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Purchasing managers need a bachelor’s degree and work experience as a buyer or purchasing agent.Education
Purchasing managers usually have at least a bachelor’s degree and some work experience in procurement. A master’s degree may be required for advancement to some top-level purchasing manager jobs.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Purchasing managers typically must have at least 5 years of experience as a buyer or purchasing agent. At the top levels, purchasing manager duties may overlap with other management functions, such as production, planning, logistics, and marketing.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
There are several certifications available for purchasing managers and others employed in a procurement-related field. Although some employers require certification, many do not.
Most of the certifications involve oral or written exams and have education and work experience requirements.
The Institute for Supply Management offers the Certified Professional in Supply Management (CPSM) credential, which covers a wide scope of purchasing professional duties. To receive the CPSM credential, candidates must pass three exams and possess at least 3 years of relevant work experience for those with a bachelor’s degree or 5 years of relevant work experience for those without a bachelor’s degree.
The American Purchasing Society offers the Certified Purchasing Professional (CPP) and the Certified Professional Purchasing Manager (CPPM) credentials. Certification is valid for 5 years. Candidates must earn a certain number of professional development “points” to renew their certification. Candidates initially become eligible, and can renew their certification, through a combination of purchasing-related experience, education, and professional contributions (such as articles published or speeches delivered).
APICS, founded as the American Production and Inventory Control Society, offers the Certified Supply Chain Professional (CSCP) credential. Applicants must have 3 years of related business experience or a bachelor’s degree in order to be eligible for the CSCP credential, which is valid for 5 years. Candidates must also earn a certain number of professional development points to renew their certification.
The Next Level Purchasing Association offers the Senior Professional in Supply Management (SPSM) certification. Although there are no education or work experience requirements, applicants must complete six online courses and pass an SPSM exam. Certification is valid for 4 years. Candidates must complete 32 continuing education hours in procurement-related topics to recertify for an additional 4-year period.
The Universal Public Procurement Certification Council (UPPCC) offers two certifications for workers in federal, state, and local government. The Certified Professional Public Buyer (CPPB) credential requires applicants to have earned at least an associate’s degree, to have at least 3 years of public procurement experience, and to complete relevant training courses. The Certified Public Purchasing Officer (CPPO) requires applicants to have earned a bachelor’s degree, to have at least 5 years of public procurement experience, and to complete additional training courses.
Those with the CPPB or the CPPO designation must renew their certification every 5 years by completing continuing education courses or attending procurement-related conferences or events.
The National Institute of Government Purchasing’s (NIGP’s) Institute for Public Procurement offers preparation courses for the UPPCC certification exams.Advancement
An experienced and qualified purchasing manager may advance to become the chief procurement officer for a business or organization.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. When evaluating suppliers, purchasing managers must analyze their options and choose a supplier with the best combination of price, quality, delivery, service, or other criteria.
Decisionmaking skills. Purchasing managers must have the ability to make informed and timely decisions, choosing products that they think will sell.
Math skills. Purchasing managers must possess basic math skills. They must be able to compare prices from different suppliers to ensure that their organization is getting the best deal.
Negotiating skills. Purchasing managers often must negotiate the terms of a contract with a supplier. Interpersonal skills and self-confidence, in addition to knowledge of the product, can help lead to successful negotiation.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Purchasing Administrator
Top Careers After Purchasing Administrator
Hispanic or Latino10.4%
Black or African American0.5%
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University of Phoenix21.9%
American InterContinental University6.3%
Michigan State University5.2%
Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania4.2%
Iowa State University4.2%
Indiana Wesleyan University4.2%
New York University3.1%
Western Washington University3.1%
Arizona State University3.1%
Pennsylvania State University3.1%
Rochester Institute of Technology3.1%
Fitchburg State University3.1%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Purchase Administrator||Interprise USA Corp||Doral, FL||Oct 01, 2012||$76,128|
|Group Audit, Stock & Purchasing Administrator||M.D. Bevco, Inc.||San Antonio, TX||Oct 11, 2010||$75,000|
|Purchasing Administrator||Asahi Kasei Plastics North America, Inc.||Fowlerville, MI||May 01, 2014||$67,200|
|Purchase Administrator||Interprise USA Corp||Doral, FL||Oct 01, 2010||$63,731|
|Purchasing Administrator||A.O. Textile Inc.||New York, NY||Sep 21, 2012||$56,766|
|Purchasing Administrator||Robert Bosch LLC||Palo Alto, CA||Mar 03, 2015||$55,786|
|Purchasing Administrator||Robert Bosch LLC||Palo Alto, CA||Sep 04, 2012||$52,374|
|Purchasing Administrator||Pine Hall Brick Co., Inc.||Fairmount, GA||Sep 15, 2016||$48,000|
|Purchasing Administrator||Renaissance Collection||New York, NY||Aug 25, 2013||$44,662|
|Purchasing Administrator||The Painter's Store USA, Inc.||Miami, FL||Sep 15, 2016||$44,578|
|Purchasing Administrator||Sgatnyc LLC||New York, NY||Apr 01, 2014||$43,264|
|Purchasing Administrator||FPK Services LLC||Houston, TX||Sep 23, 2016||$41,990|
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