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Become A Nurse Practitioner

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Working As A Nurse Practitioner

  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Getting Information
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Stressful

  • Make Decisions

  • $88,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Nurse Practitioner Do

Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare. The scope of practice varies from state to state.

Duties

Advanced practice registered nurses typically do the following:

  • Take and record patients' medical histories and symptoms
  • Perform physical exams and observe patients
  • Create plans for patients’ care or contribute to existing plans
  • Perform and order diagnostic tests
  • Operate and monitor medical equipment
  • Diagnose various health problems
  • Analyze test results or changes in a patient’s condition, and alter treatment plans, as needed
  • Give patients medicines and treatments
  • Evaluate a patient’s response to medicines and treatments
  • Consult with doctors and other healthcare professionals, as needed
  • Counsel and teach patients and their families how to stay healthy or manage their illnesses or injuries
  • Conduct research

APRNs work independently or in collaboration with physicians. In most states, they can prescribe medications, order medical tests, and diagnose health problems. They may provide primary and preventive care and may specialize in care for certain groups of people, such as children, pregnant women, or patients with mental health disorders.

Some APRN duties are the same as those for registered nurses, including gathering information about a patient’s condition and taking action to treat or manage the patient’s health. However, APRNs are trained to perform many additional functions, including ordering and evaluating test results, referring patients to specialists, and diagnosing and treating ailments. APRNs focus on patient-centered care, which means understanding a patient’s concerns and lifestyle before choosing a course of action.

APRNs also may conduct research or teach staff about new policies or procedures. Others may provide consultation services based on a specific field of knowledge, such as oncology, which is the study of cancer.

The following are types of APRNs:

Nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) provide anesthesia and related care before, during, and after surgical, therapeutic, diagnostic, and obstetrical procedures. They also provide pain management and some emergency services. Before a procedure begins, nurse anesthetists discuss with a patient any medications the patient is taking as well as any allergies or illnesses the patient may have, so that anesthesia can be safely administered. Nurse anesthetists then give a patient general anesthesia to put the patient to sleep so they feel no pain during surgery or administer a regional or local anesthesia to numb an area of the body. They remain with the patient throughout a procedure to monitor vital signs and adjust the anesthesia as necessary.

Nurse midwives (CNMs) provide care to women, including gynecological exams, family planning services, and prenatal care. They deliver babies; manage emergency situations during labor, such as hemorrhaging; repair lacerations; and may provide surgical assistance to physicians during cesarean births. They may act as primary care providers for women and newborns. Nurse midwives also provide wellness care, educating their patients on how to lead healthy lives by discussing topics such as nutrition and disease prevention. Nurse midwives also provide care to their patients’ partners for sexual or reproductive health issues.

Nurse practitioners (NPs) serve as primary and specialty care providers, delivering advanced nursing services to patients and their families. NPs assess patients, determine the best way to improve or manage a patient’s health, and discuss ways to integrate health promotion strategies into a patient’s life. They typically care for a certain population of people. For instance, NPs may work in adult and geriatric health, pediatric health, or psychiatric and mental health.

Although the scope of their duties varies some by state, many nurse practitioners work independently, prescribe medications, and order laboratory tests. All nurse practitioners consult with physicians and other health professionals when needed.

See the profile on registered nurses for more information on clinical nurse specialists (CNSs), also considered to be a type of APRN.

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How To Become A Nurse Practitioner

Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), must earn at least a master’s degree in one of the specialty roles. APRNs must also be licensed registered nurses in their state and pass a national certification exam.

Education

Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners must earn a master’s degree from an accredited program. These programs include both classroom education and clinical experience. Courses in anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology are common as well as coursework specific to the chosen APRN role.

An APRN must have a registered nursing (RN) license before pursuing education in one of the advanced practice roles, and a strong background in science is helpful.

Most APRN programs prefer candidates who have a bachelor’s degree in nursing. However, some schools offer bridge programs for registered nurses with an associate’s degree or diploma in nursing. Graduate-level programs are also available for individuals who did not obtain a bachelor’s degree in nursing but in a related health science field. These programs prepare the student for the RN licensure exam in addition to the APRN curriculum

Although a master’s degree is the most common form of entry-level education, many APRNs choose to earn a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) or a Ph.D. The specific educational requirements and qualifications for each of the roles are available on professional organizations’ websites.

Nurse anesthetists must have 1 year of clinical experience as a prerequisite for admission to an accredited nurse anesthetist program. Candidates typically have experience working as a registered nurse in an acute care or critical care setting.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most states recognize all of the APRN roles. In states that recognize some or all of the roles, APRNs must have a registered nursing license, complete an accredited graduate-level program, and pass a national certification exam. Each state’s board of nursing can provide details.

The Consensus Model for APRN Regulation, a document developed by a wide variety of professional nursing organizations, including the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, aims to standardize APRN requirements. The model recommends all APRNs to complete a graduate degree from an accredited program; be a licensed registered nurse; pass a national certification exam; and earn a second license specific to one of the APRN roles and to a certain group of patients.

Certification is required in the vast majority of states to use an APRN title. Certification is used to show proficiency in an APRN role and is often a requirement for state licensure.

The National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists (NBCRNA) offers the National Certification Examination (NCE). Certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) must recertify every 2 years, which includes 40 hours of continuing education.

The American Midwifery Certification Board offers the Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM). Individuals with this designation must recertify every 5 years.

There are a number of certification exams for nurse practitioners because of the large number of populations NPs may work with and the number of specialty areas in which they may practice. Certifications are available from a number of professional organizations, including the American Nurses Credentialing Center and the Pediatric Nursing Certification Board.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Advanced practice registered nurses must be able to communicate with patients and other healthcare professionals to ensure that the appropriate course of action is understood.

Critical-thinking skills. APRNs must be able to assess changes in a patient’s health, quickly determine the most appropriate course of action, and decide if a consultation with another healthcare professional is needed.

Compassion. Nurses should be caring and sympathetic when treating patients who are in pain or who are experiencing emotional distress.

Detail oriented. APRNs must be responsible and detail- oriented because they provide various treatments and medications that affect the health of their patients. During an evaluation, they must pick up on even the smallest changes in a patient’s condition.

Interpersonal skills. Advanced practice registered nurses must work with patients and families as well as with other healthcare providers and staff within the organizations where they provide care. They should work as part of a team to determine and execute the best possible healthcare options for the patients they treat.

Leadership skills. Advanced practice registered nurses often work in positions of seniority. They must effectively lead and sometimes manage other nurses on staff when providing patient care.

Resourcefulness. APRNs must know where to find the answers that they need in a timely fashion.

Advancement

Because the APRN designation is in itself an advancement of one’s career, many APRNs choose to remain in this role for the duration of their career. Some APRNs may take on managerial or administrative roles, while others go into academia. APRNs who earn a doctoral degree may conduct independent research or work in an interprofessional research team.

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Average Length of Employment
Nurse Practitioner 5.0 years
Top Careers Before Nurse Practitioner
Staff Nurse 21.8%
Nurse 5.8%
Top Careers After Nurse Practitioner
Nurse 8.1%
Instructor 2.1%
Faculty 2.1%

Do you work as a Nurse Practitioner?

Nurse Practitioner Demographics

Gender

Female

78.6%

Male

11.9%

Unknown

9.5%
Ethnicity

White

62.6%

Hispanic or Latino

13.0%

Black or African American

12.8%

Asian

8.1%

Unknown

3.6%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

62.4%

French

6.4%

Chinese

3.3%

Mandarin

3.1%

Russian

2.9%

Korean

2.7%

Vietnamese

2.5%

Hindi

2.3%

Portuguese

1.9%

Tagalog

1.7%

Italian

1.4%

Cantonese

1.4%

German

1.4%

Gujarati

1.2%

Ukrainian

1.2%

Japanese

1.2%

Urdu

0.8%

Arabic

0.8%

Hebrew

0.6%

Thai

0.6%
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Nurse Practitioner Education

Schools

Vanderbilt University

10.3%

Walden University

9.8%

University of Cincinnati

7.2%

University of South Alabama

6.5%

University of Alabama at Birmingham

6.4%

University of Phoenix

6.3%

University of Pennsylvania

5.4%

South University

5.2%

Emory University

4.6%

University of South Florida

3.8%

Texas Woman's University

3.8%

Maryville University of Saint Louis

3.7%

Columbia University

3.7%

University of Maryland - Baltimore

3.6%

Regis College

3.5%

New York University

3.3%

Frontier Nursing University

3.3%

University of California - San Francisco

3.2%

University of California - Los Angeles

3.2%

University of Alabama

3.1%
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Majors

Nursing

77.7%

Family Practice Nursing

11.7%

Nursing Science

2.7%

Clinical Psychology

1.1%

Business

0.9%

Medicine

0.9%

Gerontology

0.7%

Education

0.7%

Public Health

0.6%

Health Care Administration

0.5%

Health/Medical Preparatory Programs

0.5%

Psychology

0.4%

Biology

0.3%

Medical Assisting Services

0.2%

Management

0.2%

Elementary Education

0.2%

Health Sciences And Services

0.2%

Ethnic, Gender And Minority Studies

0.2%

Pharmacy

0.2%

Health And Wellness

0.1%
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Degrees

Masters

74.1%

Doctorate

7.7%

Other

6.6%

Bachelors

6.2%

Certificate

3.3%

Associate

1.5%

Diploma

0.4%

License

0.1%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary
Average Yearly Salary
$88,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$68,000
Min 10%
$88,000
Median 50%
$88,000
Median 50%
$88,000
Median 50%
$88,000
Median 50%
$88,000
Median 50%
$88,000
Median 50%
$88,000
Median 50%
$114,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
trustaff
Highest Paying City
Boston, MA
Highest Paying State
Maine
Avg Experience Level
4.8 years
How much does a Nurse Practitioner make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Nurse Practitioner in the United States is $88,855 per year or $43 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $68,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $115,000.

Real Nurse Practitioner Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Nurse Practitioner Apogee Medical Group, New York, PC Malone, NY Aug 04, 2016 $140,000
Nurse Practitioner Apogee Medical Group, New Mexico, Inc. Roswell, NM Jan 10, 2016 $140,000
Nurse Practitioner Apogee Medical Group, New York, PC Buffalo, NY Jan 12, 2015 $130,000
Nurse Practitioner Apogee Medical Group, New York, PC Buffalo, NY Sep 17, 2015 $130,000
Nurse Practitioner Apogee Medical Group, New York, PC Buffalo, NY Jan 08, 2016 $130,000
Nurse Practitioner Chinese Hospital Association San Francisco, CA Sep 01, 2015 $128,960
Nurse Practitioner TMH Physician Organization Houston, TX Jan 07, 2016 $126,796
Nurse Practitioner Apogee Medical Group, New Mexico, Inc. Las Cruces, NM Oct 01, 2015 $125,000
Clinical Nurse Practitioner Weill Cornell Medical College New York, NY Feb 11, 2015 $125,000
Clinical Nurse Practitioner Weill Cornell Medical College New York, NY Nov 02, 2015 $125,000
Nurse Practitioner JIAN Cui Dermatology PC New York, NY Feb 09, 2016 $122,789
Nurse Practitioner BAZ Allergy, Asthma & Sinus Center, Inc. Turlock, CA May 16, 2016 $120,000
Nurse Practitioner BAZ Allergy, Asthma & Sinus Center, Inc. Modesto, CA Jun 29, 2016 $120,000
Nurse Practitioner Evergreen Medical Clinic, PC New York, NY Aug 28, 2015 $98,000
Nurse Practitioner The University of Texas at Arlington Arlington, TX Aug 27, 2016 $96,800
Nurse Practitioner IMD Medical Group, Inc. Los Angeles, CA Aug 23, 2015 $96,002
Nurse Practitioner Berkshire Faculty Services, Inc. Pittsfield, MA Jan 07, 2016 $94,203
Nurse Practitioner Heart Center of Orange County Fountain Valley, CA May 09, 2016 $94,000
Nurse Practitioner North East Medical Services San Francisco, CA Aug 01, 2015 $94,000
Nurse Practitioner Horisons Unlimited Livingston, CA Sep 05, 2015 $93,915
Nurse Practitioner Horisons Unlimited Merced, CA Sep 05, 2015 $93,915
Nurse Practitioner Essen Medical Associates PC New York, NY Jan 05, 2015 $87,422
Nurse Practitioner House Call Medical Services of New York, PLLC New York, NY Jan 05, 2015 $87,422
Nurse Practitioner 123 Lafayette Management Corp. New York, NY Sep 16, 2015 $87,422
Nurse Practitioner Jose M. Limon Md A Professional Medical Corporation Moreno Valley, CA Sep 01, 2015 $87,360
Nurse Practitioner Asian Services In Action, Inc. Cleveland, OH Jan 01, 2015 $87,273
Nurse Practitioner JIAN Jun Li GI Medical P.C. New York, NY Aug 01, 2015 $87,000
Nurse Practitioner Cleveland Clinic Cleveland, OH Jan 12, 2016 $86,975
Nurse Practitioner Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD Jan 02, 2016 $86,665

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Top Skills for A Nurse Practitioner

  1. Patient Care
  2. Health Care
  3. Primary Care Services
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Developed treatment plans and evaluated/revised patient care needs.
  • Collaborated with pharmaceutical sales representatives to provide educational programming for health care providers and key opinion leaders.
  • Provided primary care services for nursing home residents, including those receiving skilled nursing and rehabilitation services.
  • Documented assessments, diagnosis and treatments via electronic medical records systems.
  • Conduct comprehensive physical examinations for HealthSpring members with emphasis on preventative health and maintenance of acute and chronic illnesses.

What is it like to work as a Nurse Practitioner

4.0

Great Profession

October 11, 2019 on Zippia

What was your job title?

Nurse Practitioner.. Show More

What do you like the most about working as Nurse Practitioner?

I like the autonomy and the fulfillment of helping others... Show More

What do you NOT like?

I dislike the variations in the pay rates between NPs and PAs... Show More

2.0

Love/Hate

August 1, 2019 on Zippia

What was your job title?

Nurse Practitioner.. Show More

What do you like the most about working as Nurse Practitioner?

patient interaction, discussion of anything encouraging as they deal with longterm chronic illnesses. Empowering the patient to be part of the solution, and also to find ways to focus outside of their illness. And I love discussing research with patients when it relates ... Show More

What do you NOT like?

#1 Administration does not value you as a health professional. They are stuck in the image of the nurse meaning we follow. They don't see us as clinicians that make a difference not just by caring, but by evaluating organ systems, medication regimens, finding the answer by communicating and getting a great history in regards to chief complaints, evaluating labs and staying up to date with research. I and other NP's before me laid the groundwork for our profession y working hard and being smart and educated. I have seen how companies want to get rid of the experienced NP to fill the role with two entry level NP's. There is age discrimination on top of it, it's not just the pay.

#2 Arrogant doctors who push most of the work onto you in regards to documentation and also patient's medical management. Then act like they are "so busy". We know the good doctors from the ones who are their own fan club... Show More

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Top 10 Best States for Nurse Practitioners

  1. New Mexico
  2. Alaska
  3. Rhode Island
  4. Connecticut
  5. Nevada
  6. New Jersey
  7. Arizona
  8. Wyoming
  9. California
  10. North Dakota
  • (107 jobs)
  • (38 jobs)
  • (56 jobs)
  • (292 jobs)
  • (79 jobs)
  • (321 jobs)
  • (210 jobs)
  • (12 jobs)
  • (1,019 jobs)
  • (33 jobs)

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