the intent of laws and judicial decisions and apply the laws to the specific circumstances that their clients face. 

Lawyers often oversee the work of support staff, such as paralegals and legal assistants. 

Lawyers may have different titles and different duties, depending on where they work.

While working in a law firm, lawyers, sometimes called associates, perform legal work for individuals or businesses. Some attorneys who work at law firms, such as criminal law attorneys or defense attorneys, represent and defend the accused.

Attorneys also work for federal, state, and local governments. Prosecutors typically work for the government to file a lawsuit, or charge, against an individual or corporation accused of violating the law. Some may also work as public defense attorneys and represent individuals who could not afford to hire their own private attorney.

Others may work as government counsels for administrative bodies of government and executive or legislative branches. They write and interpret laws and regulations and set up procedures to enforce them. Government counsels also write legal reviews on agencies' decisions. They argue civil and criminal cases on behalf of the government.

Corporate counsels, also called in-house counsels, are lawyers who work for corporations. They advise a corporation's executives about legal issues related to the corporation's business activities. These issues may involve patents, government regulations, contracts with other companies, property interests, taxes, or collective-bargaining agreements with unions.

Legal aid lawyers work for private, nonprofit organizations that work to help disadvantaged people. They generally handle civil cases, such as those about leases, job discrimination, and wage disputes, rather than criminal cases.

In addition to working in different industries, lawyers often specialize in a particular area. The following are just some examples of the different types of lawyers that specialize in specific legal areas:

Environmental lawyers deal with issues and regulations that are related to the environment. They may represent advocacy groups, waste disposal companies, and government agencies to make sure they comply with the relevant laws.

Tax lawyers handle a variety of tax-related issues for individuals and corporations. Tax lawyers may help clients navigate complex tax regulations, so that they pay the appropriate tax on items such as income, profits, or property. For example, they may advise a corporation on how much tax it needs to pay from profits made in different states to comply with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) rules.

Intellectual property lawyers deal with the laws related to inventions, patents, trademarks, and creative works, such as music, books, and movies. An intellectual property lawyer may advise a client about whether it is okay to use published material in the client’s forthcoming book.

Family lawyers handle a variety of legal issues that pertain to the family. They may advise clients regarding divorce, child custody, and adoption proceedings.

Securities lawyers work on legal issues arising from the buying and selling of stocks, ensuring that all disclosure requirements are met. They may advise corporations that are interested in listing in the stock exchange through an initial public offering (IPO) or in buying shares in another corporation.

Litigation lawyers handle all lawsuits and disputes between parties. These could be disputes over contracts, personal injuries, or real estate and property. Litigation lawyers may specialize in a certain area, such as personal injury law, or may be a general lawyer for all types of disputes and lawsuits.

Some attorneys become teachers in law schools. For more information on law school professors, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

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How To Become A Lawyer

All lawyers must have a law degree and must also typically pass a state’s written bar examination.

Education

Becoming a lawyer usually takes 7 years of full-time study after high school—4 years of undergraduate study, followed by 3 years of law school. Most states and jurisdictions require lawyers to complete a juris doctor (J.D.) degree from a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA). ABA accreditation signifies that the law school—particularly its curricula and faculty—meets certain standards.

A bachelor’s degree is required for entry into most law schools, and courses in English, public speaking, government, history, economics, and mathematics are useful.

Almost all law schools, particularly those approved by the ABA, require applicants to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). This test measures applicants’ aptitude for the study of law.

A J.D. degree program includes courses such as constitutional law, contracts, property law, civil procedure, and legal writing. Law students may choose specialized courses in areas such as tax, labor, and corporate law.

Licenses

Prospective lawyers take licensing exams called "bar exams." When a lawyer receives their license to practice law, they are "admitted to the bar."

To practice law in any state, a person must be admitted to the state’s bar under rules established by the jurisdiction’s highest court. The requirements vary by individual states and jurisdictions. For more details on individual state and jurisdiction requirements, visit the National Conference of Bar Examiners.

Most states require that applicants graduate from an ABA-accredited law school, pass one or more written bar exams, and be found by an admitting board to have the character to represent and advise others. Prior felony convictions, academic misconduct, or a history of substance abuse are just some factors that may disqualify an applicant from being admitted to the bar.

Lawyers who want to practice in more than one state often must take the bar exam in each state.

After graduation, lawyers must keep informed about legal developments that affect their practices. Almost all states require lawyers to participate in continuing legal education either every year or every 3 years. 

Many law schools and state and local bar associations provide continuing legal education courses that help lawyers stay current with recent developments. Courses vary by state and generally cover a subject within the practice of law, such as legal ethics, taxes and tax fraud, and healthcare. Some states allow lawyers to take their continuing education credits through online courses. 

Advancement

Newly hired attorneys usually start as associates and work with more experienced lawyers. After several years, some lawyers may be admitted to partnership of their firm, which means they become partial owners of the firm.

After gaining a few years of work experience, some lawyers go into practice for themselves or move to the legal department of a large corporation. Very few in-house attorneys are hired directly out of law school.

A small number of experienced lawyers are nominated or elected to judgeships. Other lawyers may become full-time law school faculty and administrators. For more information about judges and law school faculty, see the profile on judges and hearing officers and the profile on postsecondary teachers.

Other Experience

Law students often gain practical experience by participating in school-sponsored legal clinics, in a school’s moot court competitions, in practice trials under the supervision of experienced lawyers and judges, and through research and writing on legal issues for a school’s law journals.

Part-time jobs or summer internships in law firms, government agencies, and corporate legal departments also provide valuable experience. Some smaller firms, government agencies, and public interest organizations may hire students as summer associate interns after they have completed their first year at law school. Many larger firms’ summer internship programs are only eligible to law students who have completed their second year. These experiences can help law students decide what kind of legal work they want to focus on in their careers, and these internships may lead directly to a job after graduation.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Lawyers help their clients resolve problems and issues. As a result, they must be able to analyze large amounts of information, determine relevant facts, and propose viable solutions.

Interpersonal skills. Lawyers must win the respect and confidence of their clients by building a trusting relationship, so that clients feel comfortable enough to share personal information related to their case.

Problem-solving skills. Lawyers must separate their emotions and prejudice from their clients’ problems and objectively evaluate the matter. Therefore, good problem-solving skills are important for lawyers, to prepare the best defense and recommendation.

Research skills. Preparing legal advice or representation for a client commonly requires substantial research. All lawyers need to be able to find what applicable laws and regulations apply to a specific matter.

Speaking skills. Clients hire lawyers to speak on their behalf. Lawyers must be able to clearly present and explain their case to arbitrators, mediators, opposing parties, judges, or juries. 

Writing skills. Lawyers need to be precise and specific when preparing documents, such as wills, trusts, and powers of attorney.

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Average Length of Employment
Trial Lawyer 8.1 years
Attorney/Owner 6.2 years
Attorney At Law 5.8 years
Family Lawyer 5.4 years
Criminal Lawyer 5.1 years
Senior Attorney 5.0 years
Solo Practitioner 5.0 years
Counselor At Law 4.6 years
Attorney 4.4 years
Patent Lawyer 4.3 years
Civil Lawyer 4.1 years
Immigration Lawyer 4.1 years
Lawyer 4.0 years
Corporate Lawyer 3.5 years
Staff Attorney 3.4 years
Legal Adviser 3.1 years
Legal Consultant 2.5 years
Top Careers Before Lawyer
Internship 15.8%
Law Clerk 11.3%
Associate 6.0%
Attorney 5.8%
Paralegal 5.6%
Assistant 4.2%
Teacher 3.7%
Trainee 3.4%
Secretary 3.1%
Partner 3.1%
Volunteer 3.0%
Manager 2.4%
Top Careers After Lawyer
Attorney 10.9%
Internship 8.2%
Associate 6.6%
Law Clerk 5.6%
Paralegal 4.5%
Cashier 4.5%
Teacher 4.5%
Volunteer 4.4%
Manager 4.3%
Consultant 3.9%
Owner 3.3%
Partner 3.2%

Do you work as a Lawyer?

Average Yearly Salary
$106,000
Show Salaries
$55,000
Min 10%
$106,000
Median 50%
$106,000
Median 50%
$106,000
Median 50%
$106,000
Median 50%
$106,000
Median 50%
$106,000
Median 50%
$106,000
Median 50%
$202,000
Max 90%
Highest Paying City
San Francisco, CA
Highest Paying State
Washington
Avg Experience Level
4.4 years
How much does a Lawyer make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Lawyer in the United States is $106,224 per year or $51 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $55,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $202,000.

The largest raises come from changing jobs.

See what's out there.

Real Lawyer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Lawyer Torys LLP Jan 09, 2016 $315,000
Lawyer Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP Jul 14, 2015 $280,000
Lawyer Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP Aug 01, 2015 $265,000
Lawyer Ropes & Gray LLP Jul 09, 2016 $250,000
Lawyer Debevoise & Plimpton LLP Mar 02, 2015 $250,000
Lawyer Debevoise & Plimpton LLP Sep 01, 2015 $250,000
Lawyer Torys LLP Apr 18, 2016 $230,000
Lawyers Ropes & Gray, LLP Jan 09, 2016 $230,000
Lawyer Ropes & Gray, LLP Jan 09, 2016 $230,000
Lawyer Baker & McKenzie LLP Mar 15, 2015 $230,000
Lawyer Ropes & Gray LLP Jul 06, 2015 $230,000
Lawyer Morrison & Foerster LLP Jan 15, 2015 $225,000 -
$275,000
Lawyer Davidson, Davidson & Kappel, LLC Jun 30, 2016 $137,000
Lawyer Becker, Glynn, Muffly, Chassin & Hosinski LLP May 09, 2016 $135,000
Lawyer Precision Hawk USA, Inc. Sep 23, 2016 $135,000
Lawyer Garvey Schubert Barer Nov 01, 2015 $132,000 -
$165,000
Lawyer Morrison & Foerster LLP Jan 09, 2016 $130,000 -
$180,000
Lawyer Hovanes Margarian Dba The Margarian Law Firm Jun 07, 2016 $128,274
Lawyer Morrison & Foerster LLP Aug 01, 2015 $125,000 -
$175,000
Lawyer Geragos & Geragos APC Sep 04, 2015 $84,822
Lawyer Autotelic, Inc. Apr 01, 2015 $84,822
Lawyer Law Offices of Ludovico Aprigliano Nov 16, 2015 $84,711
Lawyer Law Offices of Ludovico Aprigliano Feb 11, 2015 $84,711
Lawyer Dalbir Singh & Associates, PC Apr 07, 2015 $84,500
In-House Lawyer Joy Systems, Inc. Feb 01, 2015 $83,480

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Top Skills for A Lawyer

  1. Legal Documents
  2. Civil Litigation
  3. Family Law
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Drafted legal documents, investigated pertinent laws, prepared arguments, and negotiated settlements.
  • Practice encompassed insurance defense, business law and transactions, and general civil litigation in State and Federal courts.
  • Represented clients in family law cases including divorce, questions of custody and alimony.
  • Represented the Georgia Real Estate Commission in numerous administrative hearings and argued cases before administrative judges.
  • Monitored and innovated case investigation and trial preparation processes.

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Average Salary:

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Top 10 Best States for Lawyers

  1. New York
  2. District of Columbia
  3. Washington
  4. Idaho
  5. Connecticut
  6. West Virginia
  7. Massachusetts
  8. Alaska
  9. New Hampshire
  10. California
  • (113 jobs)
  • (67 jobs)
  • (42 jobs)
  • (6 jobs)
  • (18 jobs)
  • (11 jobs)
  • (50 jobs)
  • (14 jobs)
  • (6 jobs)
  • (182 jobs)

Lawyer Resume Examples And Tips

The average resume reviewer spends between 5 to 7 seconds looking at a single resume, which leaves the average job applier with roughly six seconds to make a killer first impression. Thanks to this, a single typo or error on your resume can disqualify you right out of the gate. At Zippia, we went through over 3,330 Lawyer resumes and compiled some information about how best to optimize them. Here are some suggestions based on what we found, divided by the individual sections of the resume itself.

Learn How To Create A Top Notch Lawyer Resume

View Resume Examples

Lawyer Demographics

Gender

Female

48.5%

Male

44.7%

Unknown

6.8%
Ethnicity

White

51.6%

Hispanic or Latino

23.1%

Black or African American

10.0%

Asian

9.1%

Unknown

6.2%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

42.8%

French

14.4%

Portuguese

7.6%

Russian

6.9%

Arabic

5.9%

German

5.0%

Italian

4.7%

Chinese

2.6%

Ukrainian

1.7%

Hindi

1.2%

Turkish

1.2%

Albanian

1.2%

Hebrew

0.9%

Polish

0.9%

Greek

0.7%

Swedish

0.5%

Swahili

0.5%

Romanian

0.5%

Dutch

0.5%

Mandarin

0.5%
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Lawyer Education

Schools

Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico

13.7%

New York Law School

13.3%

National University

5.7%

Georgetown University

5.2%

Syracuse University

4.7%

Fordham University

4.7%

Thomas M. Cooley Law School

4.7%

University of California - Davis

4.3%

George Washington University

3.8%

Georgia State University

3.8%

Inter American University of Puerto Rico School of Law

3.8%

Harvard University

3.8%

University of Houston

3.8%

University of Delaware

3.8%

University of Denver

3.8%

New England School of Law

3.8%

California Western School of Law

3.3%

Saint John's University - New York

3.3%

Cairn University

3.3%

Columbia University

3.3%
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Majors

Law

59.1%

Legal Research And Advanced Professional Studies

15.7%

Business

3.5%

Legal Support Services

2.8%

English

2.6%

Political Science

2.4%

Legal Studies

2.2%

Criminal Justice

1.8%

Finance

1.5%

Accounting

1.4%

Psychology

1.3%

Management

0.8%

History

0.7%

International Business

0.6%

Human Resources Management

0.6%

Computer Science

0.6%

Education

0.6%

Economics

0.6%

Taxation

0.6%

Public Administration

0.5%
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Degrees

Doctorate

33.0%

Masters

26.8%

Bachelors

26.7%

Certificate

4.4%

Associate

3.6%

Diploma

3.1%

High School Diploma

2.0%

License

0.4%
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Updated May 18, 2020