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Become A Professor

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Working As A Professor

  • Getting Information
  • Training and Teaching Others
  • Thinking Creatively
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Make Decisions

  • $135,998

    Average Salary

What Does A Professor Do

A Professor is a teacher of the highest rank in a college or university. They supervise graduate students, carry out research, write school books, give lectures, and tutor.

How To Become A Professor

Educational requirements vary with the subject taught and the type of educational institution. Most commonly, postsecondary teachers must have a Ph.D. However, a master's degree may be enough for some postsecondary teachers at community colleges. In career and technical schools, work experience may be important for getting a postsecondary teaching job.


Postsecondary teachers who work for 4-year colleges and universities typically need a doctoral degree in their field. Some schools may hire those with a master’s degree or those who are doctoral degree candidates for some specialties, such as fine arts, or for some part-time positions.

Doctoral programs generally take multiple years after the completion of a bachelor’s degree program. They spend time completing a master’s degree and then writing a doctoral dissertation, which is a paper presenting original research in the student’s field of study. Candidates usually specialize in a subfield, such as organic chemistry or European history.

Community colleges or career and technical schools also may hire those with a master’s degree. However, in some fields, there are more applicants than available positions. In these situations, institutions can be more selective, and they frequently choose applicants who have a Ph.D. over those with a master’s degree.

Postsecondary teachers who teach career and technical education courses, such as culinary arts or cosmetology, may not be required to have graduate-level education. At a minimum they must hold the degree of the program in which they are teaching. For example, the teacher must hold an associate’s degree if they teach a program that is at the associate’s degree level. In addition, work experience or certification may be just as important as education for getting a postsecondary teaching job at a career or technical school.

Other Experience

Some institutions may prefer to hire those with teaching or other work experience, but this is not a requirement for all fields or for all employers.

In health specialties, art, or education fields, hands-on work experience in the industry can be important. Postsecondary teachers in these fields often gain experience by working in an occupation related to their field of expertise.

In fields such as biological science, physics, and chemistry, some postsecondary teachers have postdoctoral research experience. These short-term jobs, sometimes called “post-docs,” usually involve working for 2 to 3 years as a research associate or in a similar position, often at a college or university.

Some postsecondary teachers gain teaching experience by working as graduate teaching assistants—students who are enrolled in a graduate program and teach classes in the institution in which they are enrolled.

Some postsecondary teachers, especially adjunct professors, have another job in addition to teaching.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Postsecondary teachers who prepare students for an occupation that requires a license, certification, or registration, may need to have—or they may benefit from having—the same credential. For example, a postsecondary nursing teacher might need a nursing license or a postsecondary education teacher might need a teaching license.


A major goal for postsecondary teachers with a doctoral degree is attaining a tenure—a guarantee that a professor cannot be fired without just cause. It can take up to 7 years of moving up the ranks in tenure-track positions. The ranks are assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. Tenure is granted through a review of the candidate’s research, contribution to the institution, and teaching.

Tenure and tenure track positions are declining as institutions are relying more heavily on part-time faculty.

Some tenured professors advance to administrative positions, such as dean or president. For information on deans and other administrative positions, see the profile on postsecondary education administrators. For more information about college and university presidents, see the profile on top executives.

Important Qualities

Critical-thinking skills. To challenge established theories and beliefs, conduct original research, and design experiments, postsecondary teachers need good critical-thinking skills.

Interpersonal skills. Most postsecondary teachers need to be able to work well with others and must have good communication skills to serve on committees and give lectures.

Resourcefulness. Postsecondary teachers need to be able to present information in a way that students will understand. They need to adapt to the different learning styles of their students and teach students who have little or no experience with the subject.

Speaking skills. Postsecondary teachers need good communication skills to give lectures.

Writing skills. Most postsecondary teachers need to be skilled writers to publish original research and analysis.

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Professor jobs

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Professor Career Paths

Writer And Editor Program Manager Education Director
Academic Dean
10 Yearsyrs
Program Manager Adjunct Instructor ESL Instructor
Academic Director
8 Yearsyrs
Research Associate Instructor Special Education Teacher
Assistant Principal
10 Yearsyrs
Attorney Office Manager General Manager
Chief Operating Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Associate Attorney Senior Associate Senior Consultant
Chief Technology Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Associate Attorney Attorney Chairperson
Department Chairperson
7 Yearsyrs
Program Coordinator Adjunct Instructor Instructor
Director Of Instruction
6 Yearsyrs
Program Coordinator Recruiter Instructor
Education Director
7 Yearsyrs
Program Manager Adjunct Faculty Assistant Principal
Elementary School Principal
12 Yearsyrs
Math Teacher Assistant Principal
High School Principal
12 Yearsyrs
Attorney Project Manager Information Technology Project Manager
Information Technology Director
10 Yearsyrs
Law Clerk Adjunct Professor Senior Project Manager
Project Director
8 Yearsyrs
Research Associate Analyst Quality Assurance Analyst
Quality Assurance Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Senior Scientist Research And Development Manager
Research And Development Director
12 Yearsyrs
Judge Instructor Education Director
School Director
7 Yearsyrs
Education Consultant Adjunct Faculty Assistant Principal
School Principal
10 Yearsyrs
Law Clerk Fellow Research Associate
Senior Research Associate
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Scientist Project Manager Program Manager
Technical Director
7 Yearsyrs
Contract Attorney Attorney Assistant Vice President
Vice President, Strategy
13 Yearsyrs
Math Teacher Science Teacher Assistant Principal
Vice Principal
9 Yearsyrs
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Professor Demographics


  • Male

  • Female

  • Unknown



  • White

  • Hispanic or Latino

  • Asian

  • Unknown

  • Black or African American

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Languages Spoken

  • Spanish

  • French

  • Chinese

  • Italian

  • German

  • Portuguese

  • Mandarin

  • Japanese

  • Russian

  • Arabic

  • Korean

  • Hindi

  • Cantonese

  • Greek

  • Hebrew

  • Turkish

  • Vietnamese

  • Polish

  • Thai

  • Persian

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Professor Education


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Real Professor Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Professor The University of Arizona Tucson, AZ Aug 15, 2016 $650,000
Professor The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Austin, TX Jan 07, 2016 $600,000
Professor University of California, San Francisco San Francisco, CA Jan 01, 2015 $575,000
Professor University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Houston, TX Jan 08, 2016 $450,000
Professor University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Galveston, TX Jan 08, 2016 $450,000
Professor LSU Health Sciences Center/New Orleans Independence, LA Jan 01, 2015 $402,040
Professor Yale University New Haven, CT Jan 12, 2016 $400,000
Professor In Residence University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA Oct 01, 2015 $400,000
Assisstant Professor West Virginia University Morgantown, WV Jun 23, 2016 $372,669
Professor Yale University New Haven, CT Jan 07, 2016 $372,000
Distinguished Professor University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA Jan 01, 2015 $203,900
Professor Washington State University Pullman, WA Aug 16, 2016 $203,133
Distinguished Professor Northeastern University Boston, MA Jan 04, 2016 $203,000
Professor Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD Jan 07, 2016 $201,986
Professor Nova Southeastern University Fort Lauderdale, FL Jan 01, 2016 $200,850
Professor Wayne State University Detroit, MI Jan 08, 2016 $200,000
Assistan Professor, Track IV Duke University and Medical Center Durham, NC Jan 09, 2016 $200,000
Professor George Mason University Fairfax, VA Jan 10, 2015 $200,000
Professor and Dean Yale University New Haven, CT Aug 06, 2016 $154,000
Professor Michigan State University East Lansing, MI Aug 04, 2015 $154,000
Professor Step IV University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA Jul 01, 2015 $153,000
Professor Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA Jul 01, 2015 $153,000
Distinguished Professor University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA Jan 01, 2015 $152,914
Professor University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA Oct 01, 2016 $152,000
Professor The Pennsylvania State University Parkesburg, PA Jan 03, 2016 $150,012
Professor State University of New York at Binghamton Binghamton, NY Jan 20, 2016 $150,000

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Top Skills for A Professor


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Top Professor Skills

  1. Classes
  2. Curriculum Development
  3. Undergraduate Courses
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Created class schedules for over 70 classes.
  • Prepared continuing education curriculum, made presentations, engaged in conversational exercises, and participated in curriculum development.
  • Designed and taught undergraduate courses in Human Managerial Systems (OB & HR).
  • Charleston Southern University Online Courses: World History 1700- Present, US History
  • Collaborate with colleagues on development and delivery of curriculum.

Top Professor Employers

Professor Videos

Some Advice About Becoming a Philosophy Professor

Career Advice on becoming a Professor of Applied Logic & Head of School Elect by Dave R (Highlights)

Career Advice - Professor of Applied Logic & Head of School Elect by Dave R (Full Version)