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Most employers require construction and building inspectors to have at least a high school diploma and considerable knowledge of construction trades. Inspectors typically learn on the job. Many states and local jurisdictions require some type of license or certification.Education
Most employers require inspectors to have at least a high school diploma, even for workers who have considerable related work experience.
Employers also seek candidates who have studied engineering or architecture or who have a certificate or an associate’s degree that includes courses in building inspection, home inspection, construction technology, and drafting. Many community colleges offer programs in building inspection technology. Courses in blueprint reading, vocational subjects, algebra, geometry, and writing are also useful. Courses in business management are helpful for those who plan to run their own inspection business.
A growing number of construction and building inspectors are entering the occupation with a bachelor’s degree, which can often substitute for related work experience.Training
Training requirements vary by state, locality, and type of inspector. In general, construction and building inspectors receive much of their training on the job, although they must learn building codes and standards on their own. Working with an experienced inspector, they learn about inspection techniques; codes, ordinances, and regulations; contract specifications; and recordkeeping and reporting duties. Training also may include supervised onsite inspections.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Because inspectors must possess the right mix of technical knowledge, work experience, and education, employers prefer applicants who have both training and experience in a construction trade. For example, many inspectors have experience working as carpenters, electricians, or plumbers. Many home inspectors combine knowledge of multiple specialties, so many of them enter the occupation having a combination of certifications and previous experience in various construction trades.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Most states and local jurisdictions require construction and building inspectors to have a license or certification. Some states have individual licensing programs for construction and building inspectors. Others may require certification by associations such as the International Code Council, the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, the International Association of Electrical Inspectors, and the National Fire Protection Association.
Similarly, most states require home inspectors to follow defined trade practices or obtain a state-issued license or certification. Currently, 36 states have policies regulating the conduct of home inspectors; a few states are considering adding licensure or certification requirements for home inspectors.
Home inspector license or certification requirements vary by state but may require that inspectors do the following:
The exam is often based on the American Society of Home Inspectors and National Association of Home Inspectors certification exams. Most inspectors must renew their license periodically and take continuing education courses.
Inspectors must have a valid driver’s license because they must travel to inspection sites.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Inspectors must have good communication skills in order to explain any problems they find and to help people understand what is needed to fix the problems. In addition, they need to provide a written report of their findings.
Craft experience. Inspectors perform checks and inspections throughout the construction project. Experience in a related construction occupation provides inspectors with the necessary background to become certified.
Detail oriented. Inspectors must thoroughly examine many different construction activities, often at the same time. Therefore, they must pay close attention to detail so as to not overlook any items that need to be checked.
Mechanical knowledge. Inspectors use a variety of testing equipment as they check complex systems. In order to perform tests properly, they also must have detailed knowledge of how the systems operate.
Physical stamina. Inspectors are constantly on their feet and often must crawl through attics and other tight spaces. As a result, they should be somewhat physically fit.
Average Length of Employment
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Hispanic or Latino8.5%
Black or African American0.4%
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Modesto Junior College9.4%
Chemeketa Community College9.4%
University of California - Los Angeles6.3%
Sonoma State University6.3%
University of North Texas6.3%
University of Miami6.3%
Old Dominion University6.3%
Central Washington University3.1%
University of Texas at Arlington3.1%
O'More College of Design3.1%
University of Connecticut3.1%
Texas Southern University3.1%
Pima Community College3.1%
Richland Community College3.1%
Washington State University3.1%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Plans Examiner||4Leaf, Inc.||Pleasanton, CA||Jul 30, 2014||$74,339|
|Urban/Waterfront Plan Examiner||New York City Dept. of Small Business Services||New York, NY||Feb 20, 2015||$60,000|
|Urban/Waterfront Plan Examiner||New York City Dept. of Small Business Services||New York, NY||Feb 28, 2015||$60,000 -
|Urban/Waterfront Plan Examiner||New York City Dept. of Small Business Services||New York, NY||Sep 10, 2015||$60,000 -
|Urban/Waterfront Plan Examiner||New York City Dept. of Small Business Services||New York, NY||Aug 03, 2016||$58,000 -
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