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Although most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn on the job through an apprenticeship, some start out by attending a technical school. Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed.Education
A high school diploma or equivalent is required.
Technical schools offer courses on pipe system design, safety, and tool use. They also offer welding courses that are considered necessary by some pipefitter and steamfitter apprenticeship training programs.Training
Most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn their trade through a 4- or 5-year apprenticeship. Each year, apprentices must have at least 1,700 to 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training and a minimum of 246 hours of related technical education.
In the classroom, apprentices learn safety, local plumbing codes and regulations, and blueprint reading. They also study mathematics, applied physics, and chemistry.
Apprenticeship programs are offered by unions and businesses. Although most workers enter apprenticeships directly, some start out as helpers. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. To enter an apprenticeship program, a trainee must meet the following requirements:
Some plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn on the job through specific task-oriented training. Employers provide training that enables workers to complete a variety of tasks. The Home Builders Institute offers a pre-apprenticeship training program for eight construction trades, including plumbing.
After completing an apprenticeship program, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters are considered to be journey workers, qualifying them to perform duties on their own.
With additional technical education and several years of plumbing experience, plumbers are eligible to earn master status. Some states require a business to employ a master plumber in order to obtain a plumbing contractor’s license.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently.
A few states require pipefitters to be licensed. Several states require a special license to work on gas lines. Obtaining a license requires taking a test, gaining experience through work, or both. For more information, check with your state’s licensing board.Important Qualities
Business skills. Plumbers who own their own business must be able to direct workers, bid on jobs, and plan work schedules.
Customer-service skills. Plumbers work with customers on a regular basis, so they should be polite and courteous.
Mechanical skills. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters use a variety of tools to assemble and repair pipe systems. Choosing the right tool and successfully installing, repairing, or maintaining a system is crucial to their work.
Physical strength. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters must be strong enough to lift and move heavy pipe.
Troubleshooting skills. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters find, diagnose, and repair problems. For example, pipefitters must be able to perform pressure tests to pinpoint the location of a leak.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Plumber
Top Careers After Plumber
Hispanic or Latino13.2%
Black or African American0.5%
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University of Phoenix12.2%
Houston Community College6.4%
College of the Canyons5.8%
Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College5.8%
Universal Technical Institute5.4%
Glendale Community College5.4%
Texas Tech University5.1%
Hinds Community College4.7%
Pima Community College4.7%
Boise State University4.4%
Community College of the Air Force4.1%
Mesa Community College - Boswell4.1%
Dutchess Community College3.7%
Saint Cloud Technical College3.7%
Arizona State University3.7%
Sinclair Community College3.4%
Austin Community College3.4%
Central New Mexico Community College3.4%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Plumbers||My Plumber Heating and Air||Manassas, VA||Jul 08, 2013||$109,505|
|Plumber||Bass Mechanical Corp||NY||Sep 24, 2008||$102,284|
|Plumbers||Bay Ridge Mechanical Corporation||New York, NY||Jan 03, 2011||$78,987|
|Plumber||Triplek Corp||Matawan, NJ||Dec 16, 2010||$69,638|
|Plumber||NVE Plumbing & Construction, Inc.||Chantilly, VA||Sep 12, 2015||$68,786|
|Plumber||LVN Construction Co Inc.||Farmingdale, NJ||Oct 19, 2010||$65,010|
|Plumber||LVN Construction Co Inc.||Farmingdale, NJ||Jul 02, 2010||$65,010|
|Plumber||NVE Plumbing and Construction, Inc.||Chantilly, VA||Oct 15, 2014||$63,814|
|Plumber||H. Hofmeister & Co., Inc.||Westwood, NJ||Mar 19, 2010||$59,396|
|Plumber||Henry Myers Plumbing & Heating Inc.||New York, NY||Feb 24, 2010||$59,396|
|Plumbers||Roy H Zarman Inc. DBA Carner Bros||Roseland, NJ||Jan 08, 2009||$57,163|
|Plumber||Abadin Plumbing & Heating||Newark, NJ||Dec 31, 2008||$57,163|
|Plumbers||Jacinto Plumbing Inc.||Berkeley Heights, NJ||May 25, 2011||$56,996|
|Experienced Plumber With Building Experience||KIGO Plumbing Inc.||CA||Oct 15, 2014||$56,641|
|Plumber||Outerspaces, Inc.||Glenolden, PA||Sep 14, 2015||$47,632|
|Plumber||Pin Oak Group||Centreville, VA||Apr 22, 2010||$47,479 -
|Plumber||Capital Mechanical LLC||Dulles Town Center, VA||Mar 26, 2008||$47,417|
|Plumber||Capital Mechanical LLC||Dulles Town Center, VA||Jan 30, 2008||$47,417|
|Plumbers||Capital Mechanical LLC||Dulles Town Center, VA||Nov 10, 2010||$47,417|
|Plumber||Master, Inc.||Gaithersburg, MD||Aug 28, 2008||$47,417|
|Plumber||J. Roberts, Inc.||Chantilly, VA||Jul 22, 2008||$47,417|
|Plumbers||Capital Mechanical LLC||Dulles Town Center, VA||Sep 29, 2010||$47,417|
|Plumber||Ben Lewis Plumbing, Heating & Ac, Inc.||Clarksburg, MD||Oct 18, 2016||$46,290|
|Plumber||Pat's Plumbing||Federal Way, WA||Nov 29, 2007||$45,914 -
|Plumber||Amp Plumbing Inc.||Culver City, CA||Nov 03, 2010||$45,893|
|Plumber||J. Roberts, Inc.||Chantilly, VA||Nov 14, 2007||$45,684|
|Plumbers||Thurgood, Inc. DBA H2O Plumbing and Hot Water SYST||Plano, TX||Nov 19, 2009||$43,973|
|Plumber||Progressive Plumbing & Piping Inc.||Raleigh, NC||Apr 12, 2015||$43,827|
|Plumber||Freund Plumbing & Heating LLC||Aurora, CO||Jan 22, 2010||$42,784|
|Plumber||Plumbing Plus Heating||Monroe, NY||Mar 05, 2010||$41,740|
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Just the Job Video - Plumber and Gasfitter
Just the Job video - Plumber and Gas Fitter
Plumber, Career Video from drkit.org