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Become An Oiler

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Working As An Oiler

  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Getting Information
  • Controlling Machines and Processes
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • $75,000

    Average Salary

What Does An Oiler Do

Industrial machinery mechanics and machinery maintenance workers maintain and repair factory equipment and other industrial machinery, such as conveying systems, production machinery, and packaging equipment. Millwrights install, dismantle, repair, reassemble, and move machinery in factories, power plants, and construction sites.

Duties

Industrial machinery mechanics typically do the following:

  • Read technical manuals to understand equipment and controls
  • Disassemble machinery and equipment when there is a problem
  • Repair or replace broken or malfunctioning components
  • Perform tests and run initial batches to make sure that the machine is running smoothly
  • Adjust and calibrate equipment and machinery to optimal specifications

Machinery maintenance workers typically do the following:

  • Detect minor problems by performing basic diagnostic tests
  • Clean and lubricate equipment or machinery
  • Check the performance of machinery
  • Test malfunctioning machinery to determine whether major repairs are needed
  • Adjust equipment and reset or calibrate sensors and controls

Millwrights typically do the following:

  • Install or repair machinery and equipment
  • Adjust and align machine parts
  • Replace defective parts of machinery as needed
  • Take apart existing machinery to clear floor space for new machinery
  • Move machinery and equipment

Industrial machinery mechanics, also called maintenance machinists, keep machines in good working order. To do this task, they must be able to detect and correct errors before the machine or the products it produces are damaged. Industrial machinery mechanics use technical manuals, their understanding of industrial equipment, and careful observation to determine the cause of a problem. For example, after hearing a vibration from a machine, they must decide whether it is the result of worn belts, weak motor bearings, or some other problem. These mechanics often need years of training and experience to be able to diagnose all of the problems they find in their work. They may use computerized diagnostic systems and vibration analysis techniques to help figure out the source of problems. Examples of machines they may work with are robotic welding arms, automobile assembly line conveyor belts, and hydraulic lifts.

After diagnosing a problem, the industrial machinery mechanic may take the equipment apart to repair or replace the necessary parts. Mechanics use their knowledge of electronics and computer programming to repair sophisticated equipment. Once a repair is made, mechanics test a machine to ensure that it is running smoothly. Industrial machinery mechanics also do preventive maintenance.

In addition to working with hand tools, mechanics commonly use lathes, grinders, or drill presses. Many also are required to weld.

Machinery maintenance workers do basic maintenance and repairs on machines. They clean and lubricate machinery, perform basic diagnostic tests, check the performance of the machine, and test damaged machine parts to determine whether major repairs are necessary.

Machinery maintenance workers must follow machine specifications and adhere to maintenance schedules. They perform minor repairs, generally leaving major repairs to machinery mechanics.

All maintenance workers use a variety of tools to do repairs and preventive maintenance. For example, they may use a screwdriver or socket wrenches to adjust a motor’s alignment, or they might use a hoist to lift a heavy printing press off the ground.

Millwrights install, maintain, and disassemble industrial machines. Putting together a machine can take a few days or several weeks.

Millwrights perform repairs that include replacing worn or defective parts of machines. Millwrights also may be involved in taking apart the entire machine, a common situation when a manufacturing plant needs to clear floor space for new machinery. In taking apart a machine, each part of the machine must be carefully disassembled, categorized, and packaged.

Millwrights use a variety of hand tools, such as hammers and levels, as well as equipment for welding, brazing, and cutting. They also use measuring tools, such as micrometers, measuring tapes, lasers, and other precision-measuring devices. On large projects, they commonly use cranes and trucks. When millwrights and managers determine the best place for a machine, millwrights use forklifts, hoists, winches, cranes, and other equipment to bring the parts to the desired location.

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How To Become An Oiler

Industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights typically need a high school diploma. However, industrial machinery mechanics need a year or more of training after high school, whereas machinery maintenance workers typically receive on-the-job training that lasts a few months to a year.

Most millwrights go through an apprenticeship program that lasts about 4 years. Programs are usually a combination of technical instruction and on-the-job training. Others learn their trade through a 2-year associate’s degree program in industrial maintenance.

Education

Employers of industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights generally require them to have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. Employers prefer to hire workers who have taken high school or postsecondary courses in mechanical drawing, mathematics, blueprint reading, computer programming, and electronics. Some mechanics and millwrights complete a 2-year associate’s degree program in industrial maintenance.

Training

Industrial machinery mechanics may receive more than a year of on-the-job training, while machinery maintenance workers typically receive training that lasts a few months to a year. Industrial machinery mechanics and machinery maintenance workers learn how to perform routine tasks, such as setting up, cleaning, lubricating, and starting machinery. They may also be instructed in subjects such as shop mathematics, blueprint reading, proper hand tools use, welding, electronics, and computer programming. This training may be offered on the job by professional trainers hired by the employer or by representatives of equipment manufacturers.

Most millwrights learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship. For each year of the program, apprentices must have at least 144 hours of relevant technical instruction and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. On the job, apprentices learn to set up, clean, lubricate, repair, and start machinery. During technical instruction, they are taught welding, mathematics, how to read blueprints, how to use electronic and pneumatic devices, and how to use grease and fluid properly. Many also receive computer training. 

After completing an apprenticeship program, millwrights are considered fully qualified and can usually perform tasks with less guidance. 

Employers, local unions, contractor associations, and the state labor department often sponsor apprenticeship programs. The basic qualifications for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work
Important Qualities

Manual dexterity. When handling very small parts, workers must have a steady hand and good hand-eye coordination.

Mechanical skills. Industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights use technical manuals and sophisticated diagnostic equipment to figure out why machines are not working. Workers must be able to reassemble large, complex machines after finishing a repair.

Troubleshooting skills. Industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights must observe, diagnose, and fix problems that a machine may be having.

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Oiler Career Paths

Oiler
Operator Driver Foreman
Superintendent
8 Yearsyrs
Operator Technician Field Service Technician
Service Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Operator Foreman Superintendent
Construction Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Heavy Equipment Operator Foreman Superintendent
General Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Heavy Equipment Operator Driver Technician
Maintenance Supervisor
7 Yearsyrs
Heavy Equipment Operator Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Maintenance Director
11 Yearsyrs
Mechanic Electrician Maintenance Supervisor
Maintenance Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Mechanic Electrician Supervisor
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Mechanic Field Service Technician Owner
Facilities Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Driver Electrician Maintenance Supervisor
Assistant Maintenance Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Welder Field Service Technician Maintenance Manager
Facilities Maintenance Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Welder Maintenance Technician Aircraft Mechanic
Lead Mechanic
6 Yearsyrs
Welder Shop Foreman
Senior Mechanic
6 Yearsyrs
Crane Operator Maintenance Technician Hvac Technician
Maintenance Lead Technician
7 Yearsyrs
Crane Operator Millwright Superintendent
Project And Field Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Crane Operator Millwright Maintenance Manager
Assistant Chief Engineer
7 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Specialist Lead Technician
Service Technician Lead
6 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Field Technician Shop Foreman
Mechanics Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Truck Operator Millwright
Maintenance Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Engineer Construction Manager Director Of Facilities
Director, Facilities & Operations
6 Yearsyrs
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Top Skills for An Oiler

  1. Engine Room Equipment
  2. Diesel Engines
  3. Machinery Spaces
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Perform preventive maintenance and repair on all engine room equipment, diesel locomotive engines, mechanical and electrical operating systems.
  • Care and maintenance of vessel's machinery and machinery spaces.
  • Preformed preventative maintenance on construction equipment.- In field equipment service.- Welded machinery.- Rebuilt hydraulic cylinders.- Transmission and clutch repair.
  • Serviced and operated heavy equipment.
  • Grease EquipmentHeavy LiftingMeasure DitchesSetup Water PumpsTraffic ControlWorked Safe

Oiler Demographics

Gender

Male

82.2%

Female

9.5%

Unknown

8.3%
Ethnicity

White

64.0%

Hispanic or Latino

14.1%

Black or African American

12.5%

Asian

5.6%

Unknown

3.9%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

83.3%

Italian

16.7%

Oiler Education

Schools

Universal Technical Institute

10.9%

Lane Community College

8.7%

The Academy

8.7%

Lewis-Clark State College

4.3%

Texas Southern University

4.3%

University of Alabama

4.3%

A-Technical College

4.3%

Coastal Bend College

4.3%

Clackamas Community College

4.3%

Delta College

4.3%

Great Basin College

4.3%

Helena College University of Montana

4.3%

Houston Community College

4.3%

University of Phoenix

4.3%

Maritime Institute

4.3%

Kansas State University

4.3%

More Tech Institute

4.3%

The Spa School

4.3%

ITI Technical College

4.3%

Central Washington University

2.2%
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Majors

Business

13.4%

General Studies

11.8%

Automotive Technology

11.2%

Marine Engineering

11.2%

Industrial Technology

6.4%

Precision Metal Working

5.9%

Criminal Justice

4.8%

Engineering

4.8%

Electrical Engineering

4.3%

Heavy/Industrial Equipment Maintenance Technologies

4.3%

Heating And Air Conditioning

3.7%

Computer Networking

2.7%

Mechanical Engineering

2.7%

Electrical Engineering Technology

2.1%

Fire Science And Protection

2.1%

Education

2.1%

Drafting And Design

1.6%

Computer Science

1.6%

Computer Technical Support

1.6%

Management

1.6%
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Degrees

Other

52.1%

Bachelors

16.0%

Associate

15.3%

Certificate

12.1%

Diploma

2.6%

Masters

1.3%

License

0.3%

Doctorate

0.3%
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