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Become A Mason

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Working As A Mason

  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Repetitive

  • $52,425

    Average Salary

What Does A Mason Do

Masonry workers, also known as masons, use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build walls, walkways, fences, and other masonry structures.

Duties

Masons typically do the following:

  • Read blueprints or drawings to calculate materials needed
  • Lay out patterns, forms, or foundations according to plans
  • Break or cut materials to required size
  • Mix mortar or grout and spread it onto a slab or foundation
  • Clean excess mortar with trowels and other hand tools
  • Construct corners with a corner pole or by building a corner pyramid
  • Align structure vertically and horizontally
  • Clean and polish surfaces with hand or power tools
  • Fill expansion joints with the appropriate caulking materials

Masonry materials are some of the most common and durable materials used in construction. Brick, block, and stone structures can last for hundreds of years. Concrete—a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water—is the foundation for everything from decorative patios and floors to huge dams or miles of roadways.

Brickmasons and blockmasons—often called bricklayers—build and repair walls, floors, partitions, fireplaces, chimneys, and other structures with brick, terra cotta, precast masonry panels, concrete block, and other masonry materials. Pointing, cleaning, and caulking workers are brickmasons who repair brickwork, particularly on older structures on which mortar has come loose. Refractory masons are brickmasons who specialize in installing firebrick, gunite, castables, and refractory tile in high-temperature boilers, furnaces, cupolas, ladles, and soaking pits in industrial establishments.

Cement masons and concrete finishers place and finish concrete. They may color concrete surfaces, expose aggregate (small stones) in walls and sidewalks, or make concrete beams, columns, and panels. Throughout the process of pouring, leveling, and finishing concrete, cement masons must monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affects the curing of the concrete. They must have a thorough knowledge of the characteristics of concrete so that they can determine what is happening to the concrete and take measures to prevent defects. Some small jobs may require the use of a supportive wire mesh called lath. On larger jobs, reinforcing iron and rebar workers install the reinforcing mesh.

Segmental pavers—also referred to as patio pavers—install interlocking masonry walkways, driveways, and patios. Workers need to prepare the site carefully to ensure the masonry units connect properly without gaps or ridges.

Stonemasons build stone walls, as well as set stone exteriors and floors. They work with two types of stone: natural-cut stone, such as marble, granite, and limestone; and artificial stone, made from concrete, marble chips, or other masonry materials. Using a special hammer or a diamond-blade saw, workers cut stone to make various shapes and sizes. Some stonemasons specialize in setting marble, which is similar to setting large pieces of stone.

Terrazzo workers and finishers, also known as terrazzo masons, create decorative walkways, floors, patios, and panels. Much of the terrazzo preliminary work of pouring, leveling, and finishing concrete is similar to that of cement masons. Epoxy terrazzo requires less base preparation and is significantly thinner when completed. Terrazzo workers create decorative finishes by blending fine marble chips into the epoxy or cement, which is often colored. Once the terrazzo is thoroughly set, workers correct any depressions or imperfections with a grinder to create a smooth, uniform finish. Terrazzo workers also install decorative toppings and/or polishing compounds to new or existing concrete.

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How To Become A Mason

Most masons have a high school diploma or equivalent and learn either on the job or through an apprenticeship program. Others learn through masonry programs at technical schools.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is required for most masons. High school courses in mathematics, mechanical drawing, and vocational education are considered useful.

Many technical schools offer programs in basic masonry. These programs operate both independently and in conjunction with apprenticeship training. The credits earned as part of an apprenticeship program usually count toward an associate’s degree. Some people take courses before being hired, and some take them later as part of on-the-job training.

Training

A 3- to 4-year apprenticeship is how most masons learn the trade. For each year of the program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of related technical instruction and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. In the future, apprenticeships are expected to focus more on proven competencies than time-in-training and therefore the duration of apprenticeships may decrease.

Apprentices learn construction basics such as blueprint reading; mathematics, including measurement, volume, and mixing proportions; building code requirements; and safety and first-aid practices. 

Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school education or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work

Some contractors have their own training programs for masons. Although workers may enter apprenticeships directly, some masons start out as construction helpers. The Home Builders Institute and the International Masonry Institute offer pre-apprenticeship training program for eight construction trades, including masonry.

After completing an apprenticeship program, masons are considered journey workers and are able to perform tasks on their own.

Important Qualities

Color vision. Terrazzo workers must be able to distinguish between small variations in color when setting terrazzo patterns in order to produce the best looking finish.

Hand-eye coordination. Workers must be able to apply smooth, even layers of mortar, set bricks, and remove any excess before the mortar hardens.

Math skills. Cement masons use their knowledge of math—including measurement, volume, and mixing proportions—when they mix their own mortar.

Physical stamina. Brickmasons must keep a steady pace while setting bricks all day. Although no individual brick is extremely heavy, the constant lifting can be tiring.

Physical strength. Workers must be strong enough to lift more than 50 pounds. They must also carry heavy tools, equipment, and other materials, such as bags of mortar and grout.

Visualization. Stonemasons must be able to see how stones fit together in order to build attractive and stable structures.

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Mason jobs

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Average Length of Employment
Marble Mason 8.1 years
Rock Mason 4.9 years
Cement Mason 4.0 years
Tile Mason 4.0 years
Block Mason 3.9 years
Brick Mason 3.9 years
Lead Mason Tender 3.4 years
Concrete Mason 3.3 years
Stone Mason 3.2 years
Mason 3.0 years
Mason Apprentice 2.9 years
Mason Tender 2.7 years
Mason Helper 2.2 years
Top Employers Before
Internship 7.7%
Carpenter 7.5%
Cashier 6.7%
Supervisor 5.5%
Manager 5.4%
Owner 5.1%
Foreman 5.0%
Technician 4.7%
Cook 4.1%
Volunteer 3.5%
Welder 3.5%
Driver 3.4%
Top Employers After
Foreman 7.2%
Owner 6.9%
Carpenter 6.6%
Internship 6.5%
Supervisor 5.9%
Cashier 4.8%
Driver 4.2%
Technician 4.0%
Manager 3.9%
Cook 3.4%

Mason Demographics

Gender

Male

75.0%

Female

23.7%

Unknown

1.3%
Ethnicity

White

81.1%

Hispanic or Latino

10.1%

Asian

6.6%

Unknown

1.6%

Black or African American

0.6%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

55.1%

French

7.9%

German

5.6%

Hindi

3.4%

Chinese

3.4%

Arabic

3.4%

Dutch

2.2%

Mandarin

2.2%

Carrier

2.2%

Japanese

2.2%

Urdu

2.2%

Vietnamese

1.1%

Marathi

1.1%

Gujarati

1.1%

Danish

1.1%

Navajo

1.1%

Nepali

1.1%

Venetian

1.1%

Greek

1.1%

Italian

1.1%
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Mason Education

Schools

George Mason University

46.9%

University of Phoenix

4.9%

Lansing Community College

4.3%

George Washington University

3.6%

University of Cincinnati

3.6%

Michigan State University

3.0%

Towson University

3.0%

University of Washington

2.6%

Liberty University

2.6%

Kaplan University

2.6%

Iowa State University

2.6%

Northern Virginia Community College

2.6%

Grand Canyon University

2.6%

North Iowa Area Community College

2.3%

Pennsylvania State University

2.3%

Monroe Community College

2.3%

Miami University

2.3%

Ohio State University

2.0%

Colorado Technical University

2.0%

Walden University

2.0%
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Majors

Business

21.0%

Criminal Justice

6.9%

Nursing

5.9%

General Studies

5.4%

Education

5.1%

Communication

5.1%

Psychology

5.0%

Accounting

4.7%

Computer Science

4.5%

Masonry

4.1%

Finance

3.9%

Management

3.8%

Precision Metal Working

3.6%

Liberal Arts

3.2%

Electrical Engineering Technology

3.1%

Kinesiology

3.1%

Political Science

3.1%

Marketing

3.0%

Electrical Engineering

2.9%

Construction Management

2.8%
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Degrees

Other

34.1%

Bachelors

33.0%

Associate

10.9%

Masters

10.7%

Certificate

6.4%

Doctorate

2.3%

Diploma

2.1%

License

0.5%
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Real Mason Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Mason MPZ Masonry, Inc. Chicago, IL Feb 16, 2016 $141,227
Mason All Pro Contracting LLC East Orange, NJ Jun 01, 2015 $74,385 -
$74,390
Mason Mascon Restoration Inc. NY Jul 12, 2011 $71,573
Mason Mascon Restoration Inc. NY Sep 08, 2008 $66,784 -
$67,828
Plaster and Stucco Mason Janeczek Construction of Nj, Inc. Paramus, NJ May 19, 2010 $66,346
Mason Bairrada Liberty Construction Co., Inc. Linden, NJ Apr 15, 2010 $65,344
Plaster and Stucco Mason Janeczek Construction LLC Paramus, NJ Sep 11, 2009 $61,629
Stucco Masons Romano Construction LLC Parma, OH Feb 01, 2016 $60,627
Stucco Mason Pro Line Roofing & Chimney Corp. NY Nov 29, 2010 $60,314
Mason MFA Masonry Corp. White Plains, NY Jan 26, 2010 $60,001
Plasterers and Stocco Masons Everest Realty Holding, Inc. New York, NY Apr 09, 2009 $56,871
Mason Mascon Restoration Inc. NY Oct 14, 2010 $56,349 -
$57,393
Plaster AN Stucco Mason E. Pelc Masonry, Inc. Brick, NJ Jul 02, 2008 $56,099
Mason Almo Construction, Inc. Sterling, VA May 27, 2015 $55,515
Mason Rivers Construction Group, Ltd. Silver Spring, MD Dec 09, 2016 $46,550
Mason Trump Briarcliff Manor Development, LLC NJ Feb 03, 2009 $46,018
Mason K& C Land Design and Construction Watchung, NJ Mar 24, 2011 $45,956
Mason Peter Gray Mason Contractor, LLC. Bernardsville, NJ Jun 06, 2008 $45,956
Mason Grosvenor Masonry, Inc. Englewood, CO Oct 19, 2007 $45,434
Mason Grosvenor Masonry, Inc. Englewood, CO Dec 06, 2007 $45,434
Mason Sebastiano Nini Inc. Hamilton, NJ Sep 16, 2008 $45,351
Mason Bergquist Masonry LLC Temple, NH May 19, 2010 $44,704
Mason Frank Matera & Daughter Landscaping Contractors, LLC Norwalk, CT Feb 03, 2011 $39,924
Mason D & F Construction Co., Inc. Forestville, MD Sep 10, 2012 $39,811
Stucco Mason Triad Associates, Inc. MA Apr 01, 2011 $39,131
Mason Cs Design Build LLC T/A BR Design/Build MD Oct 20, 2009 $38,797
Mason Fernandez Landscape Masonry, LLC Morristown, NJ Jun 08, 2010 $38,797
Stucco Mason KIS Construction Jacksonville, FL Apr 07, 2008 $37,877
Mason Salvatore Basile Inc. New York, NY Mar 18, 2011 $37,775
Stucco Mason M. J. Cosma, Inc. Buford, GA Mar 14, 2009 $37,566

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Top Skills for A Mason

MasonrySafetyRegulationsJobSiteCustomerServiceand/orHandToolsFinancialAdvisorsLaysBricksGeneralLaborWindowsDeliveryBuildingMaterialsHeavyEquipmentConstructionSitesMixMortarPlumbBobsDumpTruckOshaSet-UpExpansionJointsPrep

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Top Mason Skills

  1. Masonry
  2. Safety Regulations
  3. Job Site
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Job description: Masonry, taping and plastering work, carpentry and woodwork repairs, layout and installation of flooring.
  • Followed established job site safety regulations and maintained a safe and clean work area.
  • Assisted in job site supervision and quality control.
  • Maintained an ability to communicate with customers to establish rapport, while providing a high level of customer service.
  • Cut and broke bricks and concrete using hammers, powered abrasive saws, paving breakers, drills, and/or hand tools.

Top Mason Employers

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Mason Videos

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