What is a Programmer

Programmers are responsible for writing and testing code to ensure that computer applications and other software programs are working correctly. So if working on the behind-the-scenes of computers is right up your alley, then you should consider this career.

Generally, programmers go to school for their bachelor's degree before pursuing this career. But there have been a few that only have an associate's degree. Almost all programmers know a few programming languages. The job isn't taxing on you, as you'll mostly be working in an office. But you might be able to improve your brain a bit.

There is more than meets the eye when it comes to being a programmer. For example, did you know that they make an average of $32.63 an hour? That's $67,870 a year!

Between 2018 and 2028, the career is expected to grow -7% and produce -17,900 job opportunities across the U.S.

What Does a Programmer Do

There are certain skills that many programmers have in order to accomplish their responsibilities. By taking a look through resumes, we were able to narrow down the most common skills for a person in this position. We discovered that a lot of resumes listed concentration, troubleshooting skills and detail oriented.

Learn more about what a Programmer does

How To Become a Programmer

If you're interested in becoming a programmer, one of the first things to consider is how much education you need. We've determined that 67.2% of programmers have a bachelor's degree. In terms of higher education levels, we found that 12.8% of programmers have master's degrees. Even though most programmers have a college degree, it's possible to become one with only a high school degree or GED.

Choosing the right major is always an important step when researching how to become a programmer. When we researched the most common majors for a programmer, we found that they most commonly earn bachelor's degree degrees or associate degree degrees. Other degrees that we often see on programmer resumes include master's degree degrees or diploma degrees.

You may find that experience in other jobs will help you become a programmer. In fact, many programmer jobs require experience in a role such as programmer analyst. Meanwhile, many programmers also have previous career experience in roles such as software engineer or internship.

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Average Salary
$67,870
Average Salary
Job Growth Rate
-7%
Job Growth Rate
Job Openings
184,180
Job Openings
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Programmer Career Paths

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Average Salary for a Programmer

Programmers in America make an average salary of $67,870 per year or $33 per hour. The top 10 percent makes over $84,000 per year, while the bottom 10 percent under $54,000 per year.
Average Salary
$67,870
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Programmer Resumes

Designing and figuring out what to include on your resume can be tough, not to mention time-consuming. That's why we put together a guide that is designed to help you craft the perfect resume for becoming a Programmer. If you're needing extra inspiration, take a look through our selection of templates that are specific to your job.

Learn How To Write a Programmer Resume

At Zippia, we went through countless Programmer resumes and compiled some information about how to optimize them. Here are some suggestions based on what we found, divided by the individual sections of the resume itself.

View Programmer Resume Examples And Templates

Programmer Demographics

Programmer Gender Statistics

male

67.6 %

female

26.2 %

unknown

6.2 %

Programmer Ethnicity Statistics

White

68.6 %

Asian

17.0 %

Hispanic or Latino

7.1 %

Programmer Foreign Languages Spoken Statistics

Spanish

36.4 %

French

10.7 %

Chinese

8.8 %
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Programmer Education

Programmer Majors

Programmer Degrees

Bachelors

67.2 %

Associate

13.3 %

Masters

12.8 %

Top Colleges for Programmers

1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Cambridge, MA • Private

In-State Tuition
$51,832
Enrollment
4,550

2. Stanford University

Stanford, CA • Private

In-State Tuition
$51,354
Enrollment
7,083

3. Harvard University

Cambridge, MA • Private

In-State Tuition
$50,420
Enrollment
7,582

4. Duke University

Durham, NC • Private

In-State Tuition
$55,695
Enrollment
6,596

5. University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA • Private

In-State Tuition
$55,584
Enrollment
10,764

6. Georgia Institute of Technology

Atlanta, GA • Private

In-State Tuition
$12,424
Enrollment
15,201

7. Cornell University

Ithaca, NY • Private

In-State Tuition
$55,188
Enrollment
15,105

8. Georgetown University

Washington, DC • Private

In-State Tuition
$54,104
Enrollment
7,089

9. Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH • Private

In-State Tuition
$55,453
Enrollment
4,312

10. Northwestern University

Evanston, IL • Private

In-State Tuition
$54,568
Enrollment
8,451
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Online Courses For Programmer That You May Like

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A Full-Real Guide to Make You a Job-Ready PL/SQL Developer & Also covers "Oracle 1Z0-144 and 1Z0-149" PL SQL Exam Topics!...

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Top Skills For a Programmer

The skills section on your resume can be almost as important as the experience section, so you want it to be an accurate portrayal of what you can do. Luckily, we've found all of the skills you'll need so even if you don't have these skills yet, you know what you need to work on. Out of all the resumes we looked through, 9.6% of programmers listed procedures on their resume, but soft skills such as concentration and troubleshooting skills are important as well.

12 Programmer RESUME EXAMPLES

Best States For a Programmer

Some places are better than others when it comes to starting a career as a programmer. The best states for people in this position are Washington, West Virginia, California, and Connecticut. Programmers make the most in Washington with an average salary of $91,907. Whereas in West Virginia and California, they would average $82,511 and $77,669, respectively. While programmers would only make an average of $71,955 in Connecticut, you would still make more there than in the rest of the country. We determined these as the best states based on job availability and pay. By finding the median salary, cost of living, and using the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Location Quotient, we narrowed down our list of states to these four.

1. Washington

Total Programmer Jobs:
2,250
Highest 10% Earn:
$129,000
Location Quotient:
1.59
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here

2. Virginia

Total Programmer Jobs:
2,891
Highest 10% Earn:
$97,000
Location Quotient:
1.59
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here

3. District of Columbia

Total Programmer Jobs:
618
Highest 10% Earn:
$108,000
Location Quotient:
1.9
Location Quotient is a measure used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine how concentrated a certain industry is in a single state compared to the nation as a whole. You can read more about how BLS calculates location quotients here
Full List Of Best States For Programmers

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Top Programmer Employers

We've made finding a great employer to work for easy by doing the hard work for you. We looked into employers that employ programmers and discovered their number of programmer opportunities and average salary. Through our research, we concluded that Tech Mahindra was the best, especially with an average salary of $74,558. Infosys Public Services follows up with an average salary of $72,474, and then comes SCC Soft Computer with an average of $67,586. In addition, we know most people would rather work from home. So instead of having to change careers, we identified the best employers for remote work as a programmer. The employers include KBR, Mitel, and National General Holdings

Programmer Videos

Updated August 18, 2021