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Most schools require elementary, middle, and high school principals to have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most principals also have work experience as teachers.Education
Principals typically need a master’s degree in education leadership or education administration. These master’s degree programs prepare future principals to manage staff, prepare and manage budgets, set goals, and work with parents and the community. To enter the master’s degree programs, candidates typically need a bachelor’s degree in education, school counseling, or a related field.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Principals typically need several years of work experience as a teacher. For more information on how to become a teacher, see the profiles on kindergarten and elementary school teachers, middle school teachers, and high school teachers.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Most states require public school principals to be licensed as school administrators. Licensure requirements vary by state, but most require a master’s degree. Some states have alternative programs for candidates who do not have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most states also require candidates to pass an exam and a background check.
Principals in private schools are not required to have a state-issued license.Advancement
An assistant principal can advance to become a principal. Some principals advance to become superintendents, which may require completion of additional education. Others become instructional coordinators.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Principals must communicate effectively with students, teachers, and parents. For example, when dealing with student disciplinary or academic issues, they consult with and listen to parents and teachers to understand the problem.
Critical-thinking skills. Principals analyze student test results and testing procedures to determine if improvements are needed. They must assess the available options and choose the best means to help students achieve better results.
Decisionmaking skills. Because principals are responsible for students, staff members, and the overall operation of the school, they consider many factors when making decisions.
Interpersonal skills. Because principals work with teachers, parents, and superintendents, they must be able to develop positive working relationships with them.
Leadership skills. Principals set educational goals and establish policies and procedures for the school. They need to be able to motivate teachers and other staff to achieve set goals.
Problem-solving skills. Teachers, students, and other staff members report problems to the principal. Principals need to be able to analyze problems, and develop and implement appropriate solutions.
Hispanic or Latino8.5%
Black or African American0.7%
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Average Length of Employment
University of Phoenix9.0%
New York University6.7%
Michigan State University5.4%
University of Texas at Austin4.9%
University of Southern California4.7%
University of Pennsylvania4.7%
Arizona State University4.6%
University of Chicago4.5%
George Washington University4.5%
Nova Southeastern University4.5%
Iowa State University4.1%
University of Iowa3.9%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Principal||KPMG LLP||Santa Clara, CA||May 20, 2016||$475,000 -
|Principal||Pricewaterhousecoopers||New York, NY||Jan 10, 2015||$455,000|
|Principal||Warburg Pincus LLC||New York, NY||Sep 16, 2015||$425,000|
|Principal||Indaba Capital Management, L.P.||San Francisco, CA||Sep 23, 2015||$400,000|
|Assurance Principal Partner||Pricewaterhousecoopers LLP||Florham Park, NJ||Jan 06, 2016||$375,000|
|Principal||QIC Us Investment Services Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Nov 17, 2016||$324,127|
|Principal||TPG Opportunities Partners, L.P.||San Francisco, CA||Feb 08, 2016||$300,000|
|Principal, Healthcare Structured Finance||TPG Opportunities Partners, L.P.||San Francisco, CA||Aug 26, 2015||$300,000|
|Principal||Nanodimension||Redwood City, CA||Oct 26, 2015||$275,000|
|Principal||Nanodimension, Inc.||Woodside, CA||May 09, 2016||$275,000|
|Principal||Claros Fund Management LLC||New York, NY||Mar 16, 2015||$250,000|
|Principal Advisor||Freehills Us||New York, NY||Jan 12, 2015||$250,000 -
|Assurance Principal Partner||Pricewaterhousecoopers LLP||Florham Park, NJ||Sep 22, 2016||$250,000|
|Principal||Greenhill & Co., LLC||New York, NY||Mar 02, 2015||$250,000 -
|Principal||Capgemini Financial Services USA Inc.||Simi Valley, CA||Jul 09, 2015||$172,162|
|Principal||ICF Incorporated, LLC||Fairfax, VA||Dec 13, 2016||$170,331|
|Principal Geologist||Conocophillips Company||Houston, TX||Aug 12, 2015||$170,160 -
|Principal||Westernacher & Partner Consulting, Inc.||Wellesley, MA||Apr 18, 2016||$170,000|
|Principal||Promontory Financial Group, LLC||Washington, DC||Mar 11, 2015||$170,000|
|Principal||The Schmidt Family Foundation||Palo Alto, CA||Jul 21, 2016||$170,000|
|Principal Geologist||Statoil Gulf Services LLC||Houston, TX||Aug 12, 2015||$170,000|
|Principal||Nokia Solutions and Networks Us LLC||Sunnyvale, CA||Apr 09, 2016||$170,000|
|Industry Principal-US||Infosys Limited||Houston, TX||Mar 28, 2016||$140,588|
|Principal Resource Geologist||SRK Consulting (U.S.), Inc.||Lakewood, CO||Jun 30, 2015||$140,005|
|Principal-Enterprise Applications||Infosys Limited||Los Angeles, CA||Mar 31, 2015||$140,000|
|Spirits Maker, Principal||E. & J. Gallo Winery||Modesto, CA||Oct 20, 2015||$140,000 -
|Principal Analytical Lead||Google Inc.||New York, NY||May 25, 2016||$140,000|
|Principal||G.H. Smart and Company, Incorporated||Chicago, IL||Apr 15, 2016||$140,000 -
|Principal||Sun Mountain Capital LLC||Santa Fe, NM||Dec 18, 2015||$140,000|
|Principal||Promontory Financial Group, LLC||Washington, DC||Jan 10, 2016||$140,000 -
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