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Financial managers are responsible for the financial health of an organization. They produce financial reports, direct investment activities, and develop strategies and plans for the long-term financial goals of their organization.Duties
Financial managers typically do the following:
The role of the financial manager, particularly in business, is changing in response to technological advances that have substantially reduced the amount of time it takes to produce financial reports. Financial managers’ main responsibility used to be monitoring a company’s finances, but they now do more data analysis and advise senior managers on ways to maximize profits. They often work on teams, acting as business advisors to top executives.
Financial managers also do tasks that are specific to their organization or industry. For example, government financial managers must be experts on government appropriations and budgeting processes, and healthcare financial managers must know about topics in healthcare finance. Moreover, financial managers must be knowledgeable about special tax laws and regulations that affect their industry.
The following are examples of types of financial managers:
Chief financial officers (CFOs) are accountable for the accuracy of a company’s or organization’s financial reporting, especially among publicly traded companies. As head of a company’s entire financial department, they manage the lower level financial managers. They oversee the company’s financial goals, objectives, and budgets.
Controllers direct the preparation of financial reports that summarize and forecast the organization’s financial position, such as income statements, balance sheets, and analyses of future earnings or expenses. Controllers also are in charge of preparing special reports required by governmental agencies that regulate businesses. Often, controllers oversee the accounting, audit, and budget departments of their organization.
Treasurers and finance officers direct their organization’s budgets to meet its financial goals. They oversee the investment of funds and carry out strategies to raise capital (such as issuing stocks or bonds) to support the firm’s expansion. They also develop financial plans for mergers (two companies joining together) and acquisitions (one company buying another).
Credit managers oversee their firm’s credit business. They set credit-rating criteria, determine credit ceilings, and monitor the collections of past-due accounts.
Cash managers monitor and control the flow of cash that comes in and goes out of the company to meet the company’s business and investment needs. For example, they must project cash flow (amounts coming in and going out) to determine whether the company will have a shortage or surplus of cash.
Risk managers control financial risk by using strategies to limit or offset the probability of a financial loss or a company’s exposure to financial uncertainty. Among the risks they try to limit are those that stem from currency or commodity price changes.
Insurance managers decide how best to limit a company’s losses by obtaining insurance against risks, such as the need to make disability payments for an employee who gets hurt on the job or the costs imposed by a lawsuit against the company.
Financial managers typically have a bachelor’s degree and 5 years or more of experience in another business or financial occupation, such as an accountant, securities sales agent, or financial analyst.Education
A bachelor's degree in finance, accounting, economics, or business administration is often the minimum education needed for financial managers. However, many employers now seek candidates with a master’s degree, preferably in business administration, finance, or economics. These academic programs help students develop analytical skills and learn financial analysis methods and software.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Professional certification is not required, but some financial managers still get it to demonstrate a level of competence. The CFA Institute confers the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) certification to investment professionals who have at least a bachelor’s degree, 4 years of work experience, and pass three exams. The Association for Financial Professionals confers the Certified Treasury Professional credential to those who pass an exam and have a minimum of 2 years of relevant experience.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Financial managers usually have experience in another business or financial occupation. For example, they may have worked as a loan officer, accountant, securities sales agent, or financial analyst.
In some cases, companies provide formal management training programs to help prepare highly motivated and skilled financial workers to become financial managers.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Financial managers increasingly are assisting executives in making decisions that affect their organization, a task which requires analytical ability.
Communication skills. Excellent communication skills are essential because financial managers must explain and justify complex financial transactions.
Detail oriented. In preparing and analyzing reports such as balance sheets and income statements, financial managers must be precise and attentive to their work in order to avoid errors.
Math skills. Financial managers must be skilled in math, including algebra. An understanding of international finance and complex financial documents also is important.
Organizational skills. Financial managers deal with a range of information and documents and so they must stay organized to do their jobs effectively.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Manager/Finance Accounting
Top Careers After Manager/Finance Accounting
Hispanic or Latino8.4%
Black or African American1.1%
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University of Phoenix13.0%
Fairleigh Dickinson University6.5%
Illinois State University5.4%
University of Texas at Arlington4.3%
University of South Florida4.3%
Georgia Southern University4.3%
Sacred Heart University4.3%
New York University4.3%
University of Bridgeport4.3%
California State University - Northridge4.3%
Cleveland State University4.3%
Washington University in Saint Louis3.3%
Arizona State University3.3%
Lake Forest Graduate School of Management3.3%
Saint John's University - New York3.3%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Senior Manager, Finance & Accounting||Soaprojects, Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Jan 01, 2011||$150,000 -
|Manager, SAP Finance and Accounting Controls||Frito-Lay North America, Inc.||Plano, TX||Jul 30, 2009||$121,000|
|SR. Manager Finance Accounting & Reporting||Universal City Studios Productions, LLLP||CA||May 01, 2014||$120,000|
|Manager of Corporate Finance and Accounting||Partners Healthcare System||Boston, MA||Mar 18, 2015||$114,006|
|Manager of Corporate Finance and Accounting||Partners Healthcare System, Inc.||Boston, MA||Mar 15, 2015||$111,245|
|Manager, Plant Finance & Accounting||Ohm Laboratories, Inc.||New Brunswick, NJ||Jun 11, 2016||$111,118|
|SR. Manager Finance Accounting & Reporting||Universal City Studios Productions LLLP||CA||Apr 30, 2012||$100,000|
|Manager, Accounting-Financial Services Accounting||T-Mobile USA, Inc.||Bellevue, WA||Jan 09, 2016||$96,000 -
|SR. Manager, Financial Accounting & Auditing||The Siegfried Group, LLP.||Chicago, IL||Feb 18, 2015||$96,000 -
|Manager, Plant Finance & Accounting||Ohm Laboratories, Inc.||New Brunswick, NJ||Nov 07, 2013||$95,000 -
|Manager, Plant Finance & Accounting||Ohm Laboratories, Inc.||New Brunswick, NJ||Apr 02, 2012||$95,000|
|Manager, GX Accounting/Finance-Supplier Rebates||McKesson Corporation||San Francisco, CA||Jun 17, 2010||$92,373 -
|Manager of Accounting & Finance||BACO Realty Corporation||San Francisco, CA||Aug 24, 2009||$90,000|
|Manager, Finance and Accounting||KPMG LLP||Atlanta, GA||Aug 01, 2012||$82,000|
|Manager, General Accounting & Financial Reporting||The Ohio University||Athens, OH||May 15, 2016||$75,000|
|Manager, Finance and Accounting||Genpact LLC||Norwalk, CT||Oct 21, 2011||$75,000|
|Manager, Finance and Accounting||Genpact LLC||Stamford, CT||Oct 30, 2011||$75,000|
|Manager, Finance and Accounting||Genpact LLC||Norwalk, CT||Nov 01, 2011||$75,000|
|Manager, Finance and Accounting||Jesta Digital Entertainment Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Oct 01, 2011||$75,000|
|Project Manager, Int'l Finance and Accounting||Paramount Transportation Systems Inc.||San Marcos, CA||May 26, 2010||$72,738|
|Manager, Financial Accounting||Counterpart International Inc.||Arlington, VA||Dec 01, 2010||$72,700 -
|Manager of Accounting and Financing Division||Shima American Corporation||Itasca, IL||May 01, 2015||$60,000|
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