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Become A Portrait Photographer

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Working As A Portrait Photographer

  • Thinking Creatively
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Selling or Influencing Others
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Getting Information
  • Stressful

  • $40,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Portrait Photographer Do

Photographers use their technical expertise, creativity, and composition skills to produce and preserve images that tell a story or record an event.

Duties

Photographers typically do the following:

  • Market and advertise services to attract clients
  • Analyze and plan the composition of photographs
  • Use various photographic techniques and lighting equipment
  • Capture subjects in commercial-quality photographs
  • Enhance the subject’s appearance with natural or artificial light
  • Use photo-enhancing software
  • Maintain a digital portfolio to demonstrate their work

Today, most photographers use digital cameras instead of the traditional film cameras. Digital cameras capture images electronically, so the photographer can edit the image on a computer. Images can be stored on portable memory devices, such as compact disks, memory cards, and flash drives. Once the raw image has been transferred to a computer, photographers can use processing software to crop or modify the image and enhance it through color correction and other specialized effects. Photographers who edit their own pictures use computers, high-quality printers, and editing software. For information on workers who specialize in developing and processing photographic images from film or digital media, see photographic process workers and processing machine operators included in occupations not covered in detail.

Photographers who work for commercial clients often will present finalized photographs in a digital format to the client. Wedding and portrait photographers, who serve primarily noncommercial clients, frequently also provide framing services and present the photographs they capture in albums.

Many wedding and portrait photographers are self-employed. Photographers who own and operate their own business have additional responsibilities. They must advertise, schedule appointments, set and adjust equipment, purchase supplies, keep records, bill customers, pay bills, and—if they have employees—hire, train, and direct their workers.

In addition, some photographers teach photography classes or conduct workshops in schools or in their own studios.

The following are examples of types of photographers:

Portrait photographers take pictures of individuals or groups of people and usually work in their own studios. Photographers who specialize in weddings, religious ceremonies, or school photographs may work on location.

Commercial and industrial photographers take pictures of various subjects, such as buildings, models, merchandise, artifacts, and landscapes. These photographs, which frequently are taken on location, are used for a variety of purposes, including magazine covers and images to supplement analyses of engineering projects.

Aerial photographers travel in planes or helicopters to capture photographs of buildings and landscapes. They often use cameras with gyrostabilizers to counteract the movement of the aircraft and ensure high-quality images.

Scientific photographers focus on the accurate visual representation of subjects and therefore limit the use of image manipulation software to clarify an image. Scientific photographs record scientific or medical data or phenomena. Scientific photographers typically use microscopes to photograph subjects.

News photographers, also called photojournalists, photograph people, places, and events for newspapers, journals, magazines, or television. In addition to taking still photos, photojournalists often work with digital video.

Fine arts photographers sell their photographs as artwork. In addition to having technical knowledge of subjects such as lighting and the use of lenses, fine arts photographers need artistic talent and creativity. Most use traditional film instead of digital cameras.

University photographers serve as general photographers for academic institutions. They may be required to take portraits, document events, or take photographs for press releases. University photographers are found primarily in larger academic institutions, because smaller institutions often contract with freelancers to do their photography work.

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How To Become A Portrait Photographer

Although postsecondary education is not required for portrait photographers, many take classes because employers usually seek applicants with a “good eye” and creativity, as well as a good technical understanding of photography. Photojournalists and industrial and scientific photographers often need a bachelor’s degree.

Education

Although postsecondary education is not required for most photographers, many take classes or earn a bachelor’s degree in a related field because such an education can improve their skills and employment prospects.

Many universities, community and junior colleges, vocational–technical institutes, and private trade and technical schools offer classes in photography. Basic courses in photography cover equipment, processes, and techniques. Art schools may offer useful training in photographic design and composition.

Entry-level positions in photojournalism or in industrial or scientific photography generally require a college degree in photography or in a field related to the industry in which the photographer seeks employment. For example, classes in biology, medicine, or chemistry may be useful for scientific photographers.

Business, marketing, and accounting classes can be helpful for self-employed photographers.

Training

Photographers have a talent or natural ability for taking good photos, and this talent is typically cultivated over years of practice. For many artists, including photographers, developing a portfolio—a collection of an artist’s work that demonstrates his or her styles and abilities—is essential. A portfolio is necessary because art directors, clients, and others often want to look at one when deciding whether to hire or contract with the photographer.

Photographers often start working as an assistant to a professional photographer. This work provides an opportunity to gain experience, build the photographers’ portfolios, and gain exposure to prospective clients.

Important Qualities

Artistic ability. Photographers capture their subjects in images, and they must be able to evaluate the artistic quality of a photograph. Photographers need a “good eye”—the ability to use colors, shadows, shades, light, and distance to compose good photographs.

Business skills. Photographers must be able to plan marketing strategies, reach out to prospective clients, and anticipate seasonal employment.

Computer skills. Most photographers do their own postproduction work and must be familiar with photo-editing software. They also use computers to maintain a digital portfolio.

Customer-service skills. Photographers must be able to understand the needs of their clients and propose solutions to any problems that arise.

Detail oriented. Photographers who do their own postproduction work must be careful not to overlook details and must be thorough when editing photographs. In addition, photographers accumulate many photographs and must maintain them in an orderly fashion.

Interpersonal skills. Photographers often photograph people. They must communicate effectively to achieve a certain composition in a photograph.

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Portrait Photographer Career Paths

Portrait Photographer
Photographer Substitute Teacher Consultant
Account Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Photographer Substitute Teacher Account Executive
Marketing Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Photographer Substitute Teacher Executive Assistant
Business Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Freelance Photographer Editor Owner
Co-Owner
6 Yearsyrs
Freelance Photographer Editor Project Manager
Marketing Director
7 Yearsyrs
Freelance Photographer Editor Manager
District Sales Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Graphic Designer Senior Graphic Designer Art Director
Creative Director
5 Yearsyrs
Graphic Designer Senior Designer Art Director
Freelance Art Director
6 Yearsyrs
Graphic Designer Designer Owner
Business Owner
6 Yearsyrs
Events Photographer Owner/Photographer Artist
Senior Graphic Designer
5 Yearsyrs
Events Photographer Owner/Photographer Marketing Specialist
Digital Marketing Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Wedding Photographer Owner/Photographer Marketing Specialist
Communications Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Product Photographer Lead Photographer Owner
Owner And Founder
6 Yearsyrs
Delivery Driver Sales Consultant Marketing Consultant
Marketing Communications Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Delivery Driver Foreman Property Manager
Communications Director
6 Yearsyrs
Delivery Driver Foreman President/Owner
Board Of Directors Member
8 Yearsyrs
Nanny Writer Managing Editor
Web Content Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Nanny Legal Secretary Business Owner
Entrepreneur
5 Yearsyrs
Nanny Writer Senior Copywriter
Creative Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Videographer Marketing Coordinator Marketing Executive
Lead Generator
5 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Portrait Photographer?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Owner/Photographer 6.3 years
Chief Photographer 4.7 years
Lead Photographer 2.9 years
Photographer 2.0 years
Top Careers Before Portrait Photographer
Photographer 21.8%
Internship 7.7%
Cashier 7.4%
Server 4.4%
Volunteer 3.8%
Assistant 2.3%
Top Careers After Portrait Photographer
Photographer 23.8%
Cashier 5.7%
Internship 4.1%
Server 4.0%
Owner 3.1%
Manager 2.8%
Volunteer 2.3%

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Top Skills for A Portrait Photographer

  1. Family Portraits
  2. Adobe Photoshop
  3. Customer Service
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Photographed in the studio for various events including birth announcements, birthdays, engagement announcements, and family portraits.
  • Developed experience with Adobe Photoshop.
  • Developed loyal customer base through quality photography and delivery of excellent customer service.
  • Photographed and supervised photo shoots at several graduations.
  • Retain an extensive knowledge of photographic equipment in order to prevent or resolve any technical problems during the job.

Portrait Photographer Demographics

Gender

Female

56.1%

Male

33.8%

Unknown

10.1%
Ethnicity

White

64.1%

Hispanic or Latino

14.6%

Black or African American

10.8%

Asian

6.8%

Unknown

3.7%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

52.7%

French

9.1%

Portuguese

5.5%

German

5.5%

Mandarin

5.5%

Italian

5.5%

Greek

3.6%

Swahili

1.8%

Hungarian

1.8%

Albanian

1.8%

Cantonese

1.8%

Norwegian

1.8%

Turkish

1.8%

Arabic

1.8%
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Portrait Photographer Education

Schools

Art Institute of Pittsburgh

11.8%

Savannah College of Art and Design

10.0%

Hallmark Institute of Photography

7.1%

Full Sail University

7.1%

Columbia College Chicago

5.9%

Academy of Art University

5.3%

Antonelli Institute

4.7%

University of South Florida

4.1%

School of Visual Arts

4.1%

Virginia Commonwealth University

4.1%

Temple University

4.1%

Art Institute of California - Inland

4.1%

Fashion Institute of Technology

4.1%

Maryland Institute College of Art

4.1%

Michigan State University

3.5%

San Francisco State University

3.5%

University of Texas at Austin

3.5%

Art Institute of Colorado

2.9%

Metropolitan State University of Denver

2.9%

Brooks Institute

2.9%
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Majors

Photography

36.8%

Graphic Design

10.5%

Fine Arts

9.3%

Communication

7.8%

Business

6.6%

Journalism

3.6%

Psychology

3.1%

English

2.6%

Liberal Arts

2.2%

General Studies

2.1%

Criminal Justice

2.0%

Marketing

1.8%

Visual And Performing Arts

1.7%

Design And Visual Communication

1.6%

Audiovisual Communications Technologies

1.6%

Biology

1.5%

General Education, Specific Areas

1.5%

Entertainment Business

1.2%

Medical Assisting Services

1.2%

Health Care Administration

1.2%
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Degrees

Bachelors

47.4%

Other

25.6%

Associate

14.7%

Masters

7.0%

Certificate

3.7%

Diploma

1.0%

License

0.3%

Doctorate

0.2%
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