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Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.Education
A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.
High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.
Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.
Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.Other Experience
Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.Advancement
Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.
Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.
Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.
Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.
Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.
Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Media Designer
Top Careers After Media Designer
Hispanic or Latino9.7%
Black or African American0.5%
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Savannah College of Art and Design19.4%
Full Sail University13.7%
Art Institute of Pittsburgh5.6%
Rochester Institute of Technology4.8%
University of North Texas4.8%
Ball State University4.8%
Virginia Commonwealth University4.0%
Arizona State University3.2%
Academy of Art University3.2%
Michigan State University3.2%
University of Massachusetts - Lowell3.2%
Brigham Young University3.2%
Iowa State University3.2%
University of Houston3.2%
Fashion Institute of Technology3.2%
University of Cincinnati3.2%
Northern Illinois University3.2%
Southern New Hampshire University3.2%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Dean of The College of ART, Media and Design||The University of The Arts||Philadelphia, PA||Jul 01, 2011||$140,000|
|VP Media Design||Hill, Holliday, Connors, Cosmopulos, Inc.||Boston, MA||Aug 03, 2010||$122,500|
|Chair, Motion Media Design Department||Savannah College of Art and Design, Inc.||Savannah, GA||Feb 23, 2015||$102,523 -
|Chair, Motion Media Design Department||Savannah College of Art and Design, Inc.||Savannah, GA||Mar 09, 2015||$102,523 -
|Chair, Motion Media Design Department||Savannah College of Art and Design, Inc.||Savannah, GA||Feb 23, 2015||$100,776 -
|Chair, Motion Media Design Department||Savannah College of Art and Design, Inc.||Savannah, GA||Mar 23, 2011||$100,600|
|Chair, Motion Media Design Department||Savannah College of Art and Design, Inc.||Savannah, GA||Feb 23, 2013||$92,290 -
|SR. Multi-Media Designer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Aug 31, 2016||$91,086|
|Multi-Media Designer/Animator||Buck Design, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Jan 04, 2010||$80,000|
|Senior Media Designer||Spinmedia||New York, NY||Jun 12, 2013||$76,544|
|Senior Media Designer||Spinmedia||New York, NY||May 27, 2013||$75,000|
|Senior Media Designer, Mobile Applications||Uptown Vibe Holdings, LLC||New York, NY||Oct 15, 2012||$75,000|
|Senior Media Designer||Marketgrader.Com Corp.||Coral Gables, FL||Oct 01, 2011||$66,000|
|Associate Interactive Media Designer||Interactive Intelligence Group, Inc.||Indianapolis, IN||Sep 10, 2014||$65,000 -
|Interactive Media Designer||Nova Engineering Ltd.||Billerica, MA||Mar 18, 2013||$58,300|
|Web and New Media Designer||Qualys, Inc.||Redwood City, CA||Mar 01, 2010||$57,845|
|Web & New Media Designer||Qualys, Inc.||Redwood City, CA||Feb 28, 2013||$57,845|
|Senior Multi Media Designer||ABC Imaging of Washington||Kansas City, MO||Jul 21, 2016||$55,182|
|Creative Media Designer||Cybis Communications Corporation||Orlando, FL||Feb 01, 2015||$55,120 -
|Media Designer||Monster Worldwide, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Apr 10, 2010||$55,000 -
|Multi-Media Artist and Designer||Drumbeat Digital, LLC||New York, NY||Oct 01, 2010||$55,000|
|Multi-Media Artist and Designer||Captains of Industry||Boston, MA||Oct 01, 2009||$47,000 -
|Multi-Media Animation Designer||TC Ventures V LLC||Frederick, MD||Jul 09, 2015||$45,684|
|Multi-Media Animation Designer||TC Ventures V LLC||MD||Aug 03, 2015||$45,684|
|Multi Media Designer||Tricoast Production Partners, Inc.||Santa Monica, CA||Jan 07, 2010||$45,684|
|Media and Animation Designer||Rightaction Management LLC||Philadelphia, PA||Feb 03, 2015||$45,000 -
|Media Designer||McKenzie Holland Inc.||Orange, CA||Jan 05, 2016||$45,000 -
|Media Designer||Savannah College of Art and Design||Savannah, GA||Nov 19, 2014||$45,000|
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