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Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree. They typically need a graduate degree and licensure for promotion to senior positions. Although licensure requirements vary within the United States, civil engineers usually must be licensed in the locations where they provide services directly to the public.Education
Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, in one of its specialties, or in civil engineering technology. Programs in civil engineering and civil engineering technology include coursework in math, statistics, engineering mechanics and systems, and fluid dynamics, among other courses, depending on the specialty. Courses include a mix of traditional classroom learning, work in laboratories, and fieldwork.
A degree from a program accredited by the ABET is needed in order to earn the professional engineer (PE) license. In many states, a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering technology also will suffice as an academic requirement for obtaining a license.
About 1 in 4 civil engineers has a master’s degree. Further education after the bachelor’s degree, along with the PE license and previous experience, is helpful in getting a job as a manager. For more information on engineering managers, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.Important Qualities
Decisionmaking skills. Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience.
Leadership skills. Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.
Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Organizational skills. Only licensed civil engineers can sign the design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the jobsite as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.
Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must be able to then utilize their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.
Speaking skills. Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings, and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy to understand concepts.
Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, and urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. This means that civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a civil engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, approve design plans, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial FE exam can be taken after earning a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.
Each state issues its own licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. Several states require continuing education for engineers to keep their licenses.Advancement
Civil engineers with ample experience may move into senior positions, such as project managers or functional managers of design, construction, operation, or maintenance. However, they would first need to obtain the Professional Engineering (PE) license, because only licensed engineers can assume responsibilities for public projects.
After gaining licensure, a professional engineer may seek credentialing that attests to his or her expertise in a civil engineering specialty. Such a credential may be of help for advancement to senior technical or even managerial positions.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Reservoir Engineer
Top Careers After Reservoir Engineer
Hispanic or Latino12.3%
Black or African American2.5%
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Texas A&M University17.5%
University of Houston8.2%
Colorado School of Mines7.7%
University of Texas at Austin6.7%
University of Oklahoma5.7%
Texas Tech University5.7%
Louisiana State University and A&M College5.2%
West Virginia University5.2%
University of Tulsa4.6%
University of Louisiana at Lafayette4.1%
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology4.1%
University of Southern California3.6%
University of Kansas3.1%
Louisiana Tech University2.6%
Pennsylvania State University2.6%
University of Wyoming2.6%
Missouri University of Science and Technology2.1%
Prairie View A & M University1.5%
Oklahoma State University1.5%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Reservoir Engineering Advisor||Chevron Corporation||Houston, TX||Jan 15, 2015||$270,160|
|Reservoir Engineer 6||Devon Energy Corporation||Oklahoma City, OK||Aug 20, 2015||$240,000|
|Manager, Reservoir Engineer||Devon Energy Corp||Oklahoma City, OK||Sep 29, 2015||$230,000|
|Senior Reservoir Engineer||Venari Resources LLC||Houston, TX||Sep 09, 2015||$229,300 -
|Staff Reservoir Engineer||Broken Hill Proprietary (USA), Inc.||Houston, TX||Mar 25, 2015||$228,112|
|Staff Reservoir Engineer||Broken Hill Propriety (USA), Inc.||Houston, TX||Jan 12, 2015||$225,239|
|Reservoir Engineer||Devon Energy Corp||Oklahoma City, OK||Feb 02, 2016||$225,000|
|Senior Reservoir Engineer||Hunt Oil Company||Dallas, TX||Aug 02, 2016||$215,800 -
|Reservoir Engineer V||SM Energy Company||Denver, CO||Sep 09, 2015||$210,000|
|Reservoir Engineer V||SM Energy Company||Midland, TX||Sep 09, 2015||$210,000|
|Staff Reservoir Engineer||Conocophillips Company||Houston, TX||Jul 06, 2016||$203,362 -
|SR. Reservoir Engineer||Unit Petroleum Company||Houston, TX||Oct 21, 2016||$149,300|
|Staff Reservoir Engineer||Conocophillips Company||Houston, TX||Aug 24, 2016||$149,120 -
|Reservoir Engineer||Shell International Exploration and Production Inc.||New Orleans, LA||Jan 27, 2016||$148,800|
|Reservoir Engineer||Chevron Corporation||Houston, TX||Apr 01, 2016||$148,500|
|Reservoir Engineer||Chevron Corporation||Houston, TX||Jan 04, 2016||$148,500|
|SR. Reservoir Engineer||Hess Corporation||Houston, TX||Sep 05, 2015||$147,800|
|Senior Petroleum Reservoir Engineer||Degolyer and MacNaughton Corporation||Dallas, TX||Sep 19, 2015||$147,600|
|Senior Reservoir Engineer||Degolyer and MacNaughton Corporation||Dallas, TX||Sep 19, 2015||$147,600|
|Reservoir Engineer||Shell Exploration and Production Company||Houston, TX||Aug 20, 2016||$128,500|
|Reservoir Engineer||BP America Inc.||Houston, TX||Aug 15, 2016||$127,700|
|Reservoir Engineer||California Resources Corporation||Long Beach, CA||Oct 12, 2015||$127,500|
|Reservoir Engineer||California Resources Corporation||Long Beach, CA||Apr 25, 2016||$127,500|
|CO2 Reservoir Engineer||Resolute Energy Corporation||Denver, CO||Nov 14, 2016||$127,046|
|Senior Reservoir Engineer||Anadarko Petroleum Corporation||The Woodlands, TX||Feb 13, 2015||$127,000|
|Reservoir Engineer||Shell International Exploration and Production Inc.||Houston, TX||Aug 10, 2015||$127,000|
To get more results, try adjusting your search by changing your filters.
01 Reservoir Engineering Overview
Position Descriptions - Oil and Gas Petroleum Engineers and Reservoir Engineers
Reservoir Engineer, Daniel Ventura Alonso