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Phlebotomist Careers

A Phlebotomist is a medical technician specializing in blood collection for donations or blood tests. Phlebotomists are responsible for analyzing blood to diagnose illnesses or nutritional deficiencies and determine the efficicacy of medication. They perform blood transfusions and manage blood donations, identifying the blood identity of donor and patient.

They label and document blood samples, keeping track of information; making sure the storage conditions are appropriate and meticulously maintaining the cleanliness of equipment.

Phlebotomists work as part of medical teams or healthcare science staff in hospitals or laboratories and interact with nervous patients regularly, so being caring and kind and putting people at ease with your calm demeanor will be a big part of your job if you decide to take this path.

What Does a Phlebotomist Do

Phlebotomists draw blood for tests, transfusions, research, or blood donations. Some of them explain their work to patients and provide assistance if patients have adverse reactions after their blood is drawn.

Duties

Phlebotomists typically do the following:

  • Draw blood from patients and blood donors
  • Talk with patients and donors to help them feel less nervous about having their blood drawn
  • Verify a patient’s or donor’s identity to ensure proper labeling of the blood
  • Label the drawn blood for testing or processing
  • Enter patient information into a database
  • Assemble and maintain medical instruments such as needles, test tubes, and blood vials

Phlebotomists primarily draw blood, which is then used for different kinds of medical laboratory testing. In medical and diagnostic laboratories, patient interaction is often only with the phlebotomist. Because all blood samples look the same, phlebotomists must identify and label the sample they have drawn and enter it into a database. Some phlebotomists draw blood for other purposes, such as at blood drives where people donate blood. In order to avoid causing infection or other complications, phlebotomists must keep their work area and instruments clean and sanitary.

How To Become a Phlebotomist

Phlebotomists typically enter the occupation with a postsecondary nondegree award from a phlebotomy program. Almost all employers look for phlebotomists who have earned professional certification.

Education and Training

Phlebotomists typically enter the occupation with a postsecondary nondegree award from a phlebotomy program. Programs are available from community colleges, vocational schools, or technical schools. These programs usually take less than 1 year to complete and lead to a certificate or diploma. Programs have classroom sessions and laboratory work and include instruction in anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology. Phlebotomists also learn specific procedures on how to identify, label, and track blood samples.

Many phlebotomists enter the occupation with a high school diploma and are trained to be a phlebotomist on the job.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Almost all employers prefer to hire phlebotomists who have earned professional certification.

Several organizations offer certifications for phlebotomists. The National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT), National Healthcareer Association (NHA), the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), and the American Medical Technologists (AMT) offer Phlebotomy Technician certifications.

Candidates for certification typically need some classroom education, as well as some clinical experience. Certification testing usually includes a written exam and may include practical components, such as drawing blood. Requirements vary by certifying organization. California, Louisiana, Nevada, and Washington require their phlebotomists to be certified.

Important Qualities

Compassion. Some patients or clients are afraid of having their blood drawn, so phlebotomists should be caring in performing their duties.

Detail oriented. Phlebotomists must draw the correct vials of blood for the tests ordered, track vials of blood, and enter data into a database. Attention to detail is necessary; otherwise, the specimens may be misplaced or lost, or a patient may be injured.

Dexterity. Phlebotomists work with their hands, and they must be able to use their equipment efficiently and properly.

Hand–eye coordination. Phlebotomists draw blood from many patients, and they must perform their duties successfully on the first attempt, or their patients will experience discomfort.

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Average Salary
$34,744
Average Salary
Job Growth Rate
23%
Job Growth Rate
Job Openings
64,512
Job Openings

Phlebotomist Career Paths

Top Careers Before Phlebotomist

Cashier
10.3 %

Top Careers After Phlebotomist

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Average Salary for a Phlebotomist

Phlebotomists in America make an average salary of $34,744 per year or $17 per hour. The top 10 percent makes over $37,000 per year, while the bottom 10 percent under $32,000 per year.
Average Salary
$34,744

Best Paying Cities

City
ascdesc
Average Salarydesc
Fargo, ND
Salary Range46k - 55k$51k$50,875
Eureka, CA
Salary Range38k - 45k$42k$42,298
Hartford, CT
Salary Range37k - 45k$41k$41,126
Carmel, NY
Salary Range36k - 44k$40k$40,422
Portland, OR
Salary Range36k - 42k$39k$39,113
Saint Paul, MN
Salary Range34k - 42k$38k$38,422
$26k
$55k

Recently Added Salaries

Job TitleCompanyascdescCompanyascdescStart DateascdescSalaryascdesc
Phlebotomist
Phlebotomist
Wagner Community Memorial Hospital
Wagner Community Memorial Hospital
01/31/2021
01/31/2021
$31,30501/31/2021
$31,305
Immediate-Phlebotomist
Immediate-Phlebotomist
Aerotek
Aerotek
01/29/2021
01/29/2021
$29,21801/29/2021
$29,218
Aerotek
Phlebotomist/Covid Swabber
Phlebotomist/Covid Swabber
Aerotek
Aerotek
01/29/2021
01/29/2021
$37,56601/29/2021
$37,566
Aerotek
Phlebotomist
Phlebotomist
Aerotek
Aerotek
01/28/2021
01/28/2021
$29,21801/28/2021
$29,218
Phlebotomist for Covid Collection-Temp/Surge
Phlebotomist for Covid Collection-Temp/Surge
Intermountain Healthcare
Intermountain Healthcare
01/27/2021
01/27/2021
$29,84401/27/2021
$29,844
See More Recent Salaries

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Phlebotomist Resumes

Designing and figuring out what to include on your resume can be tough, not to mention time-consuming. That's why we put together a guide that is designed to help you craft the perfect resume for becoming a Phlebotomist. If you're needing extra inspiration, take a look through our selection of templates that are specific to your job.

Learn How To Write a Phlebotomist Resume

At Zippia, we went through countless Phlebotomist resumes and compiled some information about how best to optimize them. Here are some suggestions based on what we found, divided by the individual sections of the resume itself.

View Detailed Information

Phlebotomist Demographics

Gender

female

79.1 %

male

17.2 %

unknown

3.7 %

Ethnicity

White

58.9 %

Hispanic or Latino

17.6 %

Black or African American

12.6 %

Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

75.1 %

French

5.1 %

Russian

2.5 %
See More Demographics

Phlebotomist Education

Degrees

Certificate

29.2 %

Associate

22.8 %

High School Diploma

15.6 %
See More Education Info
Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
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Top Skills For a Phlebotomist

The skills section on your resume can be almost as important as the experience section, so you want it to be an accurate portrayal of what you can do. Luckily, we've found all of the skills you'll need so even if you don't have these skills yet, you know what you need to work on. Out of all the resumes we looked through, 15.8% of phlebotomists listed specimen collection on their resume, but soft skills such as compassion and dexterity are important as well.

  • Specimen Collection, 15.8%
  • Patient Care, 12.0%
  • Customer Service, 11.3%
  • Blood Samples, 9.9%
  • Data Entry, 6.2%
  • Other Skills, 44.8%
  • See All Phlebotomist Skills

Best States For a Phlebotomist

Some places are better than others when it comes to starting a career as a phlebotomist. The best states for people in this position are North Dakota, California, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Phlebotomists make the most in North Dakota with an average salary of $50,912. Whereas in California and Rhode Island, they would average $41,846 and $41,146, respectively. While phlebotomists would only make an average of $41,112 in Connecticut, you would still make more there than in the rest of the country. We determined these as the best states based on job availability and pay. By finding the median salary, cost of living, and using the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Location Quotient, we narrowed down our list of states to these four.

1. New Hampshire

Total Phlebotomist Jobs:
635
Highest 10% Earn:
$47,000
Location Quotient:
1.64
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here

2. Connecticut

Total Phlebotomist Jobs:
1,133
Highest 10% Earn:
$49,000
Location Quotient:
1.54
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here

3. Rhode Island

Total Phlebotomist Jobs:
328
Highest 10% Earn:
$48,000
Location Quotient:
1.22
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here
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How Do Phlebotomist Rate Their Jobs?

Zippia Official Logo

5.0

National Certified PhlebotomistJune 2019

5.0

Zippia Official LogoNational Certified PhlebotomistJune 2019

What do you like the most about working as Phlebotomist?

Patient care and following regulations of lab draws for the best result outcome for the patients. Show More

What do you NOT like?

I haven't experience not liking being the the laboratory setting, everyday is a new learning experience for me. Show More

Zippia Official Logo

2.0

TruthMay 2019

2.0

Zippia Official LogoTruthMay 2019

What do you like the most about working as Phlebotomist?

Making great impact in many people lives. Open my eye to improve myself .I think if want be nuse or active in medical field you should start here. Show More

What do you NOT like?

Being over work / it hard to help each pt if you have so many to do. They paid should be more . Show More

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Top Phlebotomist Employers

1. Quest Diagnostics
4.6
Avg. Salary: 
$34,897
Phlebotomists Hired: 
3,120+
2. American Red Cross
4.1
Avg. Salary: 
$30,789
Phlebotomists Hired: 
1,531+
3. CSL Plasma
4.7
Avg. Salary: 
$33,639
Phlebotomists Hired: 
1,174+
4. Lab
4.7
Avg. Salary: 
$34,571
Phlebotomists Hired: 
653+
5. Octapharma Plasma
4.1
Avg. Salary: 
$33,993
Phlebotomists Hired: 
540+
6. Laboratory Corporation of America
4.7
Avg. Salary: 
$34,070
Phlebotomists Hired: 
467+

Phlebotomist Videos

Updated October 2, 2020