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Become A Manuscript Editor

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Working As A Manuscript Editor

  • Getting Information
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Thinking Creatively
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Make Decisions

  • Repetitive

  • Stressful

  • $50,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Manuscript Editor Do

Editors plan, review, and revise content for publication.

Duties

Editors typically do the following:

  • Read content and correct spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors
  • Rewrite text to make it easier for readers to understand
  • Verify facts using standard reference sources
  • Evaluate submissions from writers to decide what to publish
  • Work with writers to help their ideas and stories succeed
  • Develop story and content ideas according to the publication’s style and editorial policy
  • Allocate space for the text, photos, and illustrations that make up a story
  • Approve final versions submitted by staff

Editors plan, coordinate, and revise material for publication in books, newspapers, magazines, or websites. Editors review story ideas and decide what material will appeal most to readers. During the review process, editors offer comments to improve the product, and suggest titles and headlines. In smaller organizations, a single editor may perform all of the editorial duties or share them with only a few other people.

The following are examples of types of editors:

Copy editors review text for errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling and check for readability, style, and agreement with editorial policy. They suggest revisions, such as changing words and rearranging sentences and paragraphs to improve clarity or accuracy. They also may carry out research, confirm sources for writers, and verify facts, dates, and statistics. In addition, they may arrange page layouts of articles, photographs, and advertising.

Publication assistants who work for book-publishing houses may read and evaluate manuscripts submitted by freelance writers, proofread uncorrected drafts, and answer questions about published material. Assistants on small newspapers or in smaller media markets may compile articles available from wire services or the Internet, answer phones, and proofread articles.

Assistant editors are responsible for a particular subject, such as local news, international news, feature stories, or sports. Most assistant editors work for newspaper publishers, television broadcasters, magazines, book publishers, or advertising and public relations firms.

Executive editors oversee assistant editors and generally have the final say about what stories are published and how they are covered. Executive editors typically hire writers, reporters, and other employees. They also plan budgets and negotiate contracts with freelance writers, who are sometimes called “stringers” in the news industry. Although many executive editors work for newspaper publishers, some work for television broadcasters, magazines, or advertising and public relations firms.

Managing editors typically work for magazines, newspaper publishers, and television broadcasters, and are responsible for the daily operations of a news department.

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How To Become A Manuscript Editor

A bachelor’s degree in communications, journalism, or English, combined with previous writing and proofreading experience, is typically required to be an editor.

Education

Employers generally prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree in communications, journalism, or English. They also prefer candidates with mass- or cross-media experience.

Those with other backgrounds who can show strong writing skills also may find jobs as editors. Editors who deal with specific subject matter may need previous related work experience. For example, fashion editors may need expertise in fashion that they gain through formal training or work experience.

Work Experience in a Related Occupation

Many editors start off as editorial assistants, writers, or reporters.

Those who are particularly skilled at identifying good stories, recognizing writing talent, and interacting with writers may be interested in editing jobs. 

Other Experience

Editors also can gain experience by working on high school and college newspapers, and for magazines, radio and television stations, advertising and publishing companies, or nonprofit organizations. Magazines and newspapers also have internships for students. For example, the American Society of Magazine Editors offers a Magazine Internship Program to qualified full-time students in their junior or senior year of college. Interns may write stories, conduct research and interviews, and gain general publishing experience.

The ability to use computers is necessary for editors to stay in touch with writers and other editors and to work on the increasingly important digital media or online side of a publication. Familiarity with electronic publishing, graphics, Web design, and multimedia production is also important, because more content is being offered online.

Advancement

Some editors hold management positions and must make decisions related to running a business. For them, advancement generally means moving up to publications with larger circulation or greater prestige. Copy editors may move into original writing or substantive editing positions, or become freelancers.

Important Qualities

Creativity. Editors must be creative, curious, and knowledgeable in a broad range of topics. Some editors must regularly come up with interesting story ideas and attention-grabbing headlines.

Detail oriented. One of an editor’s main tasks is to make sure that material is error free and matches the style of a publication.

Good judgment. Editors must decide if certain stories are ethical or if there is enough evidence to report them.

Interpersonal skills. In working with writers, editors must have tact and the ability to guide and encourage them in their work.

Writing skills. Editors must ensure that all written content has correct grammar, punctuation, and syntax. Editors must be able to write clearly and logically.

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Manuscript Editor jobs

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Manuscript Editor Demographics

Gender

Female

67.9%

Male

31.6%

Unknown

0.5%
Ethnicity

White

85.9%

Asian

5.6%

Hispanic or Latino

4.8%

Unknown

3.4%

Black or African American

0.3%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

33.3%

French

14.3%

Chinese

9.5%

German

9.5%

Arabic

9.5%

Russian

4.8%

Greek

4.8%

Mandarin

4.8%

Urdu

4.8%

Italian

4.8%
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Manuscript Editor Education

Schools

New York University

7.8%

University of Chicago

7.8%

Florida Institute of Technology-Melbourne

5.9%

Temple University

5.9%

University of Illinois at Chicago

5.9%

Columbia University

5.9%

University of Virginia

5.9%

West Virginia University

5.9%

University of Georgia

5.9%

Louisiana State University and A&M College

3.9%

Boston University

3.9%

State University of New York College at Brockport

3.9%

Georgetown University

3.9%

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

3.9%

Johns Hopkins University

3.9%

Nazareth College of Rochester

3.9%

University of Wisconsin Extension

3.9%

University of Notre Dame

3.9%

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

3.9%

University of North Carolina at Wilmington

3.9%
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Majors

English

32.3%

Writing

14.3%

Journalism

9.8%

Biology

4.5%

Business

4.5%

General Education, Specific Areas

3.0%

Political Science

3.0%

Law

3.0%

History

3.0%

Communication

3.0%

Publishing

2.3%

Public Health

2.3%

Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology

2.3%

Microbiology

2.3%

Psychology

2.3%

Accounting

2.3%

Linguistics

1.5%

Fine Arts

1.5%

Philosophy

1.5%

Astronomy And Astrophysics

1.5%
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Degrees

Bachelors

40.0%

Masters

32.6%

Doctorate

13.1%

Other

8.6%

Certificate

2.9%

Associate

2.9%
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Top Skills for A Manuscript Editor

JournalArticlesScientificManuscriptsBookManuscriptSgmlAPAStyleWestlawMedicalJournalsCopyEditCritiquePrintPublicationScientificJournalsXMLFinalProductAcademicManuscriptsProductionStaffPsychologyEditorialChangesEducationMaterialsAcademicBookEditManuscripts

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Top Manuscript Editor Skills

  1. Journal Articles
  2. Scientific Manuscripts
  3. Book Manuscript
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • edited journal articles, including editorial adaptation of graphs, tables, and figures.
  • Edited and formated over 20 scientific manuscripts
  • Edited book manuscripts for consistency in grammar, spelling, syntax, punctuation, conceptual/theoretical issues.
  • Converted and coded manuscript files in SGML; reviewed all stages of page proofs; copyedited new material; edited indexes.
  • Edited and proofread manuscripts for scholarly journals using the APA Style format.

Top Manuscript Editor Employers

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