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Become A Mortgage Originator

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Working As A Mortgage Originator

  • Getting Information
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Processing Information
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Make Decisions

  • Repetitive

  • $68,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Mortgage Originator Do

Loan officers evaluate, authorize, or recommend approval of loan applications for people and businesses. 

Duties

Loan officers typically do the following:

  • Contact companies or people to ask if they need a loan
  • Meet with loan applicants to gather personal information and answer questions
  • Explain different types of loans and the terms of each one to applicants
  • Obtain, verify, and analyze the applicant’s financial information, such as the credit rating and income level
  • Review loan agreements to ensure that they comply with federal and state regulations
  • Approve loan applications or refer them to management for a decision

Loan officers use a process called underwriting to assess whether applicants qualify for loans. After collecting and verifying all the required financial documents, the loan officer evaluates the information they obtain to determine the applicant’s need for a loan and ability to pay back the loan. Most firms use underwriting software, which produces a recommendation for the loan based on the applicant’s financial status. After the underwriting software produces a recommendation, loan officers review the output of the software and consider any additional information to make a final decision.

The work of loan officers has sizable customer-service and sales components. Loan officers often answer questions and guide customers through the application process. In addition, many loan officers must market the products and services of their lending institution and actively solicit new business. 

The following are common types of loan officers:

Commercial loan officers specialize in loans to businesses, which often use the loans to buy supplies and upgrade or expand operations. Commercial loans frequently are larger and more complicated than other types of loans. Because companies have such complex financial situations and statements, commercial loans usually require human judgment in addition to the analysis by underwriting software. Furthermore, some commercial loans are so large that no single bank will provide the entire amount requested. In such cases, loan officers may have to work with multiple banks to put together a package of loans. 

Consumer loan officers specialize in loans to people. Consumers take out loans for many reasons, such as buying a car or paying college tuition. For some simple consumer loans, the underwriting process is fully automated. However, the loan officer is still needed to guide applicants through the process and to handle cases with unusual circumstances. Some institutions—usually small banks and credit unions—do not use underwriting software and instead rely on loan officers to complete the underwriting process manually.

Mortgage loan officers specialize in loans used to buy real estate (property and buildings), which are called mortgage loans. Mortgage loan officers work on loans for both residential and commercial properties. Often, mortgage loan officers must seek out clients, which requires developing relationships with real estate companies and other sources that can refer prospective applicants. 

Within these three fields, some loan officers specialize in a particular part of the loan process:

Loan collection officers contact borrowers who fail to make their loan payments on time. They work with borrowers to help them find a way to keep paying off the loan. If the borrower continues to miss payments, loan officers start the process of taking away what the borrower used to secure the loan (called “collateral”)—often a home or car—and selling it to repay the loan. 

Loan underwriters specialize in evaluating whether a client is creditworthy. They collect, verify, and evaluate the client’s financial information provided on their loan applications and then use loan underwriting software to produce recommendations.

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How To Become A Mortgage Originator

Most loan officers need a bachelor’s degree and receive on-the-job training. Mortgage loan officers must be licensed.

Education

Loan officers typically need a bachelor’s degree, usually in a field such as business or finance. Because commercial loan officers analyze the finances of businesses applying for credit, they need to understand general business accounting, including how to read financial statements.  

Some loan officers may be able to enter the occupation without a bachelor’s degree if they have related work experience, such as experience in sales, customer service, or banking. 

Training

Once hired, loan officers usually receive some on-the-job training. This may be a combination of formal, company-sponsored training and informal training during the first few months on the job.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Mortgage loan officers must have a Mortgage Loan Originator (MLO) license. To become licensed, they must complete at least 20 hours of coursework, pass an exam, and submit to background and credit checks. Licenses must be renewed annually, and individual states may have additional requirements.

Several banking associations, including the American Bankers Association and the Mortgage Bankers Association, as well as a number of schools, offer courses, training programs, or certifications for loan officers. Although not required, certification shows dedication and expertise and thus may enhance a candidate’s employment opportunities. 

Important Qualities

Decisionmaking skills. Loan officers must assess an applicant’s financial information and decide whether to award the applicant a loan. 

Detail oriented. Each piece of information on an application can have a major effect on the profitability of a loan, meaning that loan officers must pay attention to detail.

Initiative. Loan officers need to seek out new clients. They often act as salespeople, promoting their lending institution and contacting firms to determine their need for a loan.

Interpersonal skills. Because loan officers work with people, they must be able to guide customers through the application process and answer their questions.

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Mortgage Originator Career Paths

Mortgage Originator
Account Executive Account Manager
Director, Inside Sales
6 Yearsyrs
Account Executive Sales Manager
Branch Sales Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Account Executive Sales Manager Account Manager
Manager, Account Executive
5 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Processor Underwriter
Underwriting Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Processor Underwriter Branch Manager
Senior Branch Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Processor Underwriter Account Manager
Commercial Account Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Loan Officer Branch Manager Owner
Owner And Sales
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Loan Officer Branch Manager Assistant Vice President
Commercial Lending Vice President
11 Yearsyrs
Senior Loan Officer Vice President Vice President And Manager
Vice President Operation Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Home Mortgage Consultant Senior Account Executive Regional Sales Manager
Vice President & Sales Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Home Mortgage Consultant Senior Account Executive Relationship Manager
Senior Relationship Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Home Mortgage Consultant Mortgage Loan Processor Consumer Loan Underwriter
Lending Services Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Banker Senior Account Executive Relationship Manager
Business Relationship Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Banker Senior Loan Processor Assistant Branch Manager
Banking Center Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Banker Relationship Banker Business Banker
Business Development Officer
7 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Underwriter Senior Underwriter Assistant Branch Manager
Finance Center Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Underwriter Assistant Branch Manager
Bank Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Mortgage Underwriter Operations Manager Realtor
Real Estate Management Specialist
7 Yearsyrs
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Top Skills for A Mortgage Originator

  1. Loan Portfolio
  2. Loan Applications
  3. Financial Status
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Increased mortgage loan portfolio by developing business contacts, attracting mortgage customers, completing mortgage loan processing and closing loans.
  • Generated residential mortgage loan applications, facilitated mortgage loan closings, and responsible for growing loan business.
  • Utilize established guidelines to perform an analysis of ratios and to assess client's current financial status.
  • Consulted clients regarding Real Estate transactions and researched and evaluated available alternatives for client loan approvals.
  • Licensed to originate FHA, VA, USDA, MASS Housing, Rural Housing, Commercial and Conventional Mortgages.

Mortgage Originator Demographics

Gender

Male

51.8%

Female

40.7%

Unknown

7.6%
Ethnicity

White

64.6%

Hispanic or Latino

13.9%

Black or African American

12.4%

Asian

6.0%

Unknown

3.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

66.7%

French

12.5%

Portuguese

8.3%

Japanese

4.2%

Dakota

4.2%

Italian

4.2%
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Mortgage Originator Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

18.3%

Pennsylvania State University

8.7%

The Academy

6.3%

Northeastern University

6.3%

Kaplan University

4.8%

University of North Carolina at Greensboro

4.0%

Ferris State University

4.0%

Arizona State University

4.0%

Ohio State University

4.0%

George Mason University

4.0%

University of Connecticut

4.0%

University of Louisiana at Lafayette

4.0%

Indiana University of Pennsylvania

4.0%

Southern New Hampshire University

4.0%

Greenville Technical College

4.0%

Syracuse University

3.2%

Ohio University -

3.2%

Appalachian State University

3.2%

New York University

3.2%

Central Piedmont Community College

3.2%
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Majors

Business

37.1%

Finance

12.5%

Accounting

8.0%

Marketing

5.7%

Real Estate

4.1%

Management

3.9%

Communication

3.9%

Education

3.2%

Psychology

2.4%

Political Science

2.3%

Criminal Justice

2.0%

Law

1.9%

Economics

1.8%

Liberal Arts

1.8%

Insurance

1.8%

General Studies

1.6%

General Sales

1.6%

Computer Science

1.5%

Nursing

1.5%

Health Care Administration

1.4%
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Degrees

Bachelors

45.8%

Other

26.2%

Masters

11.1%

Associate

9.5%

Certificate

3.6%

License

1.3%

Diploma

1.3%

Doctorate

1.3%
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Top Mortgage Originator Employers

Jobs From Top Mortgage Originator Employers

Mortgage Originator Videos

Life of a Mortgage Loan Officer

A Day in the Life - Loan Officer

Mortgage Jobs - Mortgage Bankers, Brokers & Loan Officers

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