Medical Physicist Careers

Medical physicists combine their knowledge of physics and medicine to aid the development and use of medical radiation technologies. They help healthcare workers safely diagnose and treat patients by ensuring that the equipment is operating efficiently. They also assist with the proper positioning of patients during radiotherapy to protect them from overexposure to radioactive materials. They can work in hospitals, research institutions, universities, and medical instrumentation manufacturing companies.

A medical physicist can choose to work in one of the three main components of work: diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine, or radiotherapy. He/She or she can also work in consultation, research, and development, or teaching. They work closely with doctors, nurses, technicians, and patients in order to properly execute their duties. A successful medical physicist should have medical expertise, analytical skills, communication skills, and problem-solving skills.

Medical physicists work, on average, 40 hours a week. They work in shifts and depending on the institution they work in; they may be expected to be on call throughout, should their services be needed.

There is more than meets the eye when it comes to being a medical physicist. For example, did you know that they make an average of $51.95 an hour? That's $108,052 a year!

Between 2018 and 2028, the career is expected to grow 9% and produce 1,900 job opportunities across the U.S.

What Does a Medical Physicist Do

There are certain skills that many medical physicists have in order to accomplish their responsibilities. By taking a look through resumes, we were able to narrow down the most common skills for a person in this position. We discovered that a lot of resumes listed analytical skills, communication skills and critical-thinking skills.

Learn more about what a Medical Physicist does

How To Become a Medical Physicist

If you're interested in becoming a medical physicist, one of the first things to consider is how much education you need. We've determined that 41.3% of medical physicists have a bachelor's degree. In terms of higher education levels, we found that 40.3% of medical physicists have master's degrees. Even though most medical physicists have a college degree, it's impossible to become one with only a high school degree or GED.

Choosing the right major is always an important step when researching how to become a medical physicist. When we researched the most common majors for a medical physicist, we found that they most commonly earn bachelor's degree degrees or master's degree degrees. Other degrees that we often see on medical physicist resumes include doctoral degree degrees or associate degree degrees.

You may find that experience in other jobs will help you become a medical physicist. In fact, many medical physicist jobs require experience in a role such as research assistant. Meanwhile, many medical physicists also have previous career experience in roles such as physicist or internship.

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Average Salary
Average Salary
Job Growth Rate
Job Growth Rate
Job Openings
Job Openings

Average Salary for a Medical Physicist

Medical Physicists in America make an average salary of $108,052 per year or $52 per hour. The top 10 percent makes over $194,000 per year, while the bottom 10 percent under $60,000 per year.
Average Salary
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Best Paying Cities For Medical Physicists

Average Salarydesc
Baltimore, MD
Salary Range102k - 189k$139k$139,121
Washington, DC
Salary Range100k - 185k$136k$136,478
Rochester, MN
Salary Range95k - 182k$132k$132,244
Boston, MA
Salary Range96k - 179k$132k$132,066
Williamsport, PA
Salary Range91k - 173k$126k$126,200
New York, NY
Salary Range90k - 168k$124k$123,821
Chandler, AZ
Salary Range88k - 169k$122k$122,366
Cleveland, OH
Salary Range88k - 168k$122k$121,790
Milwaukee, WI
Salary Range87k - 167k$121k$120,822
Shreveport, LA
Salary Range86k - 163k$119k$118,574
Omaha, NE
Salary Range83k - 163k$117k$116,808
Tulsa, OK
Salary Range83k - 159k$115k$115,246
Tyler, TX
Salary Range82k - 155k$114k$113,502
Santa Rosa, CA
Salary Range83k - 152k$113k$113,251
Rockford, IL
Salary Range80k - 154k$112k$111,747
Memphis, TN
Salary Range80k - 154k$112k$111,554
Orlando, FL
Salary Range78k - 154k$110k$109,875
Aberdeen, SD
Salary Range77k - 147k$107k$107,150
Livingston, NJ
Salary Range77k - 145k$106k$106,148
Maryland Heights, MO
Salary Range71k - 138k$99k$99,280

Recently Added Salaries

CompanyascdescCompanyascdescStart DateascdescSalaryascdesc
Medical Physicist-Radiation Oncology
Uc Health
Medical Physicist-Radiation Oncology
Medical Physicist C (Radiation Oncology)
University of Pennsylvania
Medical Physicist C
University of Pennsylvania
Certified Medical Physicist/Radiation Physicist
Centura Health
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Medical Physicist Demographics



67.0 %


22.7 %


10.3 %



76.1 %


12.7 %

Black or African American

4.6 %

Foreign Languages Spoken


25.0 %


25.0 %


16.7 %
Show More Medical Physicist Demographics

Medical Physicist Education


43.1 %



41.3 %


40.3 %


14.4 %

Top Colleges for Medical Physicists

1. Harvard University

Cambridge, MA • Private

In-State Tuition

2. University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Ann Arbor, MI • Private

In-State Tuition

3. Yale University

New Haven, CT • Private

In-State Tuition

4. Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH • Private

In-State Tuition

5. University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA • Private

In-State Tuition

6. University of Virginia

Charlottesville, VA • Private

In-State Tuition

7. Northwestern University

Evanston, IL • Private

In-State Tuition

8. Brown University

Providence, RI • Private

In-State Tuition

9. Columbia University in the City of New York

New York, NY • Private

In-State Tuition

10. Tufts University

Medford, MA • Private

In-State Tuition
Show More Medical Physicist Education Requirements

Online Courses For Medical Physicist That You May Like

Medical Terminology

Introduction to the meaning of various roots, terms and combining forms that are components of medical words...

Introduction to Medical Imaging

Your guide to the history, science, math, and economics of medical imaging systems (e.g, X-ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasound)...

Medical Cannabis for Pain Control

Cannabis is a group of flowering plants that has been long used for industrial, recreational and medical purposes. When relating to its medical use, the terms "Medical Cannabis" or "Medical marijuana" has become prevalent. In this course we will use the term "Medical Cannabis". Nowadays, Medical Cannabis involves multiple medical disciplines such as neuroscience, pain, pharmacology, oncology, psychiatry and more. Moreover, it has cultural, agricultural and social, legal and political implication...

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Top Skills For a Medical Physicist

The skills section on your resume can be almost as important as the experience section, so you want it to be an accurate portrayal of what you can do. Luckily, we've found all of the skills you'll need so even if you don't have these skills yet, you know what you need to work on. Out of all the resumes we looked through, 13.6% of medical physicists listed procedures on their resume, but soft skills such as analytical skills and communication skills are important as well.

Best States For a Medical Physicist

Some places are better than others when it comes to starting a career as a medical physicist. The best states for people in this position are New Mexico, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Maryland. Medical physicists make the most in New Mexico with an average salary of $150,252. Whereas in North Carolina and Arkansas, they would average $139,142 and $134,271, respectively. While medical physicists would only make an average of $133,912 in Maryland, you would still make more there than in the rest of the country. We determined these as the best states based on job availability and pay. By finding the median salary, cost of living, and using the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Location Quotient, we narrowed down our list of states to these four.

1. New Mexico

Total Medical Physicist Jobs:
Highest 10% Earn:
Location Quotient:
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here

2. Arkansas

Total Medical Physicist Jobs:
Highest 10% Earn:
Location Quotient:
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here

3. Minnesota

Total Medical Physicist Jobs:
Highest 10% Earn:
Location Quotient:
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here
Full List Of Best States For Medical Physicists

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Updated August 18, 2021