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Electrical and electronics engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, so participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience. Having a Professional Engineer (PE) license may improve an engineer’s chances of finding employment.Education
High school students interested in studying electrical or electronics engineering benefit from taking courses in physics and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting are also helpful, because electrical and electronics engineers often are required to prepare technical drawings.
In order to enter the occupation, prospective electrical and electronics engineers need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Courses include digital systems design, differential equations, and electrical circuit theory. Programs in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology should be accredited by ABET.
Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education. Cooperative programs combine classroom study with practical work. Internships provide similar experience and are growing in number.
At some universities, students can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities, or in research and development.Important Qualities
Concentration. Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products. They must be able to keep track of multiple design elements and technical characteristics when performing these tasks.
Initiative. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake. In addition, they must engage in continuing education to keep up with changes in technology.
Interpersonal skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to work with others during the manufacturing process to ensure that their plans are implemented correctly. This collaboration includes monitoring technicians and devising remedies to problems as they arise.
Math skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment.
Speaking skills. Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to explain their designs and reasoning clearly and to relay instructions during product development and production. They also may need to explain complex issues to customers who have little or no technical expertise.
Writing skills. Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as electrical and electronics engineers. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam can be taken right after graduation from a college or university. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After getting work experience, EITs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses to keep their license. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.Advancement
Electrical and electronic engineers may advance to supervisory positions in which they lead a team of engineers and technicians. Some may move to management positions, working as engineering or program managers. Preparation for managerial positions usually requires working under the guidance of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.
For sales work, an engineering background enables engineers to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.
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Hispanic or Latino11.9%
Black or African American1.3%
Power Shovel Engineer
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University of Colorado at Boulder5.9%
Santa Clara University5.9%
University of Texas at Austin5.9%
University of Akron5.9%
Central Texas College5.9%
University of Illinois at Chicago5.9%
George Washington University5.9%
Florida International University5.9%
University of Tennessee - Chattanooga5.9%
Georgia Institute of Technology -5.9%
Louisiana State University and A&M College2.9%
University of Wisconsin Extension2.9%
University of Houston2.9%
Kansas State University2.9%
California State University - Fresno2.9%
Brigham Young University2.9%
University of Oklahoma2.9%
More Tech Institute2.9%
Power Shovel Engineer
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Power Engineer||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Sep 27, 2013||$149,700|
|IOS Power Engineer||Apple Inc.||Cupertino, CA||Aug 28, 2015||$148,803 -
|Traction Power Engineer||Gannett Fleming, Inc.||San Bruno, CA||Aug 31, 2016||$140,275 -
|Power Engineer||TIGO Energy Inc.||Los Gatos, CA||Sep 24, 2015||$121,500|
|Traction Power Engineer||Parsons Brinckerhoff, Inc.||New York, NY||Oct 17, 2016||$121,285|
|Traction Power Engineer||Parsons Brinckerhoff, Inc.||New York, NY||Apr 08, 2016||$121,285|
|Analog/Power Supply Engineer||Aclara Technologies, LLC||Hazelwood, MO||Nov 23, 2015||$120,000|
|Power Engineer||Apple Inc.||Cupertino, CA||Oct 23, 2014||$113,600 -
|Power Supply Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Kirkland, WA||Nov 14, 2011||$110,000|
|Power Supply Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Boise, ID||Nov 14, 2011||$110,000|
|Power Supply Engineer/Elect. Engr.||Ut-Battelle, LLC (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)||Oak Ridge, TN||Apr 14, 2010||$97,992|
|Power Engineer||Active Power||Austin, TX||Jan 21, 2016||$95,481|
|Augmented Reality Engineer/Power Consumption||Qualcomm Technologies Inc.||San Diego, CA||Oct 20, 2016||$94,453 -
|Power Engineer||Facebook, Inc.||Menlo Park, CA||Sep 17, 2013||$90,153|
|Power Engineer||Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.||King of Prussia, PA||Sep 05, 2012||$79,168|
|Calibration Engineer Elect. Maching and Power Elec||Ford Motor Company||Livonia, MI||Sep 03, 2014||$78,915 -
|Power Engineer||Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.||King of Prussia, PA||Oct 01, 2012||$78,496|
|Power Turbine Engineer||Rolls-Royce Energy Systems||OH||Feb 01, 2011||$78,000|
|Power Engineer||Operation Technology, Inc.||Irvine, CA||May 09, 2016||$76,731|
|Power Engineer||Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.||Charlotte, NC||Sep 01, 2015||$76,642|
|Power Engineer||Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.||Pullman, WA||Jan 09, 2016||$76,478|
|Power Engineer||Schneider Electric USA, Inc.||New York, NY||Oct 27, 2014||$76,107 -
|Power Supply Engineer||Petra Solar, Inc.||South Plainfield, NJ||Jun 30, 2010||$76,025|
|Power Engineer||Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.||Charlotte, NC||Oct 01, 2014||$74,890|
|Power Engineer||Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.||Charlotte, NC||May 12, 2015||$74,610|
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