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Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for registered nurses in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 2,906,207 registered nurses currently employed in the United States.
  • 87.7% of all registered nurses are women, while 12.3% are men.
  • The average age of an employed registered nurse is 44 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of registered nurses is White (69.1%), followed by Black or African American (11.5%) and Hispanic or Latino (8.6%).
  • The majority of registered nurses are located in New York, NY and Houston, TX.
  • Registered nurses are paid an average annual salary of $72,033.
  • Registered nurses average starting salary is $46,000.
  • In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.
  • The top 10% of highest-paid registered nurses earn as much as $110,000 or more.
  • 8% of all registered nurses are LGBT.
  • Registered nurses are more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Registered Nurse Statistics By Gender

Among registered nurses, 87.7% of them are women compared to 12.3% which are men.

  • Female, 87.7%
  • Male, 12.3%

Registered Nurses By Gender

Gender  Percentages  
Female87.7%
Male12.3%

Gender Pay Gap For Registered Nurse

Women Earn 94¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$80,017
female-income
Female Income
$75,574

Registered Nurse Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the registered nurse position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Registered Nurse Gender By Year

Year  Male  Female  
201010.19%89.81%
201110.60%89.40%
201210.73%89.27%
201311.17%88.83%
201412.17%87.83%
201511.78%88.22%
201612.20%87.80%
201712.83%87.17%
201813.20%86.80%
201913.26%86.74%

Registered Nurse Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, flight surgeon and optometrist, owner have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Staff Nurse Midwife2%98%
Perinatal Nurse3%97%
Therapeutic Dietitian3%97%
Registered Nurse12%88%
Radiology Resident75%25%
Optometrist, Owner76%24%
Flight Surgeon82%18%

Registered Nurse Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among registered nurses is White, which makes up 69.1% of all registered nurses. Comparatively, there are 11.5% of the Black or African American ethnicity and 8.6% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

  • White, 69.1%
  • Black or African American, 11.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 8.6%
  • Asian, 8.5%
  • Unknown, 1.8%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.5%

Registered Nurse Race

Registered Nurse Race  Percentages  
White69.1%
Black or African American11.5%
Hispanic or Latino8.6%
Asian8.5%
Unknown1.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.5%

Registered Nurse Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among registered nurses.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Registered Nurse Race By Year

Year  White  Black or African American  Asian  Hispanic or Latino  
201071.82%11.74%7.73%6.82%
201171.41%12.11%7.64%6.88%
201271.01%12.24%7.73%7.11%
201370.85%12.17%7.84%7.06%
201469.66%12.31%8.36%7.59%
201569.85%12.43%7.89%7.72%
201669.65%11.96%8.33%7.98%
201769.29%11.46%8.51%8.32%
201869.09%12.13%8.24%8.22%
201969.12%11.47%8.55%8.58%

Registered Nurse Wage Gap By Race

Asian registered nurses have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Black or african american registered nurses have the lowest average salary at $72,954.
$88,000
$85,000
$82,000
$79,000
$76,000
$73,000
$70,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$77,565
White$74,223
Black or African American$72,954
Asian$86,682
Hispanic or Latino$77,554

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Average Age of a Registered Nurse

We determined the average age of registered nurses based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Registered Nurse Age By Race

Race  Male Age  Female Age  
Black or African American4546
Unknown3739
Asian4245
Hispanic or Latino4038
White4345
American Indian and Alaska Native44

Registered Nurse Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of registered nurse employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of registered nurses is 40+ years old, which represents 61% of the population.

20-30 years

30-40 years

40+ years


Registered Nurse Age

Registered Nurse Years  Percentages  
20-30 years13%
30-40 years26%
40+ years61%

Types of Registered Nurse Degree Levels

The most common degree for registered nurses is associate degree 46% of registered nurses earn that degree. A close second is bachelor's degree with 44% and rounding it off is master's degree with 5%.

  • Associate, 46%
  • Bachelors, 44%
  • Masters, 5%
  • Diploma, 5%
  • Other Degrees, 0%

Registered Nurses By Education

Registered Nurse Degree  Percentages  
Associate46%
Bachelors44%
Masters5%
Diploma5%
Other Degrees0%

Registered Nurse Jobs You Might Like

Registered Nurse Wage Gap By Education

Registered nurses with a Masters degree earn more than those without, at $87,996 annually. With a Doctorate degree, registered nurses earn a median annual income of $81,844 compared to $75,574 for registered nurses with an Bachelors degree.
$93,000
$88,000
$83,000
$78,000
$73,000
$68,000
$63,000
Master's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Doctorate Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
Master's Degree$87,996
Bachelor's Degree$75,574
Doctorate Degree$81,844
Some College/ Associate Degree$67,764

Registered Nurse Employment Statistics

This section highlights the information we gathered about the types of businesses and industries that employ registered nurses. We found that the most common company type is private. In addition, the industry that employs the most registered nurses is the health care industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire registered nurses.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Registered Nurse Jobs By Employer Size

Company Size  Percentages  
< 50 employees1%
50 - 100 employees1%
100 - 500 employees6%
500 - 1,000 employees8%
1,000 - 10,000 employees63%
> 10,000 employees20%

The Types Of Companies Registered Nurse Work In

Employees with the registered nurse job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most registered nurses prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Registered Nurse Jobs By Sector

Company Type  Percentages  
Education10%
Public12%
Private75%
Government3%

Top Industries Hiring Registered Nurses

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ registered nurses. Those industries include health care, non profits and non profits.

Health Care

Education

Non Profits

Fortune 500

Professional

Registered Nurse Jobs By Industry

Industry  Percentages  
Health Care84%
Education4%
Non Profits2%
Fortune 5002%
Professional2%
Retail1%
Government1%
Start-up1%
Technology1%
Insurance1%

Registered Nurse Turnover And Employment Statistics

Registered Nurse Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of registered nurses changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Registered Nurse Unemployment Rate By Year

Year  Registered Nurse Unemployment Rate  
20101.90%
20111.97%
20121.94%
20131.69%
20141.75%
20151.37%
20161.10%
20171.04%
20181.07%
20191.04%

The Average Number of Years That Registered Nurse Stay in a Job

By looking over 410,140 registered nurses resumes, we figured out that the average registered nurse enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 30%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years


Registered Nurse Tenure

Number or Years  Percentages  
Less than 1 year22%
1-2 years30%
3-4 years13%
5-7 years17%
8-10 years7%
11+ years11%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Registered Nurses with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to registered nurses.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Clinical Pharmacist5.03%101,564
Midlevel Provider7.51%25,646
Registered Nurse8.34%
Anesthesiologist And Critical Care13.39%68,091
Optometrist/Practice Owner13.47%59,755
Auricular Detoxification Specialist16.48%3,152
General Surgeon20.24%45,174

Registered Nurse LGBT Demographics

Profession  Percentages of LGBT   Job Openings  
Clinical Pharmacist5.03%101,564
Midlevel Provider7.51%25,646
Anesthesiologist And Critical Care13.39%68,091
Optometrist/Practice Owner13.47%59,755
Auricular Detoxification Specialist16.48%3,152
General Surgeon20.24%45,174

Foreign Languages Spoken By Registered Nurses

The most common foreign language among registered nurses is Spanish at 58.5%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 8.0% and Russian is the third-most popular at 4.8%.

  • Spanish, 58.5%
  • French, 8.0%
  • Russian, 4.8%
  • Portuguese, 3.1%
  • Chinese, 2.9%
  • Other, 22.7%

Registered Nurse Languages Spoken

Foreign Language  Percentages  
Spanish58.5%
French8.0%
Russian4.8%
Portuguese3.1%
Chinese2.9%
Other22.7%

Registered Nurse Jobs

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Registered Nurse Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a registered nurse can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of registered nurses is $97,664. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Registered Nurses Earn The Most?

The map here shows where registered nurses earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Registered Nurses Located?

By looking through more than 410,140 resumes, we found that the most popular places for registered nurses are New York, NY and Houston, TX.

Number of Registered Nurses

Where Are Registered Nurses In High Demand?

We looked over job openings to determine where in the country registered nurses are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Registered Nurse Demographics FAQs

What percentage of Registered Nurses are female?

86.7% of registered nurses are female in the United States. This is -0.1 percentage points lower than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female registered nurses has decreased by -3.1 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 2,519,681 female registered nurses in the U.S. and 386,526 male registered nurses in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 2,906,207 people with the specific job title of registered nurse and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

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