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Electrical and electronics engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, so participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience. Having a Professional Engineer (PE) license may improve an engineer’s chances of finding employment.Education
High school students interested in studying electrical or electronics engineering benefit from taking courses in physics and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting are also helpful, because electrical and electronics engineers often are required to prepare technical drawings.
In order to enter the occupation, prospective electrical and electronics engineers need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Courses include digital systems design, differential equations, and electrical circuit theory. Programs in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology should be accredited by ABET.
Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education. Cooperative programs combine classroom study with practical work. Internships provide similar experience and are growing in number.
At some universities, students can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities, or in research and development.Important Qualities
Concentration. Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products. They must be able to keep track of multiple design elements and technical characteristics when performing these tasks.
Initiative. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake. In addition, they must engage in continuing education to keep up with changes in technology.
Interpersonal skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to work with others during the manufacturing process to ensure that their plans are implemented correctly. This collaboration includes monitoring technicians and devising remedies to problems as they arise.
Math skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment.
Speaking skills. Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to explain their designs and reasoning clearly and to relay instructions during product development and production. They also may need to explain complex issues to customers who have little or no technical expertise.
Writing skills. Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as electrical and electronics engineers. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam can be taken right after graduation from a college or university. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After getting work experience, EITs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses to keep their license. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.Advancement
Electrical and electronic engineers may advance to supervisory positions in which they lead a team of engineers and technicians. Some may move to management positions, working as engineering or program managers. Preparation for managerial positions usually requires working under the guidance of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.
For sales work, an engineering background enables engineers to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Office Engineer
Top Careers After Office Engineer
Hispanic or Latino12.7%
Black or African American1.4%
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University of Phoenix10.3%
Wentworth Institute of Technology7.5%
University of Puerto Rico - Mayaguez5.6%
University of Texas at Austin5.6%
University of Florida5.6%
University of Alabama4.7%
New York University4.7%
George Washington University4.7%
Texas Tech University4.7%
Texas A&M University4.7%
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University4.7%
Georgia Institute of Technology -4.7%
Florida International University3.7%
Saint Louis University-3.7%
University of Maryland - University College3.7%
State University of New York Buffalo3.7%
University of Southern Mississippi3.7%
West Virginia University3.7%
New Jersey Institute of Technology3.7%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Office Engineer||Frontier-Kemper Constructors, Inc.||Pelham, NY||Apr 01, 2014||$120,120|
|Back Office Engineer||Stamford Health System, Inc. (Stamford Hospital)||Stamford, CT||Apr 23, 2015||$110,000|
|International Field Office Engineer||Henkels & McCoy, Inc.||Norman, OK||Aug 31, 2014||$96,660|
|Office Engineer||Traylor Bros, Inc.||Washington, DC||Mar 30, 2011||$95,000|
|Office Engineer||Collective Management Services Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Jul 28, 2011||$93,650|
|Office Engineer||Collective Management Services, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Sep 01, 2012||$93,650|
|Office Engineer||Collective Management Services Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Nov 15, 2011||$93,650|
|Office Engineer||Collective Management Services, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Feb 16, 2013||$93,600|
|Office Engineer III||M.C.Dean, Inc.||Euless, TX||Jul 27, 2016||$89,190|
|International Field Office Engineer||Henkels & McCoy, Inc.||Norman, OK||Aug 31, 2013||$88,470|
|Office Engineer||Hensel Phelps Construction Co.||San Francisco, CA||Sep 03, 2012||$86,010|
|JD Power Office Engineer||Volkswagen Group of America, Inc.||Auburn Hills, MI||Nov 01, 2011||$85,000|
|Office Engineer||EPC Consultants, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Jun 01, 2014||$75,591|
|Field Office Engineer||Aecom USA, Inc.||Lake Forest, CA||Jun 22, 2010||$75,587|
|Field Office Engineer||Aecom USA, Inc.||Lake Forest, CA||Jun 02, 2010||$75,587|
|Office Engineer||Obayashi Corporation||Burlingame, CA||Sep 10, 2014||$75,338|
|Office Engineer||Clark Construction Group-California, LP||Oakland, CA||Sep 21, 2010||$75,246|
|Office Engineer||Ammann & Whitney, Inc.||North Haven, CT||Sep 10, 2012||$74,880|
|Office Engineer||HAKS Engineers PC||Middletown, CT||Feb 25, 2015||$73,320|
|Office Engineer||Prime AE Group, Inc.||Owings Mills, MD||Sep 22, 2015||$73,299|
|Field Office Engineer||Aecom Technical Services, Inc.||Orange, CA||Nov 14, 2013||$64,639 -
|Office Engineer||Clark Foundations, LLC||Bethesda, MD||Sep 15, 2013||$64,522|
|Office Engineer||Clark Construction Group, LLC.||Bethesda, MD||Sep 15, 2013||$64,522|
|Office Engineer I||Parsons Brinckerhoff Inc.||Houston, TX||Sep 25, 2015||$64,480|
|Office Engineer||Hensel Phelps Construction Co.||Los Angeles, CA||Dec 15, 2011||$64,147|
|Office Engineer||Parsons Brinckerhoff, Inc.||New York, NY||Sep 18, 2013||$64,025|
|Office Engineer||Austin Commercial LP||Vista, CA||Aug 26, 2015||$62,816|
|Office Engineer||Clark Construction Group, LLC.||Bethesda, MD||Sep 01, 2015||$62,080|
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