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Most dietitians and nutritionists have a bachelor’s degree and have completed supervised training through an internship. Many states require dietitians and nutritionists to be licensed.Education
Most dietitians and nutritionists have a bachelor’s degree in dietetics, foods and nutrition, clinical nutrition, public health nutrition, or a related area. Dietitians also may study food service systems management. Programs include courses in nutrition, psychology, chemistry, and biology.
Many dietitians and nutritionists have advanced degrees.Training
Dietitians and nutritionists typically receive several hundred hours of supervised training, usually in the form of an internship following graduation from college. Some dietetics schools offer coordinated programs in dietetics that allow students to complete supervised training as part of their undergraduate or graduate-level coursework.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Most states require dietitians and nutritionists to be licensed in order to practice. Other states require only state registration or certification to use certain titles, and a few states have no regulations for this occupation.
The requirements for state licensure and state certification vary by state, but most include having a bachelor’s degree in food and nutrition or a related area, completing supervised practice, and passing an exam.
Many dietitians choose to earn the Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (RDN) credential. Although the RDN is not always required, the qualifications are often the same as those necessary for becoming a licensed dietitian in states that require a license. Many employers prefer or require the RDN, which is administered by the Commission on Dietetic Registration, the credentialing agency for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
The RDN requires dietitian nutritionists to complete a minimum of a bachelor’s degree and a Dietetic Internship (DI), which consists of at least 1,200 hours of supervised experience. Students may complete both criteria at once through a coordinated program, or they may finish their required coursework before applying for an internship. These programs are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND), part of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. In order to maintain the RDN credential, dietitians and nutritionists who have earned it must complete 75 continuing professional education credits every 5 years.
Nutritionists may earn the Certified Nutrition Specialist (CNS) credential to show an advanced level of knowledge. The CNS credential is accepted in several states for licensure purposes. To qualify for the credential, applicants must have a master’s or doctoral degree, complete 1,000 hours of experience, and pass an exam. The credential is administered by the Board for Certification of Nutrition Specialists.
Dietitians and nutritionists may seek additional certifications in an area of specialty. The Commission on Dietetic Registration offers specialty certifications in oncology nutrition, renal nutrition, gerontological nutrition, pediatric nutrition, and sports dietetics.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Dietitians and nutritionists must keep up to date with the latest food and nutrition research. They should be able to interpret scientific studies and translate nutrition science into practical eating advice.
Compassion. Dietitians and nutritionists must be caring and empathetic when helping clients address health and dietary issues and any related emotions.
Listening skills. Dietitians and nutritionists must listen carefully to understand clients’ goals and concerns. They may work with other healthcare workers as part of a team to improve the health of a patient, and they need to listen to team members when constructing eating plans.
Organizational skills. Because there are many aspects to the work of dietitians and nutritionists, they should be able to stay organized. Management dietitians, for example, must consider the nutritional needs of their clients, the costs of meals, and access to food.
Problem-solving skills. Dietitians and nutritionists must evaluate the health status of patients and determine the most appropriate food choices for a client to improve his or her overall health or manage a disease.
Speaking skills. Dietitians and nutritionists must explain complicated topics in a way that people with less technical knowledge can understand. They must be able to clearly explain eating plans to clients and to other healthcare professionals involved in a patient’s care.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Registered Dietitian
Top Careers After Registered Dietitian
Hispanic or Latino8.1%
Black or African American0.7%
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Iowa State University8.8%
Michigan State University7.5%
Central Michigan University7.3%
New York University7.0%
University of Delaware6.5%
Ball State University6.2%
University of Alabama6.0%
Florida International University5.5%
Eastern Michigan University4.4%
Case Western Reserve University4.4%
Wayne State University4.2%
University of Northern Colorado3.9%
State University of New York Buffalo3.6%
University of North Florida3.6%
Texas Woman's University3.6%
California State University - Los Angeles3.6%
Bowling Green State University3.4%
Arizona State University3.4%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Registered Dietitian||The Center for Advanced Pediatrics, P.C||Norwalk, CT||Jan 03, 2016||$75,132 -
|Registered Dietitian||Vista Cove Care Center at Rialto||Rialto, CA||Oct 01, 2015||$74,880|
|Registered Dietitian||Vista Cove Care Center at Rialto||Rialto, CA||Sep 28, 2015||$74,880|
|Registered Dietitian||Heartland Employment Services LLC||Catonsville, MD||Dec 28, 2009||$71,751|
|Registered Dietitian||Sodexo, Inc.||Largo, MD||Aug 20, 2012||$71,635|
|Registered Dietitian||Central Valley Specialty Hospital||Modesto, CA||Aug 18, 2016||$70,720|
|Registered Dietitian||North Kern South Tulare Hospital District||Delano, CA||Sep 15, 2016||$69,014|
|Registered Dietitian||Integrated Support Solutions Inc.||Chino, CA||Jan 21, 2010||$68,767|
|Registered Dietitian||Heartland Employment Services, LLC||Adelphi, MD||Oct 02, 2009||$68,640|
|Registered Dietitian||Central California Foundation for Health||Delano, CA||Jan 09, 2016||$67,786|
|Registered Dietitian||The Center for Advanced Pediatrics, PC||Norwalk, CT||Jan 02, 2016||$66,784 -
|Registered Dietitian||C.H.R. Associates, Inc.||North Miami, FL||Mar 23, 2011||$66,262|
|Registered Dietitian||North Kern South Tulare Hospital District||Delano, CA||Sep 15, 2013||$64,697|
|Registered Dietitian||White Memorial Medical Center||Los Angeles, CA||Jun 01, 2010||$59,939|
|Registered Dietitian||St. Josephs Hospital Inc.||Tampa, FL||Apr 07, 2013||$59,709|
|Registered Dietitian||Healthcare Services Group, Inc.||Long Beach, CA||Aug 28, 2014||$57,500|
|Registered Dietitian||Unidine Corporation||New York, NY||Aug 15, 2012||$57,497|
|Registered Dietitian||Unidine Corporation||New York, NY||Sep 01, 2012||$57,497|
|Registered Dietitian||Amsterdam Nursing Home Corporation||New York, NY||Apr 29, 2013||$57,497|
|Registered Dietitian/Registered Dietitian Eligible||Montefiore Medical Center||New York, NY||Sep 11, 2010||$57,041|
|Registered Dietitian||Heartland Employment Services, LLC||Orange Park, FL||Sep 29, 2016||$57,000 -
|Registered Dietitian||Healthcare Services Group, Inc.||Milwaukee, WI||Mar 10, 2014||$51,000|
|Registered Dietitian||Healthcare Services Group, Inc.||Milwaukee, WI||Mar 17, 2014||$51,000|
|Registered Dietitian||The Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Cent||New York, NY||Oct 24, 2014||$50,950|
|Registered Dietitian||Montefiore Medical Center||New York, NY||Jul 15, 2014||$50,550|
|Registered Dietitian||Heartland Employment Services LLC||Boca Raton, FL||Sep 24, 2010||$50,171|
|Registered Dietitian||Heartland Employment Services LLC||Boca Raton, FL||Oct 01, 2010||$50,151|
|Registered Dietitian||The Works Personal Training Inc.||New York, NY||Sep 19, 2014||$50,151|
|Registered Dietitian||Texas General Hospital GP LLC||Grand Prairie, TX||Aug 22, 2015||$50,088|
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