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Research Scientist Demographics in the US

The average employee age for research scientists is 40 years. The research scientist workforce reached a whopping 76,199 in 2020!

Among research scientists, we discovered that 31.0% of them are women, while 51.3% are men. The most common race/ethnicity among research scientists is White, which makes up 51.9% of all research scientists. Comparatively, there are 31.6% of the Asian ethnicity and 7.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Research Scientist Statistics and Facts in the US

After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 76,199 research scientists currently employed in the United States.
  • 31.0% of all research scientists are women, while only 51.3% are men.
  • The average age of an employed research scientist is 40 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of research scientists is White (51.9%), followed by Asian (31.6%) and Hispanic or Latino (7.8%).
  • The majority of research scientists are located in NY, New York and WA, Seattle.
  • Research scientists are most in-demand in Seattle, WA.
  • Research scientists are paid an average annual salary of $80,226.
  • San Francisco, CA pays an annual average wage of $117,285, the highest in the US.
  • Research scientists average starting salary is $55,000.
  • In 2021, women earned 98% of what men earned.
  • The top 10% of highest-paid research scientists earn as much as $116,000 or more.
  • California is the best state for research scientists to live.
  • Research scientists are more likely to work at public companies in comparison to education companies.

Research Scientist Statistics by Race

The most common ethnicity among research scientists is White, which makes up 51.9% of all research scientists. Comparatively, there are 31.6% of the Asian ethnicity and 7.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Job Title
  • White, 51.9%
  • Asian, 31.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 7.8%
  • Black or African American, 5.5%
  • Unknown, 3.0%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.2%

Foreign Languages Spoken By Research Scientists

The chart below shows that 21.7% of research scientists speak Spanish. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is Chinese at 13.7% and French is the third-most popular at 12.5%.

Job Title
  • Spanish, 21.7%
  • Chinese, 13.7%
  • French, 12.5%
  • Mandarin, 8.1%
  • German, 8.1%
  • Other, 35.9%

Types of Research Scientist Degree Levels

We assessed our data to determine the typical level of education for research scientists. The most common degree for research scientists is bachelor's degree. In fact, 50% of research scientists earn that degree. A close second is doctoral degree with 25% and rounding it off is master's degree with 19%.

Job Title
  • Bachelors degree, 50%
  • Doctorate degree, 25%
  • Masters degree, 19%
  • Associate degree, 2%
  • Other Degrees, 4%

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Research Scientist Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2008-2018 among research scientists.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Research Scientist Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the research scientist position over time.


Research Scientist Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of research scientists changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Average Age of a Research Scientist Based On Race And Gender

We determined the average age of research scientists based on ethnicity and gender.


The Average Number of Years That Research Scientist Stay in a Job

By looking over 13,685 research scientists resumes, we figured out that the average research scientist enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 33%.

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Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Research Scientist Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of research scientist employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of research scientists is 40+ years old, which represents 46% of the population.

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20-30 years

30-40 years

40+ years

Research Scientist Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, field agronomist and procurement forester have the biggest difference in gender.

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Job Titleascdesc
Animal Behaviorist22%78%
Public Health Microbiologist25%70%
Collector Of Aquarium Specimens25%70%
Research Scientist51%31%
Forestry Consultant86%7%
Procurement Forester87%8%
Field Agronomist87%6%
Field Agronomist
Procurement Forester
Forestry Consultant
Research Scientist
Collector Of Aquarium Specimens
Public Health Microbiologist
Animal Behaviorist

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Research Scientists with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to research scientists.

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Job Titleascdesc
Research And Development Chemist7.15%
Environmental Technician11.26%
Principal Bioinformatics Specialist18.62%
Research Scientist21.10%
Clinical Fellow34.48%

Research Scientist Jobs

Research Scientist Gender Pay Gap

Male Income
Female Income

Research Scientist Income By Gender And Race/Ethnicity

We found interesting that Black or African American men and Asian men make more money compared to others.

  • Male
  • Female
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino

Research Scientist Income By Race/Ethnicity And Education

This chart shows the impact that education has on the income level of different ethnicities.

All Race and Ethnicity
Bachelor's Degree$73,916
Master's Degree$79,504
Doctorate Degree$82,199

Research Scientist Income By Race/Ethnicity And Education

This chart shows the impact that education has on the income level of different ethnicities.

  • Asian
  • Black or African American
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • White
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate Degree

Recently Added Research Scientist Jobs

Research Scientist Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a research scientist can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of research scientists is $104,760. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Research Scientists Earn The Most?

The map here shows where research scientists earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Research Scientists Located?

By looking through more than 13,685 resumes, we found that the most popular places for research scientists are NY, New York and WA, Seattle.

Number of Research Scientists

Where Are Research Scientists In High Demand?

We looked over job openings to determine where in the country research scientists are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Research Scientist Employment Statistics

This section highlights the information we gathered about the types of businesses and industries that employ research scientists. We found that the most common company type is public. In addition, the industry that employs the most research scientists is the education industry.

What Percentage Of Research Scientist Jobs Are Remote?

0.7% Remote

Freelance, outsourced or remote workers who spend much of their time working from home.

99.3% On-Site

Some of the vacancies require to stay on-site without possibility of working remotely.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire research scientists.

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< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

The Types Of Companies Research Scientist Work In

Employees with the research scientist job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most research scientists prefer to work at public companies over education companies.

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Top Industries Hiring Research Scientists

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ research scientists. Those industries include education, health care and technology.

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Fortune 500

Health Care