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Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers research, design, develop, build, and test mechanical and thermal sensors and devices, including tools, engines, and machines.Duties
Mechanical engineers typically do the following:
Mechanical engineers design and oversee the manufacture of many products ranging from medical devices to new batteries.
Mechanical engineers design power-producing machines, such as electric generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines, as well as power-using machines, such as refrigeration and air-conditioning systems.
Mechanical engineers design other machines inside buildings, such as elevators and escalators. They also design material-handling systems, such as conveyor systems and automated transfer stations.
Like other engineers, mechanical engineers use computers extensively. Mechanical engineers are routinely responsible for the integration of sensors, controllers, and machinery. Computer technology helps mechanical engineers create and analyze designs, run simulations and test how a machine is likely to work, interact with connected systems, and generate specifications for parts.
Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical engineers who sell services publicly must be licensed in all states and the District of Columbia.Education
Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical engineering programs usually include courses in mathematics and life and physical sciences, as well as engineering and design courses. Mechanical engineering technology programs focus less on theory and more on the practical application of engineering principles. They may emphasize internships and co-ops to prepare students for work in industry.
Some colleges and universities offer 5-year programs that allow students to obtain both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. Some 5-year or even 6-year cooperative plans combine classroom study with practical work, enabling students to gain valuable experience and earn money to finance part of their education.
ABET accredits programs in engineering and engineering technology. Most employers prefer to hire students from an accredited program. A degree from an ABET-accredited program is usually necessary to become a licensed professional engineer.Important Qualities
Creativity. Mechanical engineers design and build complex pieces of equipment and machinery. A creative mind is essential for this kind of work.
Listening skills. Mechanical engineers often work on projects with others, such as architects and computer scientists. They must listen to and analyze different approaches made by other experts to complete the task at hand.
Math skills. Mechanical engineers use the principles of calculus, statistics, and other advanced subjects in math for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Mechanical skills. Mechanical skills allow engineers to apply basic engineering concepts and mechanical processes to the design of new devices and systems.
Problem-solving skills. Mechanical engineers need good problem-solving skills to take scientific discoveries and use them to design and build useful products.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a mechanical engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education to renew their licenses every year. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the other state’s licensing requirements meet or exceed their own licensing requirements.
Several professional organizations offer a variety of certification programs for engineers to demonstrate competency in specific fields of mechanical engineering.Advancement
A Ph.D. is essential for engineering faculty positions in higher education, as well as for some research and development programs. Mechanical engineers may earn graduate degrees in engineering or business administration to learn new technology, broaden their education, and enhance their project management skills. Mechanical engineers may become administrators or managers after obtaining the requisite experience.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Manufacturing/Mechanical Engineer
Top Careers After Manufacturing/Mechanical Engineer
Hispanic or Latino14.0%
Black or African American0.7%
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University of Texas at Arlington6.3%
University of Washington6.3%
California State Polytechnic University - Pomona6.3%
University of California - San Diego6.3%
Bristol Community College6.3%
Worcester Polytechnic Institute6.3%
University of Miami6.3%
California State University - Stanislaus6.3%
Utah State University6.3%
Massachusetts Institute of Technology6.3%
Central Washington University3.1%
Eastern Michigan University3.1%
Delta School of Business and Technology3.1%
ITT Technical Institute-Seattle3.1%
Texas Southern University3.1%
University of the Pacific3.1%
Bucks County Community College3.1%
University of Great Falls3.1%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Manufacturing Mechanical Engineer||Abbott Laboratories||Princeton, NJ||Feb 02, 2013||$75,000|
|Manufacturing Mechanical Engineer||Astrophysics, Inc.||Industry, CA||Feb 15, 2012||$56,035|
|Manufacturing/Mechanical Engineer||Crystal Windows and Doors Il Corp||Chicago, IL||Jan 06, 2014||$56,000|
|Manufacturing Mechanical Engineer||Abbott Laboratories||Princeton, NJ||Oct 01, 2010||$55,000|
|Manufacturing/Mechanical Engineer||Crystal Windows and Doors Il Corp||Chicago, IL||Jan 06, 2011||$54,000|
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