Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for nurses in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 3,041,281 nurses currently employed in the United States.
  • 86.0% of all nurses are women, while 14.0% are men.
  • The average age of an employed nurse is 44 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of nurses is White (69.6%), followed by Black or African American (11.4%), Hispanic or Latino (8.8%) and Asian (7.9%).
  • Nurses are most in-demand in Omaha, NE.
  • The government industry is the highest-paying for nurses.
  • San Francisco, CA pays an annual average wage of $81,015, the highest in the US.
  • In 2021, women earned 95% of what men earned.
  • 8% of all nurses are LGBT.
  • Massachusetts is the best state for nurses to live.
  • Nurses are 66% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Nurse Statistics By Gender

86.0% of nurses are women and 14.0% of nurses are men.

  • Female, 86.0%
  • Male, 14.0%

Nurses By Gender

GenderPercentages
Female86.0%
Male14.0%

Gender Pay Gap For Nurse

Women Earn 95¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$71,323
female-income
Female Income
$67,730

Nurse Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the nurse position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Nurse Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201013.00%87.00%
201113.50%86.50%
201213.66%86.34%
201314.21%85.79%
201415.44%84.56%
201514.95%85.05%
201615.47%84.53%
201716.24%83.76%
201816.69%83.31%
201916.77%83.23%

Nurse Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, flight surgeon and optometrist, owner have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Staff Nurse Midwife2%98%
Perinatal Nurse3%97%
Therapeutic Dietitian3%97%
Nurse14%86%
Radiology Resident75%25%
Optometrist, Owner76%24%
Flight Surgeon82%18%

Nurse Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among nurses is White, which makes up 69.6% of all nurses. Comparatively, there are 11.4% of the Black or African American ethnicity and 8.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

  • White, 69.6%
  • Black or African American, 11.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 8.8%
  • Asian, 7.9%
  • Unknown, 1.9%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.4%

Nurse Race

Nurse RacePercentages
White69.6%
Black or African American11.4%
Hispanic or Latino8.8%
Asian7.9%
Unknown1.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.4%

Nurse Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among nurses.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Nurse Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201072.30%11.72%7.05%7.02%
201171.89%12.09%6.96%7.08%
201271.49%12.22%7.06%7.31%
201371.33%12.15%7.16%7.26%
201470.14%12.29%7.69%7.79%
201570.33%12.41%7.21%7.92%
201670.13%11.94%7.65%8.18%
201769.77%11.44%7.83%8.52%
201869.57%12.11%7.56%8.42%
201969.60%11.45%7.87%8.78%

Nurse Wage Gap By Race

Asian nurses have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Black or african american nurses have the lowest average salary at $65,610.
$78,000
$75,000
$72,000
$69,000
$66,000
$63,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$69,351
White$66,641
Black or African American$65,610
Asian$76,688
Hispanic or Latino$69,342

Nurse JOBS

Average Age of a Nurse

We determined the average age of nurses based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Nurse Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American4546
Unknown3739
Asian4245
Hispanic or Latino4038
White4345
American Indian and Alaska Native44

Nurse Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of nurse employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of nurses is 40+ years old, which represents 61% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Nurse Age

Nurse YearsPercentages
40+ years61%
30-40 years26%
20-30 years13%

Types of Nurse Degree Levels

The most common degree for nurses is bachelor's degree 43% of nurses earn that degree. A close second is associate degree with 35% and rounding it off is diploma with 9%.

  • Bachelors, 43%
  • Associate, 35%
  • Diploma, 9%
  • Masters, 7%
  • Other Degrees, 6%

Nurses By Education

Nurse DegreePercentages
Bachelors43%
Associate35%
Diploma9%
Masters7%
Other Degrees6%

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Nurse Wage Gap By Education

Nurses with a Masters degree earn more than those without, at $77,729 annually. With a Doctorate degree, nurses earn a median annual income of $72,795 compared to $67,730 for nurses with an Bachelors degree.
$82,000
$78,000
$74,000
$70,000
$66,000
$62,000
$58,000
Master's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Doctorate Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
Master's Degree$77,729
Bachelor's Degree$67,730
Doctorate Degree$72,795
Some College/ Associate Degree$61,363

Nurse Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where nurses work. We found most nurses work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most nurses is the health care industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire nurses.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Nurse Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees5%
50 - 100 employees3%
100 - 500 employees10%
500 - 1,000 employees15%
1,000 - 10,000 employees47%
> 10,000 employees20%

The Types Of Companies Nurse Work In

Employees with the nurse job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most nurses prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Nurse Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education10%
Public16%
Private66%
Government8%

Top Industries Hiring Nurses

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ nurses. Those industries include health care, insurance and professional.

Health Care

Non Profits

Professional

Finance

Fortune 500

Nurse Turnover And Employment Statistics

Nurse Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of nurses changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Nurse Unemployment Rate By Year

YearNurse Unemployment Rate
20101.90%
20111.97%
20121.94%
20131.69%
20141.75%
20151.37%
20161.10%
20171.04%
20181.07%
20191.04%

The Average Number of Years That Nurse Stay in a Job

By looking over 65,309 nurses resumes, we figured out that the average nurse enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 34%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Nurse Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year24%
1-2 years34%
3-4 years14%
5-7 years15%
8-10 years6%
11+ years8%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Nurses with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to nurses.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Pharmacist5.03%50,943
Cardiothoracic Anesthesia Technician7.51%6,831
Nurse8.34%
Environmental Health Physician13.39%121,763
Chief, Optometry Service13.47%20,889
Orthoptist16.48%74900.00%
Heart Surgeon20.24%3,649

Nurse LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Pharmacist5.03%50,943
Cardiothoracic Anesthesia Technician7.51%6,831
Environmental Health Physician13.39%121,763
Chief, Optometry Service13.47%20,889
Orthoptist16.48%749
Heart Surgeon20.24%3,649

Foreign Languages Spoken By Nurses

The most common foreign language among nurses is Spanish at 61.2%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 8.0% and Russian is the third-most popular at 4.9%.

  • Spanish, 61.2%
  • French, 8.0%
  • Russian, 4.9%
  • Chinese, 2.7%
  • Tagalog, 2.7%
  • Other, 20.5%

Nurse Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish61.2%
French8.0%
Russian4.9%
Chinese2.7%
Tagalog2.7%
Other20.5%

Nurse Jobs

Recently Added Nurse Jobs

Nurse Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a nurse can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of nurses is $78,740. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Nurses Earn The Most?

Nurses earn the most in California, where the average nurse salary is $78,160. The map here shows where nurses earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Which State Has The Most Nurses?

By looking through more than 65,309 resumes, we found that the most popular places for nurses are New York, NY and Houston, TX.

Number of Nurses

Number Of Nurse Jobs By State

Where Are Nurses In High Demand?

Nurses are in high demand in Omaha, NE. There are currently 123 job openings for nurses here. We looked over job openings to determine where in the country nurses are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Nurse Demographics FAQs

What Percentage Of Nurses Are Female?

83.2% of nurses are female in the United States. This is -0.1 percentage points lower than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female nurses has decreased by -3.8 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 2,530,345 female nurses in the U.S. and 510,936 male nurses in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 3,041,281 people with the specific job title of nurse and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

How Many Nurse Are There In The Us?

There are over 3,037,611 Nurses in the United States.

What Percentage Of Nurses Are Black?

11.4% of Nurses are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Nurses?

Most a are White, with 69.6% of Nurses belonging to this ethnicity. 11.4% of Nurses are Black or African American, 8.8% of Nurses are Hispanic or Latino, 7.9% of Nurses are Asian, 1.9% of Nurses are Unknown, and 0.4% of Nurses are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Nurse Jobs Male - Dominated ?

No, Nurse jobs are not male - dominated. 86% of Nurses are female, and 14% are male, so there are more female Nurses than male Nurses in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Nurse ?

The average Nurse is 44 years old. 61% of Nurses are 40+ years old or older, 26% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 13% are between 20-30 years old

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