Where do you want to work?
Deal with People
Most chefs and head cooks learn their skills through work experience. Others receive training at a community college, technical school, culinary arts school, or 4-year college. A small number learn through apprenticeship programs or in the Armed Forces.Education
Although postsecondary education is not required for chefs and head cooks, many attend programs at community colleges, technical schools, culinary arts schools, and 4-year colleges. Candidates are typically required to have a high school diploma or equivalent to enter these programs.
Students in culinary programs spend most of their time in kitchens, practicing their cooking skills. Programs cover all aspects of kitchen work, including menu planning, food sanitation procedures, and purchasing and inventory methods. Most training programs also require students to gain experience in a commercial kitchen through an internship or apprenticeship program.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Most chefs and head cooks start working in other positions, such as line cooks, learning cooking skills from the chefs they work for. Many spend years working in kitchens before gaining enough experience to be promoted to chef or head cook positions.Training
Some chefs and head cooks train on the job, where they learn the same skills as in a formal education program. Some train in mentorship programs, where they work under the direction of an experienced chef. Executive chefs, head cooks, and sous chefs who work in upscale restaurants often have many years of training and experience.
Some chefs and head cooks learn through apprenticeship programs sponsored by professional culinary institutes, industry associations, or trade unions in coordination with the U.S. Department of Labor. Apprenticeship programs generally last 2 years and combine instructions and on-the-job training. Apprentices must complete at least 1,000 hours of both instructions and paid on-the-job training. Courses typically cover food sanitation and safety, basic knife skills, and equipment operation. Apprentices spend the rest of their training learning practical skills in a commercial kitchen under a chef's supervision.
The American Culinary Federation accredits more than 200 academic training programs at postsecondary schools and sponsors apprenticeships around the country. The basic qualifications required for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:
Some chefs and head cooks receive formal training in the Armed Forces or from individual hotel or restaurant chains.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Although not required, certification can show competence and lead to advancement and higher pay. The American Culinary Federation certifies personal chefs, in addition to various levels of chefs, such as certified sous chefs or certified executive chefs. Certification standards are based primarily on work-related experience and formal training. Minimum work experience for certification can range from 6 months to 5 years, depending on the level of certification.Important Qualities
Business skills. Executive chefs and chefs who run their own restaurant need to understand the restaurant business. They should know how to budget for supplies, set prices, and manage workers so that the restaurant is profitable.
Communication skills. Chefs must communicate their instructions clearly and effectively to staff so that customers’ orders are prepared correctly.
Creativity. Chefs and head cooks need to be creative in order to develop and prepare interesting and innovative recipes. They should be able to use various ingredients to create appealing meals for their customers.
Dexterity. Chefs and head cooks need excellent manual dexterity, including proper knife techniques for cutting, chopping, and dicing.
Leadership skills. Chefs and head cooks must have the ability to motivate kitchen staff and develop constructive and cooperative working relationships with them.
Physical stamina. Chefs and head cooks often work long shifts and sometimes spend entire evenings on their feet, overseeing the preparation and serving of meals.
Sense of taste and smell. Chefs and head cooks must have a keen sense of taste and smell in order to inspect food quality and to design meals that their customers enjoy.
Time-management skills. Chefs and head cooks must efficiently manage their time and the time of their staff. They ensure that meals are prepared correctly and that customers are served on time, especially during busy hours.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Pastry Chef
Top Careers After Pastry Chef
Hispanic or Latino12.8%
Black or African American0.5%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
Johnson & Wales University29.6%
Culinary Institute of America25.2%
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts9.4%
French Culinary Institute4.4%
New England Culinary Institute3.8%
University of Phoenix2.7%
The French Pastry School2.6%
Southern New Hampshire University1.9%
The Institute of Culinary Education School1.8%
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts - Pasadena1.8%
Cooking and Hospitality Institute of Chicago1.6%
Restaurant School at Walnut Hill College1.4%
Grand Rapids Community College1.4%
Delgado Community College1.4%
Johnson County Community College1.4%
Arizona Culinary Institute1.4%
Le Condon Bleu College of Culinary Arts - Pittsburgh1.4%
Art Institute of Atlanta1.3%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Executive Pastry Chef||CB5 Bongos, LLC D/B/A Bongos Cuban CAFE||Hollywood, FL||Feb 21, 2011||$110,000|
|Executive Pastry Chef||CB5 Bongos, LLC D/B/A Bongos Cuban CAFE||Hollywood, FL||Feb 11, 2011||$110,000|
|Executive Pastry Chef||CB5 Bongos, LLC D/B/A Bongos Cuban CAFE||Hollywood, FL||Feb 02, 2011||$110,000|
|Executive Pastry Chef||CB5 Bongos, LLC D/B/A Bongos Cuban CAFE||Hollywood, FL||Feb 22, 2012||$110,000|
|Pastry Chef||Ny Chefs Inc.||New York, NY||Aug 22, 2012||$97,178|
|Pastry Chef||Do&Co||NY||Apr 26, 2012||$80,933|
|Pastry Chef||Ankara Bakery, Inc.||NJ||Apr 15, 2013||$80,266|
|Pastry Chef||City Bakery Brands, LLC||New York, NY||Feb 18, 2015||$80,000|
|Pastry Chef, Specialty||La Bergamote Inc., D/B/A La Bergamote||New York, NY||Mar 06, 2015||$79,997|
|Pastry Chef||Gateaux Bakery Corp||Closter, NJ||Aug 15, 2012||$79,830|
|Executive Pastry Chef||Morimoto Ny Venture, LP||New York, NY||Nov 20, 2013||$79,352 -
|Pastry Chef||Boca West Country Club||Boca Raton, FL||May 07, 2016||$74,048|
|Assistant Pastry Chef||Aria Resort & Casino, LLC||Las Vegas, NV||Sep 30, 2015||$72,000|
|Pastry Chef||Aria Resort & Casino, LLC||Las Vegas, NV||Jun 03, 2015||$71,750|
|Master Baker/Pastry Chef||Better Life Property LLC.||Glendale, CA||Aug 11, 2015||$57,429|
|Pastry Chef||Superior Cakes, Inc.||Miami, FL||Sep 06, 2016||$57,283|
|Executive Pastry Chef||G and D Restaurant Associates LLC||New York, NY||Sep 03, 2014||$57,000|
|Pastry Chef||Merise Restaurant Group LLC DBA La Merise Restaurant||Denver, CO||Oct 28, 2015||$56,680|
|Head Pastry Chef||Vince and Joe's Fruit Market-Shelby, Inc.||Shelby, MI||Sep 21, 2016||$56,306|
|Pastry Chef||Rudy's Family Resturant Inc.||Harrington, DE||Nov 17, 2014||$55,723|
|Pastry Chef||Rudy's Family Resturant Inc.||NY||Nov 16, 2014||$55,723|
|Pastry Chef||Rudy's Family Resturant Inc.||Harrington, DE||Aug 10, 2015||$55,723|
|Pastry Chef/Supervisor||Miramar Bistro Bar & Banquets, Ltd||Highwood, IL||Aug 24, 2015||$45,781|
|Pastry Chef||Meditco, Inc. DBA Phoenicia Specialty Foods||Houston, TX||May 07, 2016||$45,781|
|Pastry Chef||La Pinata Ltd||Yonkers, NY||Jan 20, 2011||$45,664|
|Executive Pastry Chef||Cosmic, LLC||New York, NY||Oct 01, 2012||$45,330|
|Mexican Pastry Chef||La Hacienda 1||Nashville, TN||Jun 02, 2015||$45,282|
|Assistant Pastry Chef||Aria Resort & Casino||Las Vegas, NV||Sep 11, 2013||$45,000 -
|Executive Pastry Chef||A MODO Mio Inc.||Washington, DC||Oct 01, 2012||$45,000 -
|Executive Pastry Chef||Chocopologie, LLC||Norwalk, CT||Jul 01, 2013||$45,000|
To get more results, try adjusting your search by changing your filters.
Pastry Chef, Career Video from drkit.org
Becoming a Top Chef : How Much Money Do Chefs Make?
Career Advice on becoming a Sous Chef by Craig B (Full Version)