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Most cooks learn their skills through on-the-job training and work-related experience. Although no formal education is required, some restaurant cooks and private household cooks attend culinary schools. Others attend vocational or apprenticeship programs.Education
Vocational cooking schools, professional culinary institutes, and some colleges offer culinary programs for aspiring cooks. These programs generally last from a few months to 2 years and may offer courses in advanced cooking techniques, international cuisines, and various cooking styles. To enter these programs, candidates may be required to have a high school diploma or equivalent. Depending on the type and length of the program, graduates generally qualify for entry-level positions as a restaurant cook.Training
Most cooks learn their skills through on-the-job training, usually lasting a few weeks. Trainees generally first learn kitchen basics and workplace safety and then learn how to handle and cook food.
Some cooks learn through an apprenticeship program. Professional culinary institutes, industry associations, and trade unions may sponsor such programs for cooks. Typical apprenticeships last 1 year and combine technical training and work experience. Apprentices complete courses in food sanitation and safety, basic knife skills, and equipment operation. They also learn practical cooking skills under the supervision of an experienced chef.
The American Culinary Federation accredits more than 200 academic training programs and sponsors apprenticeships through these programs around the country. The basic qualifications for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:
Some hotels, a number of restaurants, and the Armed Forces have their own training programs.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Many cooks learn their skills through work-related experience. They typically start as a kitchen helper or food preparation worker, learning basic cooking skills before they advance to assistant cook or line cook positions. Some learn by working under the guidance of a more experienced cook.Advancement
The American Culinary Federation certifies chefs, personal chefs, pastry chefs, and culinary administrators, among others. For cooks seeking advancement to higher level chef positions, certification can show accomplishment and lead to higher paying positions.
Advancement opportunities for cooks often depend on training, work experience, and the ability to prepare more complex dishes. Those who learn new cooking skills and who handle greater responsibility, such as supervising kitchen staff in the absence of a chef, often advance. Some cooks may train or supervise kitchen staff, and some may become head cooks, chefs, or food service managers.Important Qualities
Comprehension. Cooks need to understand orders and follow recipes to prepare dishes correctly.
Customer-service skills. Restaurant and short-order cooks must be able to interact effectively with customers and handle special requests.
Dexterity. Cooks should have excellent hand–eye coordination. For example, they need to use proper knife techniques for cutting, chopping, and dicing.
Physical stamina. Cooks spend a lot of time standing in one place, cooking food over hot stoves, and cleaning work areas.
Sense of taste and smell. Cooks must have a keen sense of taste and smell to prepare meals that customers enjoy.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Line Cook||VDJ Group, LLC||ME||Sep 22, 2014||$54,492|
|Line Cook||The Black Bass Hotel Associates, Inc.||Summerville, PA||Aug 10, 2015||$33,259|
|Line Cook||P&G Foods Inc.||Somerville, MA||Apr 29, 2016||$31,034|
|Line Cooks||The Westmoor Club||MA||May 31, 2014||$30,241|
|Line Cooks||The Ocean House and The Weekapaug Inn||RI||May 01, 2014||$30,199|
|Line Cook||Glen Oaks Club, Inc.||Old Westbury, NY||May 01, 2015||$29,907|
|Line Cook||Baltusrol Golf Club||Springfield, NJ||May 21, 2015||$29,907|
|Line Cook||The Westchester Country Club||NY||May 20, 2013||$29,781|
|Line Cooks||The Westmoor Club||Nantucket, MA||May 31, 2015||$29,781|
|Line Cook||Glen Oaks Club, Inc.||NY||May 01, 2014||$29,176|
|Line Cook||The Ocean House and The Weekapaug Inn||Watch Hill, RI||May 01, 2015||$29,030|
|Line Cooks||Wequassett Inn, LLP||MA||Apr 01, 2014||$28,968|
|Line Cooks||Douglas Island Development||Oak Bluffs, MA||May 19, 2015||$28,905|
|Line Cook||Boarding House, Inc.||Nantucket, MA||Apr 20, 2015||$28,905|
|Line Cook||Table 26 Ltd||West Palm Beach, FL||Oct 24, 2015||$27,131 -
|Line Cook||Wycliffe Golf and Country Club, Inc.||Wellington, FL||Oct 01, 2015||$27,131|
|Line Cook||Sacramento Street Partners, LLC||San Francisco, CA||Aug 01, 2013||$27,131|
|Line Cook||Sacramento Street Partners||San Francisco, CA||Aug 01, 2013||$27,131|
|Line Cook||Table 26 Ltd||West Palm Beach, FL||Oct 24, 2016||$27,131 -
|Line Cooks||Douglas Island Development||MA||May 20, 2013||$27,048|
|Line Cook||Windsor Country Club||FL||Oct 01, 2014||$27,048|
|Line Cooks||St. Stephen's Green Publick House||Spring Lake Heights, NJ||Dec 30, 2014||$26,998|
|Line Cook||St. Stephen's Green Publick House||Spring Lake Heights, NJ||Apr 16, 2015||$26,998|
|Line Cooks||Eastward Ho! Country Club, Inc.||MA||May 12, 2013||$26,588|
|Line Cook||Breda LLC||ME||Apr 15, 2014||$26,380|
|Line Cook||Breda LLC||ME||Apr 01, 2013||$26,380|
|Line Cook||Jonathan's Inc.||ME||Apr 15, 2013||$26,380|
|Line Cook||AAL Enterprise, LLC||Vienna, VA||Mar 09, 2015||$26,312|
|Line Cooks||Boarding House, Inc.||MA||Apr 19, 2014||$26,192|
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