Preschool teachers educate and care for children younger than age 5 who have not yet entered kindergarten. They teach reading, writing, science, and other subjects in a way that young children can understand.Duties
Preschool teachers typically do the following:
Young children learn from playing, problem solving, questioning, and experimenting. Preschool teachers use play and other instructional techniques to teach children about the world. For example, they use storytelling and rhyming games to teach language and vocabulary. They may help improve children’s social skills by having them work together to build a neighborhood in a sandbox or teach math by having children count when building with blocks.
Preschool teachers work with children from different ethnic, racial, and religious backgrounds. Teachers include topics in their lessons to teach children to respect people of different backgrounds and cultures.
Education and training requirements vary based on settings and state regulations. They range from a high school diploma and certification to a college degree.Education
In childcare centers, preschool teachers generally are required to have a least a high school diploma and a certification in early childhood education. However, employers may prefer to hire workers with at least some postsecondary education in early childhood education.
Preschool teachers in Head Start programs are required to have at least an associate’s degree. However, at least 50 percent of all preschool teachers in Head Start programs nationwide must have a bachelor’s degree in early childhood education or a related field. Those with a degree in a related field must have experience teaching preschool-age children.
In public schools, preschool teachers are generally required to have at least a bachelor’s degree in early childhood education or a related field. Bachelor’s degree programs teach students about children’s development, strategies to teach young children, and how to observe and document children’s progress.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Some states require preschool teachers to obtain the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential offered by the Council for Professional Recognition. Obtaining the CDA credential requires coursework, experience in the field, a written exam, and observation of the candidate working with children. The CDA credential is valid for three years and requires renewal.
Some states recognize the Certified Childcare Professional (CCP) designation offered by the National Early Childhood Program Accreditation. Some of the requirements needed to obtain the CCP include that the candidate must be 18 years old, have a high school diploma, have experience in the field, take courses in early childhood education, and pass an exam. The CCP accreditation requires renewal every two years through the CCP maintenance process.
In public schools, preschool teachers must be licensed to teach early childhood education, which covers preschool through third grade. Requirements vary by state, but they generally require a bachelor’s degree and passing an exam to demonstrate competency. Most states require teachers to complete continuing education credits to maintain their license.Other Experience
A few states require preschool teachers to have some work experience in a childcare setting. The amount of experience necessary varies by state. In these cases, preschool teachers often start out as childcare workers or teacher assistants.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Preschool teachers need good communication skills to talk to parents and colleagues about students’ progress. They need good writing and speaking skills to convey this information effectively. They must also be able to communicate well with small children.
Creativity. Preschool teachers must plan lessons that engage young students. In addition, they need to adapt their lessons to suit different learning styles.
Interpersonal skills. Preschool teachers must understand children’s emotional needs and be able to develop good relationships with parents, children, and colleagues.
Organizational skills. Teachers need to be organized to plan lessons and keep records of their students.
Patience. Working with children can be frustrating, and preschool teachers should be able to respond calmly to overwhelming and difficult situations.
Physical stamina. Working with children can be physically taxing, so preschool teachers should have a lot of energy.Advancement
Experienced preschool teachers can advance to become the director of a preschool or childcare center or a lead teacher, who may be responsible for the instruction of several classes. Those with a bachelor's degree in early childhood education frequently are qualified to teach kindergarten through grade 3, in addition to preschool. Teaching positions at these higher grades typically pay more. For more information, see the profiles on preschool and childcare center directors and kindergarten and elementary school teachers.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Preschool Teacher||Baltimore City Public Schools||Baltimore, MD||May 28, 2016||$78,415|
|Preschool Teacher||Wyspa Dzieci Learning Center||Northbrook, IL||Jan 31, 2015||$62,610|
|Preschool Teacher||Kissena Cherry Daycare Inc.||NY||Jul 01, 2015||$61,734|
|Preschool Teacher||Rainbow School||Ridgefield, NJ||Mar 28, 2016||$61,734|
|Preschool Teacher||Rainbow School||Ridgefield, NJ||May 29, 2015||$61,734|
|Mandarin Immersion Preschool Teacher||Presidio Knolls School, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Sep 09, 2016||$60,564|
|Mandarin Immersion Preschool Teacher||Presidio Knolls School||San Francisco, CA||Dec 08, 2016||$57,624|
|Preschool Teacher||Montessori Family School of Manhattan||New York, NY||Aug 30, 2016||$53,000|
|Preschool Teacher||The Maria Montessori School||Levittown, NY||Sep 01, 2015||$52,175|
|Preschool Teacher||Christ Church United Methodist||New York, NY||Sep 15, 2016||$46,732|
Preschool Teacher - Career Conversation
How to Become a Certified Preschool Teacher
A day in the life of a pre-school teacher