Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for pilots in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 32,861 pilots currently employed in the United States.
  • 29.3% of all pilots are women, while 70.7% are men.
  • The average age of an employed pilot is 44 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of pilots is White (81.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (7.2%), Unknown (5.6%) and Asian (2.8%).
  • Pilots are most in-demand in Columbus, OH.
  • The transportation industry is the highest-paying for pilots.
  • San Francisco, CA pays an annual average wage of $118,389, the highest in the US.
  • In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.
  • 9% of all pilots are LGBT.
  • Wyoming is the best state for pilots to live.
  • Pilots are 66% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Pilot Statistics By Gender

29.3% of pilots are women and 70.7% of pilots are men.

  • Male, 70.7%
  • Female, 29.3%

Pilots By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male70.7%
Female29.3%

Gender Pay Gap For Pilot

Women Earn 94¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$78,267
female-income
Female Income
$73,450

Pilot Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the pilot position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Pilot Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201075.19%24.81%
201182.81%17.19%
201270.44%29.56%
201378.23%21.77%
201475.81%24.19%
201578.14%21.86%
201668.92%31.08%
201770.61%29.39%
201870.54%29.46%
201974.51%25.49%
202071.91%28.09%
202170.65%29.35%

Pilot Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, airline transport pilot and combat control have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Airline Flight Attendant16%84%
International Flight Attendant21%79%
Flight Attendant21%79%
Pilot71%29%
Agricultural Aviation Pilot98%2%
Combat Control98%2%
Airline Transport Pilot98%2%

Pilot Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among pilots is White, which makes up 81.5% of all pilots. Comparatively, there are 7.2% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 5.6% of the Unknown ethnicity.

  • White, 81.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 7.2%
  • Unknown, 5.6%
  • Asian, 2.8%
  • Black or African American, 2.7%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.2%

Pilot Race

Pilot RacePercentages
White81.5%
Hispanic or Latino7.2%
Unknown5.6%
Asian2.8%
Black or African American2.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.2%

Pilot Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among pilots.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Pilot Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201087.49%2.29%1.42%6.31%
201188.76%2.24%1.05%5.79%
201287.96%2.82%1.58%5.65%
201387.10%2.27%1.83%6.18%
201487.70%2.46%1.61%5.91%
201587.10%2.13%1.76%6.50%
201686.38%1.88%1.67%6.88%
201787.01%2.97%1.91%5.98%
201885.31%2.16%1.99%7.52%
201986.23%1.68%2.22%7.13%
202082.65%2.54%2.81%7.49%
202181.47%2.73%2.78%7.19%

Pilot Wage Gap By Race

Unknown pilots have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Asian pilots have the lowest average salary at $69,030.
$86,000
$82,000
$78,000
$74,000
$70,000
$66,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$84,372
White$82,434
Black or African American$79,527
Asian$69,030
Hispanic or Latino$76,918

Average Age of a Pilot

We determined the average age of pilots based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Pilot Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Unknown46
White4440
Black or African American46.5
Asian34
Hispanic or Latino44

Pilot Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of pilot employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of pilots is 40+ years old, which represents 61% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Pilot Age

Pilot YearsPercentages
40+ years61%
30-40 years27%
20-30 years11%

Types of Pilot Degree Levels

The most common degree for pilots is bachelor's degree 59% of pilots earn that degree. A close second is associate degree with 15% and rounding it off is master's degree with 10%.

  • Bachelors, 59%
  • Associate, 15%
  • Masters, 10%
  • High School Diploma, 9%
  • Other Degrees, 7%

Pilots By Education

Pilot DegreePercentages
Bachelors59%
Associate15%
Masters10%
High School Diploma9%
Other Degrees7%

Pilot Jobs You Might Like

Pilot Wage Gap By Education

$88,000
$87,000
$86,000
$85,000
$84,000
Master's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
EducationSalary
Master's Degree$87,093
Bachelor's Degree$84,216

Pilot Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where pilots work. We found most pilots work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most pilots is the transportation industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire pilots.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Pilot Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees4%
50 - 100 employees14%
100 - 500 employees21%
500 - 1,000 employees10%
1,000 - 10,000 employees24%
> 10,000 employees28%

The Types Of Companies Pilot Work In

Employees with the pilot job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most pilots prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Pilot Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education2%
Public25%
Private66%
Government7%

Top Industries Hiring Pilots

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ pilots. Those industries include transportation, professional and technology.

Transportation

Fortune 500

Professional

Technology

Government

Pilot Turnover And Employment Statistics

Pilot Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of pilots changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Pilot Unemployment Rate By Year

YearPilot Unemployment Rate
20103.56%
20112.99%
20122.30%
20132.29%
20142.11%
20151.19%
20160.95%
20171.24%
20180.65%
20190.93%
20201.69%
20212.31%

The Average Number of Years That Pilot Stay in a Job

By looking over 11,984 pilots resumes, we figured out that the average pilot enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 30%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Pilot Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year29%
1-2 years30%
3-4 years13%
5-7 years13%
8-10 years5%
11+ years11%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Pilots with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to pilots.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Parking Attendant3.71%45,127
Inspector Packer4.53%33,923
Service Porter4.91%10,027
Pilot8.59%-
Traffic Controller13.04%17,859
Bus Attendant15.05%51,391
Flight Purser31.52%1,429

Pilot LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Parking Attendant3.71%45,127
Inspector Packer4.53%33,923
Service Porter4.91%10,027
Traffic Controller13.04%17,859
Bus Attendant15.05%51,391
Flight Purser31.52%1,429

Foreign Languages Spoken By Pilots

The most common foreign language among pilots is Spanish at 47.3%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 11.7% and German is the third-most popular at 5.7%.

  • Spanish, 47.3%
  • French, 11.7%
  • German, 5.7%
  • Japanese, 5.3%
  • Portuguese, 4.3%
  • Other, 25.7%

Pilot Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish47.3%
French11.7%
German5.7%
Japanese5.3%
Portuguese4.3%
Other25.7%

Pilot Jobs

Pilot Heatmaps

Where Do Pilots Earn The Most?

Pilots earn the most in California, where the average pilot salary is $109,381. The map here shows where pilots earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Pilot Demographics FAQs

How Many Pilot Are There In The Us?

There are over 32,861 Pilots in the United States.

What Percentage Of Pilots Are Black?

2.7% of Pilots are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Pilots?

Most a are White, with 81.5% of Pilots belonging to this ethnicity. 7.2% of Pilots are Hispanic or Latino, 5.6% of Pilots are Unknown, 2.8% of Pilots are Asian, 2.7% of Pilots are Black or African American, and 0.2% of Pilots are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Pilot Jobs Male - Dominated?

Yes, Pilot jobs are male - dominated. 70% of Pilots are male, and 29% are female, so there are more male Pilots than female Pilots in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Pilot?

The average Pilot is 44 years old. 61% of Pilots are 40+ years old or older, 27% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 11% are between 20-30 years old

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