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Become A Medical Assistant

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Working As A Medical Assistant

  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Getting Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Repetitive

  • $30,152

    Average Salary

What Does A Medical Assistant Do

Medical assistants complete administrative and clinical tasks in the offices of physicians, hospitals, and other healthcare facilities. Their duties vary with the location, specialty, and size of the practice. 


Medical assistants typically do the following:

  • Record patient history and personal information
  • Measure vital signs, such as blood pressure
  • Help the physician with patient examinations
  • Give patients injections or medications as directed by the physician and as permitted by state law
  • Schedule patient appointments
  • Prepare blood samples for laboratory tests
  • Enter patient information into medical records

Medical assistants take and record patients’ personal information. They must be able to keep that information confidential and discuss it only with other medical personnel who are involved in treating the patient.

Electronic health records (EHRs) are changing some medical assistants’ jobs. More and more physicians are adopting EHRs, moving all their patient information from paper to electronic records. Assistants need to learn the EHR software that their office uses.

Medical assistants should not be confused with physician assistants, who examine, diagnose, and treat patients under a physician’s supervision.

In larger practices or hospitals, medical assistants may specialize in either administrative or clinical work.

Administrative medical assistants often fill out insurance forms or code patients’ medical information. They often answer telephones and schedule patient appointments.

Clinical medical assistants have different duties, depending on the state where they work. They may do basic laboratory tests, dispose of contaminated supplies, and sterilize medical instruments. They may have additional responsibilities, such as instructing patients about medication or special diets, preparing patients for x rays, removing stitches, drawing blood, or changing dressings.

Some medical assistants specialize according to the type of medical office where they work. The following are examples of specialized medical assistants:

Ophthalmic medical assistants and optometric assistants help ophthalmologists and optometrists, respectively, provide eye care. They show patients how to insert, remove, and care for contact lenses. Ophthalmic medical assistants also may help an ophthalmologist in surgery.

Podiatric medical assistants work closely with podiatrists (foot doctors). They may make castings of feet, expose and develop x rays, and help podiatrists in surgery.

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How To Become A Medical Assistant

Most medical assistants have postsecondary education such as a certificate. Others enter the occupation with a high school diploma and learn through on-the-job training.


Medical assistants typically graduate from postsecondary education programs. Although there are no formal educational requirements for becoming a medical assistant in most states, employers may prefer to hire assistants who have completed these programs.

Programs for medical assisting are available from community colleges, vocational schools, technical schools, and universities and take about 1 year to complete. These programs usually lead to a certificate or diploma. Some community colleges offer 2-year programs that lead to an associate’s degree. All programs have classroom and laboratory portions that include lessons in anatomy and medical terminology.

Some medical assistants have a high school diploma or equivalent and learn their duties on the job. High school students interested in a career as a medical assistant should take courses in biology, chemistry, and anatomy.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Medical assistants must be able to understand and follow medical charts and diagnoses. They may be required to code a patient’s medical records for billing purposes.

Detail oriented. Medical assistants need to be precise when taking vital signs or recording patient information. Physicians and insurance companies rely on accurate records.

Interpersonal skills. Medical assistants need to be able to discuss patient information with other medical personnel, such as physicians. They often interact with patients who may be in pain or in distress, so they need to be able to act in a calm and professional manner.

Technical skills. Medical assistants should be able to use basic clinical instruments so they can take a patient’s vital signs, such as heart rate and blood pressure.


Medical assistants who do not have postsecondary education learn their skills through on-the-job training. Physicians or other medical assistants may teach a new assistant medical terminology, the names of the instruments, how to do daily tasks, how to interact with patients, and other tasks that help keep an office running smoothly. Medical assistants also learn how to code both paper and electronic health records (EHRs) and how to record patient information. It can take several months for an assistant to complete training, depending on the facility.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Medical assistants are not required to be certified in most states. However, employers prefer to hire certified assistants.

Several organizations offer certification. An applicant must pass an exam and have taken one of several routes to be eligible for each certification. These routes include graduation from an accredited program and work experience, among others. In most cases, an applicant must be at least 18 years old before applying for certification.

The National Commission for Certifying Agencies, part of the Institute for Credentialing Excellence, accredits five certifications for medical assistants:

  • Certified Medical Assistant (CMA) from the American Association of Medical Assistants
  • Registered Medical Assistant (RMA) from American Medical Technologists
  • National Certified Medical Assistant (NCMA) from the National Center for Competency Testing
  • Certified Clinical Medical Assistant (CCMA) from the National Healthcareer Association
  • Certified Medical Administrative Assistant (CMAA) from the National Healthcareer Association

Some states may require assistants to graduate from an accredited program, pass an exam, or both, in order to practice. Contact the state board of medicine for more information.

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Medical Assistant jobs

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Medical Assistant Demographics


  • Female

  • Male

  • Unknown



  • White

  • Hispanic or Latino

  • Asian

  • Unknown

  • Black or African American

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Languages Spoken

  • Spanish

  • French

  • Portuguese

  • Hindi

  • Arabic

  • Russian

  • Tagalog

  • German

  • Chinese

  • Mandarin

  • Italian

  • Cantonese

  • Vietnamese

  • Urdu

  • Korean

  • Polish

  • Hmong

  • Swedish

  • Japanese

  • Gujarati

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Real Medical Assistant Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Medical Assistant Salartash Surgical Association Egg Harbor, NJ Dec 28, 2009 $65,000
Medical Assistant Salartash Surgical Association Egg Harbor, NJ Dec 30, 2009 $65,000
Osteopathic Medical Assistant Mona Mofid, M.D., APC San Diego, CA Mar 20, 2015 $60,341
Instructor, Medical Assistants Healthcare Training Institute Union, NJ May 14, 2010 $56,850
Instructor, Medical Assistants Healthcare Training Institute Inc. Union, NJ May 14, 2010 $56,850
Instructor, Medical Assistants Healthcare Training Institute Union, NJ Aug 12, 2009 $48,314
Medical Assistants DR. Sang E. Kim Chiropractic Sunnyvale, CA Jan 17, 2014 $42,500
Medical Assistants DR. Sang E. Kim Chiropractic Sunnyvale, CA Sep 19, 2011 $42,411
Enhanced Specialty Medical Assistant Nova Surgicare, PC McLean, VA Oct 30, 2011 $41,740
Medical Assistants Margaret EKA Akpan, Md Cheverly, MD Dec 05, 2013 $40,000
Medical Assistant Metro Dermatology of Ny, PC NY Jul 02, 2015 $38,563
Medical Assistant (Chiropractic) DR. James Santiago Newark, NJ Sep 13, 2016 $38,501
Medical Assistant Family Medical Care Anaheim, CA Feb 22, 2011 $32,098
Medical Assistant Alzheimer Disease Center Winchester, MA Jan 05, 2016 $32,000
Medical Assistant Ohr, Inc. Kennesaw, GA Feb 15, 2008 $32,000
Medical Assistant Ohr, Inc. Kennesaw, GA Aug 05, 2008 $32,000
Medical Assistant RIRA Chiropractic Dc Plano, TX Sep 11, 2015 $32,000
Medical Assistant Pavilion Neurology Medical Group, Inc. Orange, CA Jan 07, 2011 $31,990
Medical Assistant Mark J. Rodrigues, Md Orange, CA May 27, 2011 $31,990
Medical Assistant SM Chiropractic & Pain Clinic P.C. Fort Lee, NJ Apr 28, 2009 $31,827
Medical Assistants LOPA Y.Gupta White Plains, NY Aug 14, 2008 $27,736
Medical Assistants Eduardo L. Pignanelli Phy P.C. New York, NY Sep 23, 2008 $27,736
Medical Assistants Procare Medical Services, P.C. NY Jan 27, 2010 $27,736
Medical Assistant IBN Sina Foundation Houston, TX Jul 02, 2012 $27,685
Medical Assistants F&M Radiology Medical Center Inc. CA Jun 05, 2008 $27,653
Medical Assistant Hippocratus Medical PC New York, NY Jun 04, 2009 $27,643
Medical Assistants Klein and Birns, P.L.L.C. New York, NY Feb 26, 2010 $27,643
Medical Assistant (Research) OSF Saint Francis, Inc. Peoria, IL Jul 20, 2010 $27,548

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Top Skills for A Medical Assistant


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Top Medical Assistant Skills

  1. Vital Signs
  2. EKG
  3. Laboratory Specimens
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Maintained accurate records of patient care, condition, progress and concerns.Monitored vital signs, such as blood pressure and pulse.
  • Updated patient information including weight/height, temperature, blood pressure, heart rate and EKGs and prepared patients for therapy injections.
  • Collected and prepared laboratory specimens.
  • Interviewed patients, measured vital signs, and recorded information in patient's electronic medical records.
  • Keep exam rooms stocked with adequate medical supplies, maintain instruments, prepare sterilization as required.

Top Medical Assistant Employers

Medical Assistant Videos

Medical Assistant Salary | Medical Assistant Job Overview & Education Requirements

Medical Assistant, Career Video from drkit.org

Medical Assistant, Career Video from drkit.org