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Become A Principal Designer

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Working As A Principal Designer

  • Interacting With Computers
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Mostly Sitting

  • $116,581

    Average Salary

What Does A Principal Designer Do

Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacturing of electrical equipment, such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, or power generation equipment. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft.

Electronics engineers design and develop electronic equipment, such as broadcast and communications systems, from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPSs). Many also work in areas closely related to computer hardware.

Duties

Electrical engineers typically do the following:

  • Design new ways to use electrical power to develop or improve products
  • Perform detailed calculations to develop manufacturing, construction, and installation standards and specifications
  • Direct the manufacture, installation, and testing of electrical equipment to ensure that products meet specifications and codes
  • Investigate complaints from customers or the public, evaluate problems, and recommend solutions
  • Work with project managers on production efforts to ensure that projects are completed satisfactorily, on time, and within budget

Electronics engineers typically do the following:

  • Design electronic components, software, products, or systems for commercial, industrial, medical, military, or scientific applications
  • Analyze customer needs and determine the requirements, capacity, and cost for developing an electrical system plan
  • Develop maintenance and testing procedures for electronic components and equipment
  • Evaluate systems and recommend design modifications or equipment repair
  • Inspect electronic equipment, instruments, and systems to make sure that they meet safety standards and applicable regulations
  • Plan and develop applications and modifications for electronic properties used in parts and systems in order to improve technical performance

Electronics engineers who work for the federal government research, develop, and evaluate electronic devices used in a variety of areas, such as aviation, computing, transportation, and manufacturing. They work on federal electronic devices and systems, including satellites, flight systems, radar and sonar systems, and communications systems.

The work of electrical engineers and electronics engineers is often similar. Both use engineering and design software and equipment to do engineering tasks. Both types of engineers also must work with other engineers to discuss existing products and possibilities for engineering projects.

Engineers whose work is related exclusively to computer hardware are considered computer hardware engineers.

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How To Become A Principal Designer

Electrical and electronics engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, so participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience. Having a Professional Engineer (PE) license may improve an engineer’s chances of finding employment.

Education

High school students interested in studying electrical or electronics engineering benefit from taking courses in physics and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting are also helpful, because electrical and electronics engineers often are required to prepare technical drawings.

In order to enter the occupation, prospective electrical and electronics engineers need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Courses include digital systems design, differential equations, and electrical circuit theory. Programs in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology should be accredited by ABET.

Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education. Cooperative programs combine classroom study with practical work. Internships provide similar experience and are growing in number.

At some universities, students can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities, or in research and development.

Important Qualities

Concentration. Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products. They must be able to keep track of multiple design elements and technical characteristics when performing these tasks.

Initiative. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake. In addition, they must engage in continuing education to keep up with changes in technology.

Interpersonal skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to work with others during the manufacturing process to ensure that their plans are implemented correctly. This collaboration includes monitoring technicians and devising remedies to problems as they arise.

Math skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment.

Speaking skills. Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to explain their designs and reasoning clearly and to relay instructions during product development and production. They also may need to explain complex issues to customers who have little or no technical expertise.

Writing skills. Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as electrical and electronics engineers. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam can be taken right after graduation from a college or university. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After getting work experience, EITs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.

Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses to keep their license. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.

Advancement

Electrical and electronic engineers may advance to supervisory positions in which they lead a team of engineers and technicians. Some may move to management positions, working as engineering or program managers. Preparation for managerial positions usually requires working under the guidance of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.

For sales work, an engineering background enables engineers to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.

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Principal Designer Jobs

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Principal Designer Demographics

Gender

Male

65.1%

Female

31.9%

Unknown

3.1%
Ethnicity

White

78.3%

Asian

9.9%

Hispanic or Latino

9.2%

Unknown

2.1%

Black or African American

0.5%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

31.0%

German

13.8%

French

13.8%

Chinese

6.9%

Mandarin

6.9%

Korean

6.9%

Italian

6.9%

Portuguese

3.4%

Carrier

3.4%

Hindi

3.4%

Arabic

3.4%
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Principal Designer Education

Schools

Rochester Institute of Technology

7.1%

University of Houston

7.1%

University of Phoenix

7.1%

Lamar University

6.3%

University of California - Berkeley

5.4%

University of Oregon

5.4%

Boston University

5.4%

Syracuse University

4.5%

Academy of Art University

4.5%

Art Center College of Design

4.5%

School of the Art Institute of Chicago

4.5%

University of Cincinnati

4.5%

Ohio State University

4.5%

University of Texas at Austin

4.5%

University of Washington

4.5%

A-Technical College

4.5%

San Jacinto College District

4.5%

Fashion Institute of Technology

4.5%

Washington University in Saint Louis

3.6%

Rhode Island School of Design

3.6%
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Majors

Graphic Design

22.1%

Interior Design

10.6%

Architecture

9.0%

Drafting And Design

8.6%

Fine Arts

6.6%

Business

6.0%

Electrical Engineering

5.4%

Mechanical Engineering

3.8%

Design And Visual Communication

3.0%

Computer Applications

2.8%

Engineering

2.8%

Management

2.6%

Marketing

2.4%

Computer Science

2.2%

Communication

2.2%

Education

2.0%

Civil Engineering

2.0%

Engineering And Industrial Management

2.0%

Landscape Architecture

1.8%

Mechanical Engineering Technology

1.8%
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Degrees

Bachelors

39.9%

Other

23.0%

Masters

18.4%

Associate

11.8%

Certificate

4.5%

Doctorate

1.4%

Diploma

0.8%

License

0.3%
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Real Principal Designer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Principal Design Manager Microsoft Corporation Palo Alto, CA Jun 24, 2015 $195,000
Designer (Principal Designer Program Manager) Microsoft Corporation Palo Alto, CA Aug 29, 2016 $195,000 -
$215,000
Principal Design Manager Microsoft Corporation Redmond, WA Oct 01, 2014 $169,306
Principal Experience Designer Thoughtworks, Inc. Chicago, IL Apr 01, 2014 $160,000
Senior Principal Designer Worleyparsons Group, Inc. Houston, TX Feb 14, 2011 $155,482
Senior Principal Designer Worleyparsons Group, Inc. Houston, TX Jan 10, 2011 $154,960
Principal Economy Designer Storm8, Inc. Redwood City, CA Jun 01, 2015 $150,000 -
$170,000
Principal Designer Technip USA, Inc. Houston, TX Dec 30, 2009 $149,282
Principal Designer Technip USA, Inc. Houston, TX Dec 30, 2012 $149,282
Principal Designer KBR Technical Services, Inc. Houston, TX Feb 25, 2016 $147,013
Principal Designer Here North America, LLC Calabasas, CA Aug 14, 2014 $139,940
Principal Designer Entegee, Inc. D/B/A Additional Technical Support, I Detroit, MI May 18, 2010 $139,829
Principal Designer KBR, Inc. Houston, TX May 09, 2013 $135,200
Principal Experience Designer Thoughtworks Inc. Chicago, IL May 16, 2013 $130,000 -
$160,000
Principal Designer Worleyparsons Group, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 13, 2013 $129,792
Principal Designer One and Company Design Inc. San Francisco, CA Sep 02, 2011 $129,125
Principal Designer-Piping KBR, Inc. Houston, TX Jan 15, 2013 $128,731
Principal/Design Director M. Arthur Gensler, Jr. & Associates, Inc. Washington, DC Aug 04, 2009 $126,009
Principal Systems Design Eningeer CDI Corporation Webster, TX Jan 05, 2015 $125,867
Principal Designer-Piping KBR, Inc. Houston, TX Jan 20, 2011 $125,590
Principal Designer EURO-Pro Operating LLC Newton, MA Aug 15, 2014 $116,800 -
$180,800
Principal Designer IHI E&C International Corporation Houston, TX Aug 27, 2013 $116,581
Principal Designer KBR, Inc. Houston, TX Sep 03, 2010 $114,400
Principal Designer KBR, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 30, 2010 $114,400
Principal Designer Frog Design, Inc. Austin, TX Nov 09, 2012 $113,558
Principal Designer Chermayeff & Geismar Studio LLC New York, NY Nov 09, 2009 $112,000
Principal Designer Chermayeff & Geismar Studio, LLC New York, NY Nov 09, 2009 $112,000

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Top Skills for A Principal Designer

DrawingPackagesDesignConceptsDesignFirmArchitectsAutocadWebsiteDesignCADOperatorPProjectManagementPlantLayoutSchedulesGraphicDesignDiagramsPDSSpacePlanningFacilityDesignServicesDesignProjectsConstructionDocumentsE

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  1. Drawing Packages
  2. Design Concepts
  3. Design Firm
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Developed drawing packages from site surveys for as-built and new installation floor plans, elevations, and schematics.
  • Developed interior design concepts and prepared interior systems and finishes.
  • Founded and grew a successful niche interior design firm through word-of-mouth and building personal relationships in the design community.
  • Demonstrated successful collaboration with architects, builders and contractors during the construction process.
  • Field lead piping engineer and manager, office lead designer, supervisor, and AutoCAD trainer.

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Top Principal Designer Employers

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