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Become A Medical Coder

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Working As A Medical Coder

  • Getting Information
  • Processing Information
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Repetitive

  • $47,580

    Average Salary

What Does A Medical Coder Do

A Medical Coder helps determine whether patients receive the right treatments. They record and interpret information about the health conditions of patients using specialized codes and alphanumeric diagnostics.

How To Become A Medical Coder

Health information technicians typically need a postsecondary certificate to enter the occupation, although some may need an associate’s degree. Certification is often required.


Postsecondary certificate and associate’s degree programs in health information technology typically include courses in medical terminology, anatomy and physiology, health data requirements and standards, classification and coding systems, healthcare reimbursement methods, healthcare statistics, and computer systems. Applicants to health information technology programs may increase their chances of admission by taking high school courses in health, computer science, math, and biology.

A high school diploma or equivalent and previous experience in a healthcare setting are enough to qualify for some positions, but most jobs for health information technicians require postsecondary education.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Health information technicians must be able to understand and follow medical records and diagnoses, and then decide how best to code them in a patient’s medical records.

Detail oriented. Health information technicians must be accurate when recording and coding patient information.

Integrity. Health information technicians work with patient data that are required, by law, to be kept confidential. They must exercise caution and a strong sense of ethics when working with this information in order to protect patient confidentiality.

Interpersonal skills. Health information technicians need to be able to discuss patient information, discrepancies, and data requirements with other professionals such as physicians and finance personnel.

Technical skills. Health information technicians must be able to use coding and classification software and the electronic health record (EHR) system that their healthcare organization or physician practice has adopted.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most employers prefer to hire health information technicians who have certification, or they may expect applicants to earn certification shortly after being hired. A health information technician can earn certification from several organizations. Certifications include the Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT) and the Certified Tumor Registrar (CTR), among others.

Some organizations base certification on passing an exam. Others require graduation from an accredited program. Many coding certifications also require coding experience in a work setting. Once certified, technicians typically must renew their certification regularly and take continuing education courses.

A few states and facilities require cancer registrars to be licensed. Licensure requires the completion of a formal education program and the Certified Tumor Registrar (CTR) certification.


Health information technicians may advance to other health information positions by receiving additional education and certifications. Technicians may be able to advance to a position as a medical or health services manager after completing a bachelor’s or master’s degree program and taking the required certification courses. Requirements vary by facility.

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Medical Coder Demographics


  • Female

  • Male

  • Unknown



  • White

  • Hispanic or Latino

  • Asian

  • Unknown

  • Black or African American

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Languages Spoken

  • Spanish

  • French

  • Carrier

  • German

  • Hindi

  • Russian

  • Gujarati

  • Portuguese

  • Tagalog

  • Chinese

  • Japanese

  • Arabic

  • Mandarin

  • Swedish

  • Hmong

  • Korean

  • Italian

  • Urdu

  • Polish

  • Deseret

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Medical Coder Education

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Top Skills for A Medical Coder


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Top Medical Coder Skills

  1. Cpt-4
  2. Guidelines
  3. CPC
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Code ICD-9 and CPT-4 records for physicians Audit physician's documentation to ensure compliance with federal regulations.
  • Practiced management, conceptual thinking, and strategic planning applied; while establishing leadership guidelines
  • Provide ICD9 CM, HCPCS, and CPT codes for ER facility coding.
  • Coded complicated and complex medical specialty clinics and Emergency Room.
  • Coded Outpatient surgery, observation and endoscopy.

Top Medical Coder Employers

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Medical Coder Videos

Medical Coder, Career Video from drkit.org

Medical Coder, Career Video from drkit.org

Work from Home Medical Billing, Advice, and More!