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Best Jobs For Mathematics Major

If you recently graduated from college and are having a hard time finding a job, you are not alone. Luckily enough, we set out to help graduates with a mathematics degree to find the perfect job. After looking through 31,756 mathematics major resumes and millions of job listings, we were able to find which are most preferred jobs by mathematics major graduates.

Find Mathematics Major Jobs

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Starting Salary
$51,000
Job openings
63,495
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$54,000
Job openings
96,357
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$55,000
Job openings
64,005
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
A business analyst is someone who analyzes an organization or business domain (real or hypothetical) and documents its business or processes or systems, assessing the business model or its integration with technology.
Starting Salary
$47,000
Job openings
70,267
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Financial analysts provide guidance to businesses and individuals making investment decisions. They assess the performance of stocks, bonds, and other types of investments.
Starting Salary
$71,000
Job openings
37,753
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  San Francisco, CA;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Computer and information research scientists invent and design new approaches to computing technology and find innovative uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, medicine, science, and other fields.
Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary
Starting Salary
$47,000
Job openings
17,852
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Louisville, KY;  Boston, MA;  
Job Description:
Actuaries analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to assess the risk that an event will occur, and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk. Actuaries’ work is essential to the insurance industry.
Starting Salary
$22,000
Job openings
43,117
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Washington, DC;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.
Starting Salary
$65,000
Job openings
115,778
Top Locations:
San Francisco, CA;  New York, NY;  Austin, TX;  
Job Description:
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Starting Salary
$53,000
Job openings
11,391
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Washington, DC;  Atlanta, GA;  
Job Description:
Statisticians use statistical methods to collect and analyze data and to help solve real-world problems in business, engineering, healthcare, or other fields.
Starting Salary
$56,000
Job openings
66,247
Top Locations:
Houston, TX;  New York, NY;  Atlanta, GA;  
Job Description:
Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and design information systems solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.
Starting Salary
$24,000
Job openings
45,270
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Los Angeles, CA;  
Job Description:
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.
Starting Salary
$47,000
Job openings
3,259
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Hartford, CT;  Boston, MA;  
Job Description:
Actuaries analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to assess the risk that an event will occur, and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk. Actuaries’ work is essential to the insurance industry.
Starting Salary
$56,000
Job openings
76,355
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Dallas, TX;  
Job Description:
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Starting Salary
$28,000
Job openings
44,577
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Los Angeles, CA;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
A Math Tutor helps students improve their math skills in a library in groups or individually. They evaluate the skill progression of students and identify areas for improvement.
Starting Salary
$23,000
Job openings
7,268
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Tellers are responsible for accurately processing routine transactions at a bank. These transactions include cashing checks, depositing money, and collecting loan payments.
Starting Salary
$43,000
Job openings
1,000
Top Locations:
Austin, TX;  Chicago, IL;  Columbus, GA;  
Job Description:
Actuaries analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to assess the risk that an event will occur, and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk. Actuaries’ work is essential to the insurance industry.
Starting Salary
$41,000
Job openings
46,482
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Washington, DC;  
Job Description:
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.
Starting Salary
$39,000
Job openings
48,248
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
High school teachers help prepare students for life after graduation. They teach academic lessons and various skills that students will need to attend college and to enter the job market.
Starting Salary
$39,000
Job openings
57,153
Top Locations:
Washington, DC;  Chicago, IL;  New York, NY;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$24,000
Job openings
55,320
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Chicago, IL;  
Starting Salary
$48,000
Job openings
52,530
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Charlotte, NC;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Operations research analysts use advanced mathematical and analytical methods to help organizations investigate complex issues, identify and solve problems, and make better decisions.
Starting Salary
$12,000
Job openings
43,441
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Washington, DC;  Boston, MA;  
Job Description:
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.
Starting Salary
$51,000
Job openings
58,071
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Charlotte, NC;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$63,000
Job openings
114,982
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Austin, TX;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Starting Salary
$46,000
Job openings
838
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Boston, MA;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
An Actuarial Assistant compiles and computes data according to statistical formulas for use in actuarial studies. They calculate statistical and probability forecasts and models from data.
Starting Salary
$26,000
Job openings
41,888
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Washington, DC;  
Starting Salary
$32,000
Job openings
21,711
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Los Angeles, CA;  
Job Description:
Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and career and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.
Starting Salary
$18,000
Job openings
37,121
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Phoenix, AZ;  
Starting Salary
$29,000
Job openings
37,486
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Washington, DC;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Financial analysts provide guidance to businesses and individuals making investment decisions. They assess the performance of stocks, bonds, and other types of investments.
Starting Salary
$30,000
Job openings
25,293
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Boston, MA;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
A Research Assistant helps carry out a particular research agenda. They are generally found in the social science or laboratory setting.
Starting Salary
$59,000
Job openings
243,563
Top Locations:
Houston, TX;  New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers design, develop, build, and test mechanical and thermal sensors and devices, including tools, engines, and machines.
Starting Salary
$74,000
Job openings
81,531
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Austin, TX;  
Job Description:
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Starting Salary
$55,000
Job openings
47,944
Top Locations:
Seattle, WA;  New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
Medical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings.
Starting Salary
$56,000
Job openings
97,146
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Washington, DC;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$29,000
Job openings
42,688
Top Locations:
Houston, TX;  New York, NY;  Atlanta, GA;  
Job Description:
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks produce financial records for organizations. They record financial transactions, update statements, and check financial records for accuracy.
Starting Salary
$41,000
Job openings
29,641
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Accountants and auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time. Accountants and auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently.
Starting Salary
$38,000
Job openings
38,220
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Washington, DC;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.
Starting Salary
$38,000
Job openings
39,557
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Washington, DC;  San Diego, CA;  
Job Description:
A Research Associate plans, organizes, and conducts research in scientific, cultural, historical, or artistic. They conduct literature, collect and analyze data, and recruit and/or interview new people.
Starting Salary
$36,000
Job openings
114,918
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Atlanta, GA;  
Job Description:
Account Executives are responsible for looking after the company's client as well as keeping the company-client relationships at a high standard. Their goal is to increase the amount of business a company does with those clients.
Starting Salary
$50,000
Job openings
56,831
Top Locations:
Cincinnati, OH;  Boston, MA;  Austin, TX;  
Job Description:
Operations research analysts use advanced mathematical and analytical methods to help organizations investigate complex issues, identify and solve problems, and make better decisions.
Starting Salary
$56,000
Job openings
38,483
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Columbus, OH;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
Financial analysts provide guidance to businesses and individuals making investment decisions. They assess the performance of stocks, bonds, and other types of investments.
Starting Salary
$48,000
Job openings
50,372
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$49,000
Job openings
1,265
Top Locations:
Newark, NJ;  New York, NY;  Boston, MA;  
Job Description:
Actuaries analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to assess the risk that an event will occur, and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk. Actuaries’ work is essential to the insurance industry.
Starting Salary
$53,000
Job openings
64,960
Top Locations:
Washington, DC;  New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$36,000
Job openings
16,467
Top Locations:
Clinton, IA;  New York, NY;  Houston, TX;  
Job Description:
The key role of a Credit Analyst consists of assessing the credit-worthiness of existing or prospective clients. They analyze financial records like the earnings, savings, payments, and purchases of companies or individuals, as well as analyze their liquidity, profitability, and credit histories.
Starting Salary
$53,000
Job openings
76,419
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Boston, MA;  Chicago, IL;  
Job Description:
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Starting Salary
$56,000
Job openings
49,226
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Atlanta, GA;  
Job Description:
A Quality Assurance Analyst tests software and other computer applications to ensure that there are no defects and that it is made to meet the company's standards. They also recommend program improvements and corrections to programmers.
Starting Salary
$31,000
Job openings
88,299
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Seattle, WA;  San Francisco, CA;  
Job Description:
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Starting Salary
$51,000
Job openings
21,657
Top Locations:
Bristol, CT;  Boston, MA;  New York, NY;  
Job Description:
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.
Starting Salary
$21,000
Job openings
14,749
Top Locations:
New York, NY;  Chicago, IL;  Washington, DC;  
Job Description:
Teacher assistants work under a teacher’s supervision to give students additional attention and instruction.

Mathematics Major Jobs

Average Salary For a Mathematics Major

As a mathematics major, you might be surprised with how much your salary might vary depending on the industry you choose to work in. For example, if you were to work in the government industry, you might only make $40,736 annually, but you could make $100,934 in the telecommunication industry. If salary is the most important thing to you, then you should choose the industry you want to work in carefully.

1. Telecommunication
$100,934
Avg. Salary
$44k
$118k
2. Technology
$98,092
Avg. Salary
$44k
$118k
3. Finance
$78,349
Avg. Salary
$44k
$118k
4. Manufacturing
$74,711
Avg. Salary
$44k
$118k
5. Health Care
$56,076
Avg. Salary
$44k
$118k

Entry Level Jobs For Mathematics Majors

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Mathematics Internships

How To Get A Job With A Mathematics Degree

Mathematics is a somewhat unique major, in that it teaches you a series of very specific skills which can be applied to a broad range of subjects and disciplines.

People interested in Math can go on to work in fields as diverse as statistics, accounting, research science, and programming, among others. Those interested in pure Math can even go on to get a Master's or PhD, working purely with theoretical problems and making strides in field at large.

But with all these different ways this major can be applied across so many diverse industries, it can be tough to settle on a single one.

Well, that's where we come in. We literally created a map, just for Mathematics Majors such as yourself, to navigate your way through the choppy waters of recent graduation.

Feel free to focus on the map alone -- it's pretty cool, if we do say so ourselves. But for those of you who prefer step by step navigation on your path, keep reading. We'll give you the rundown on:

  • What skills you'll need
  • How to begin
  • What jobs you can expect to find as a Mathematics Major
  • Some quick interview tips
  • Consider graduate school
  • External resources

First thing's first: what skills you'll need to get started.

1. Skills for Mathematics Majors

Hard skills for Math Majors vary by industry, but can often be summed up by just writing down the names of all the classes you took in college (like linear algebra or real analysis). Much of understanding Math is just understanding concepts, and having a thorough understanding of these concepts is what will allow you to recycle and combine them into ways that will help you in the future, either in your chosen industry or in the Math field itself.

Soft skills tend to be more data-driven, involving your ability to quickly read and comprehend large amounts of data as well as come up with creative solutions to difficult problems.

Let's take a closer look at what this means for Mathematics in particular:

Critical Thinking and Analysis

Pattern rcognition and data analysis are essential for anyone with a Math degree or working in a Math-related field. Whether you're working with Math in a practical application or in a more theoretical context, the ability to read and comprehend massive amounts of data will make or break your ability to do your job effectively.

Creativity

Contrary to what you might think, creativity is extremely important when it comes to Math. You'll often need to solve problems with increasingly abstract solutions, and being able to think outside the box when it comes to problem-solving will allow you to think of better and more efficient solutions to problems.

Communication Skills

Some just getting started in the Math field assume that they'll get to work totally alone, surrounded by little else than a whiteboard, some markers, and endless data. In fact, it's very likely you'll be working with some sort of team, and in order to work effectively with others you need to have some understanding of how to translate your skills and work experience into something that your other less-mathematically-minded coworkers will understand.

2. Where to Begin Your Career After Getting a Mathematics Degree

As with many other majors, when it comes to internships in the Math Major, your mileage may vary.

There are industry-specific internships available, which are excellent if you already know how you'd like to apply your math skills to a particular career or if you'd like to explore what some of those applications might look like. But the math field is so huge that many of these internships can feel very specific, applying the same set of math skills to different problems.

For the more research or data-minded Math Majors, there's also government or organization positions available with groups such as the Department of Energy, the National Security Agency, the American Mathematical Society, and the National Science Foundation.

Before you settle on an internship or placement, though, you'll want to make sure it's the right fit for you. Ask yourself these questions:

  • Where (in the state/the country/the world) do you want to work?
  • What size and type of organization do you want to work for?
  • Do you need compensation in an internship, or might you be able to consider alternative compensation (experience, work samples, references, networking, etc.)
  • Is relocation an option?

3. Available Jobs For Mathematics Majors

Mathematics is one of those skills that is necessary regardless of what sort of business you're in. Whether its in keeping your books straightened out, analyzing and utilizing large amounts of data, or just generally approaching problems from an analytical perspective, Math Majors can fit within a variety of different roles.

With our map, you can click the Job Titles and learn more specific information for each position (what their responsibilities are, how much they get paid, etc.) But here, we wanted to call out some of the most common jobs for recent Mathematics Major grads.

Here are a few of the most interesting jobs for recent grads such as yourself:

  • Actuarial Analyst.
  • Actuaries help with financial projections and managing long-term profitability for companies, identifying potential risks and suggesting ways to circumvent them. This takes a high level of Mathematical expertise in subjects like statistics and calculus, perfect for someone who majored in Mathematics.

  • Software Engineer.
  • Software Engineers apply the principles of engineering to the field of software design, designing and developing software for a variety of computer programs, applications, and systems.

  • Programmer Analyst.
  • Programmer Analysts identify the requirements of clients, then help to develop programs designed to meet these requirements. Their exact involvement with the programming process depends on individual position, and can range from supervisory to programming it themselves.

    4. Some Quick Job Search Tips for Mathematics Majors

    Widen Your Skillset

    If you plan on using Math to go into a particular field, it would be a good idea to either double major or to learn industry-specific skills on your own time.

    While many jobs require an advanced understanding of math, few of those deal purely with math and nothing else -- for the most part, you're going to need to have some kind of knowledge of the field in which you're entering.

    To understand how you need to apply your math skills, you have to understand the context. If you're in a field that involves sales, you need some understanding of how markets and economics work. So when you're thinking about what you're doing next in the math field as far as finding a job goes, keep in mind that you're going to need some non-math skills in order to make yourself useful outside of an academic setting.

    Alternatively, Specialize Further

    If you're a pure Math Major already, odds are its because you enjoy the thought of working purely in the theoretical realm on problems that interest you. In this case, you should make sure that you've considered going on to get additional education.

    Math is often seen by workers as more of a skill than a vocation. This means that it can be tough to find a job in the work force by studying only math -- however, it also means that those interested in pure math alone should absolutely consider going into research or academia rather than entering the workforce traditionally.

    5. Continuing Education and Certifications in Mathematics

    Pursuing an advanced degree

    Obtaining a graduate degree in your course of study can serve as an excellent way to separate you from the herd - but you must first decide whether it's worth your time.

    Master's degrees are used in one of two ways -- to get a leg up in your field of choice, or to prepare yourself to move on to a PhD program. The precise usefulness of a Master's degree varies widely by field -- for them, the biggest factor is often just the level of prestige held by the school you attended, but other factors can be important as well. PhDs in math are extraordinarily intensive, and usually lead to a PhD candidate becoming either an educator, a researcher, or some combination of the two.

    Here are common advanced degrees that people with Mathematics degree normally consider:

    Master's in Mathematics

    • Primarily geared toward getting students to be a little more confident in a particular skill or specialization, many Master's degrees are also designed so that graduates will also leave with teaching certifications.

    PhD (Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics)

    • PhDs in Math focus on conducting research, writing papers, and teaching college students about the field of Math.

    6. External Resources

    If you're still not sure what to do with your degree here are some external sites, to help you with your decision:

    American Mathematical Society (AMS)

    The AMS is a professional organization dedicated to furthering the field of mathematics both in the US and the world at large by providing membership benefits such as conferences, meetings, publications, and opportunities for both networking and continuing education.

    National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)

    Another professional organization, this one devoted to the field of math education. The NCTM offers many of the same membership benefits as the AMS, including continuing education opportunities, meetings, conferences, and publications.

    USAJobs

    Enter "Mathematics" into the search bar and you can get a sense of what kind of government jobs are available to Mathematics Majors. Find a job title you like and come back here to learn more about it.

    Bureau Of Labor Statistics

    The BLS offers detailed data on pay, location, and availability of different kinds of jobs across the country.

    In fact, we draw a lot of our research on the best places for jobs from the information provided on the site.

    And if this all seems like a lot - don't worry - the hard part (getting your degree!) is already over.

    Updated July 15, 2020