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Registered nurses usually take one of three education paths: a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing (BSN), an associate’s degree in nursing (ADN), or a diploma from an approved nursing program. Registered nurses also must be licensed.Education
In all nursing education programs, students take courses in anatomy, physiology, microbiology, chemistry, nutrition, psychology, and other social and behavioral sciences, as well as in liberal arts. BSN programs typically take 4 years to complete; ADN and diploma programs usually take 2 to 3 years to complete. All programs include supervised clinical experience.
Bachelor’s degree programs usually include additional education in the physical and social sciences, communication, leadership, and critical thinking. These programs also offer more clinical experience in nonhospital settings. A bachelor’s degree or higher is often necessary for administrative positions, research, consulting, and teaching.
Generally, licensed graduates of any of the three types of education programs (bachelor’s, associate’s, or diploma) qualify for entry-level positions as a staff nurse. However, employers—particularly those in hospitals—may require a bachelor’s degree.
Many registered nurses with an ADN or diploma choose to go back to school to earn a bachelor’s degree through an RN-to-BSN program. There are also master’s degree programs in nursing, combined bachelor’s and master’s programs, and accelerated programs for those who wish to enter the nursing profession and already hold a bachelor’s degree in another field. Some employers offer tuition reimbursement.
Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) must earn a master’s degree in nursing and typically already have 1 or more years of work experience as an RN or in a related field. CNSs who conduct research typically need a doctoral degree.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
In all states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories, registered nurses must have a nursing license. To become licensed, nurses must graduate from an approved nursing program and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN).
Other requirements for licensing vary by state. Each state’s board of nursing can give details. For more information on the NCLEX-RN and a list of state boards of nursing, visit the National Council of State Boards of Nursing.
Nurses may become certified through professional associations in specific areas, such as ambulatory care, gerontology, and pediatrics, among others. Although certification is usually voluntary, it demonstrates adherence to a higher standard, and some employers require it.
CNSs must satisfy additional state licensing requirements, such as earning specialty certifications. Contact state boards of nursing for specific requirements.Important Qualities
Critical-thinking skills. Registered nurses must be able to assess changes in the health status of patients, including determining when to take corrective action and when to make referrals.
Communication skills. Registered nurses must be able to communicate effectively with patients in order to understand their concerns and assess their health conditions. Nurses need to explain instructions, such as how to take medication, clearly. They must be able to work in teams with other health professionals and communicate the patients’ needs.
Compassion. Registered nurses should be caring and empathetic when caring for patients.
Detail oriented. Registered nurses must be responsible and detail oriented because they must make sure that patients get the correct treatments and medicines at the right time.
Emotional stability. Registered nurses need emotional resilience and the ability to manage their emotions to cope with human suffering, emergencies, and other stresses.
Organizational skills. Nurses often work with multiple patients with various health needs. Organizational skills are critical to ensure that each patient is given appropriate care.
Physical stamina. Nurses should be comfortable performing physical tasks, such as moving patients. They may be on their feet for most of their shift.Advancement
Most registered nurses begin as staff nurses in hospitals or community health settings. With experience, good performance, and continuous education, they can move to other settings or be promoted to positions with more responsibility.
In management, nurses can advance from assistant clinical nurse manager, charge nurse, or head nurse to more senior-level administrative roles, such as assistant director or director of nursing, vice president of nursing, or chief nursing officer. Increasingly, management-level nursing positions are requiring a graduate degree in nursing or health services administration. Administrative positions require leadership, communication skills, negotiation skills, and good judgment.
Some nurses move into the business side of healthcare. Their nursing expertise and experience on a healthcare team equip them to manage ambulatory, acute, home-based, and chronic care businesses. Employers—including hospitals, insurance companies, pharmaceutical manufacturers, and managed care organizations, among others—need registered nurses for jobs in health planning and development, marketing, consulting, policy development, and quality assurance.
Some RNs choose to become nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, or nurse practitioners, which, along with clinical nurse specialists, are types of advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). APRNs may provide primary and specialty care, and in many states they may prescribe medications.
Other nurses work as postsecondary teachers in colleges and universities.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Nurse Clinician
Top Careers After Nurse Clinician
Hispanic or Latino7.9%
Black or African American0.9%
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University of Phoenix7.8%
Johns Hopkins University7.1%
Chamberlain College of Nursing5.9%
University of Virginia5.9%
New York University5.6%
University of Texas Medical Branch5.0%
University of Alabama at Birmingham4.7%
Georgia State University4.7%
University of Maryland - Baltimore4.7%
Grand Canyon University4.7%
University of Cincinnati3.7%
Virginia Commonwealth University3.7%
Loyola University of Chicago3.4%
University of Missouri - Columbia3.4%
University of Illinois at Chicago3.4%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Nurse Clinician III||The Johns Hopkins Hospital||Baltimore, MD||Sep 29, 2014||$88,927|
|WOC Nurse Clinician/Instructor||Emory University||Atlanta, GA||Jun 01, 2015||$85,850|
|Nurse Clinician IV||University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston||Galveston, TX||Jul 20, 2015||$83,435|
|Nurse Clinician IV||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Jul 20, 2012||$78,436|
|Nurse Clinician||Emory Healthcare Inc.||Atlanta, GA||Jan 02, 2016||$77,815|
|Nurse Clinician III||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Sep 07, 2009||$77,391|
|Nurse Clinician||HAYM Salomon Home for Nursing and Rehabilitation||New York, NY||Aug 31, 2016||$76,092|
|Nurse Clinician||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Sep 07, 2009||$75,591|
|Registered Nurse Clinician IV||University of Virginia||Charlottesville, VA||Jul 01, 2010||$73,566|
|Nurse Clinician Iiii||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Feb 11, 2010||$71,577|
|Nurse Clinician III||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Nov 02, 2009||$69,999|
|Research Nurse Clinician||William Beaumont Hospital||Royal Oak, MI||Jul 16, 2015||$69,430|
|Nurse Clinician III||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Dec 06, 2009||$68,457|
|Nurse Clinician||Willliam Beaumont Hospital||Royal Oak, MI||Apr 12, 2014||$68,308|
|Nurse Clinician WEO||Emory Healthcare Inc.||Atlanta, GA||Oct 02, 2015||$67,560|
|Nurse Clinician II||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Feb 07, 2011||$67,199|
|Nurse Clinician||Willliam Beaumont Hospital||Royal Oak, MI||Jun 25, 2012||$66,972|
|Research Nurse Clinician||Willliam Beaumont Hospital||Royal Oak, MI||Jul 16, 2012||$66,972|
|Nurse Clinician II||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Feb 07, 2011||$62,939|
|Nurse Clinician II-Experienced Cmsrn||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Jul 01, 2011||$62,507|
|Nurse Clinician WEO||Emory Healthcare, Inc.||Atlanta, GA||Oct 02, 2012||$62,067|
|Nurse Clinician II||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Jul 05, 2011||$61,430|
|Nurse Clinician II||The University of Texas Medical Branch||Galveston, TX||Jan 01, 2012||$61,430|
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