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Most librarians need a master’s degree in library science. Some positions have additional requirements, such as a teaching certificate or a degree in another field.Education
Most employers require librarians to have a master’s degree in library science (MLS). Students need a bachelor’s degree in any major to enter MLS programs.
MLS programs usually take 1 to 2 years to complete. Coursework typically covers selecting library materials, organizing information, research methods and strategies, online reference systems, and Internet search methods.
A degree from an American Library Association accredited program may lead to better job opportunities. Some colleges and universities have other names for their library science programs, such as Master of Information Studies or Master of Library and Information Studies.
Librarians working in a special library, such as a law, medical, or corporate library, usually supplement a master’s degree in library science with knowledge of their specialized field. Some employers require special librarians to have a master’s degree, a professional degree, or a Ph.D. in that subject. For example, a law librarian may be required to have a law degree or a librarian in an academic library may need a Ph.D.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Public school librarians typically need a teacher’s certification. Some states require librarians to pass a standardized test, such as the PRAXIS II Library Media Specialist test. A list of requirements by state and contact information for state regulating boards is available from Libraries Unlimited.
Some states also require certification for librarians in public libraries. Requirements vary by state. Contact your state’s licensing board for specific requirements.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Librarians need to be able to explain ideas and information in ways that patrons and users understand.
Initiative. New information, technology, and resources constantly change the details of what librarians do. They must be able and willing to continually update their knowledge on these changes to be effective at their jobs in the varying circumstances.
Interpersonal skills. Librarians must be able to work both as part of a team and with the public or with researchers
Problem-solving skills. Librarians conduct and assist with research. This requires being able to identify a problem, figure out where to find information, and draw conclusions based on the information found.
Reading skills. Librarians must be excellent readers. Those working in special libraries are expected to continually read the latest literature in their field of specialization.
Technology skills. Librarians use technology to help patrons research topics. They also use computers to classify resources, create databases, and perform administrative duties.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before School Librarian
Top Careers After School Librarian
Hispanic or Latino10.4%
Black or African American0.6%
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University of Pittsburgh -12.7%
San Jose State University7.0%
University of North Texas7.0%
University of Texas at Austin7.0%
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania5.6%
Texas Woman's University5.6%
Louisiana Tech University4.2%
University of Southern Mississippi4.2%
University of Delaware4.2%
Grand Canyon University4.2%
State University of New York Stony Brook4.2%
Louisiana State University and A&M College2.8%
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign2.8%
University of Iowa2.8%
University of Kentucky2.8%
University of Michigan - Flint2.8%
Southern Connecticut State University2.8%
University of California - Los Angeles2.8%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Upper School Librarian||Lakeside School||Seattle, WA||Sep 27, 2010||$69,581|
|Elementary School Librarian||Lycee International de Boston||Cambridge, MA||Jan 09, 2016||$60,944 -
|Certified School Librarian||Central Consolidated School District||Newcomb, NM||May 11, 2015||$60,000|
|Certified School Librarian||Central Consolidated School District||Newcomb, NM||Jul 03, 2016||$60,000|
|School Librarian||Lycee International de Los Angeles||Burbank, CA||Oct 01, 2015||$57,711|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Jul 10, 2016||$49,232|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 13, 2016||$49,232|
|School Librarian||Central Consolidated School District||Shiprock, NM||Jan 15, 2016||$46,925|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 13, 2015||$46,500|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Aug 11, 2016||$46,500|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 08, 2015||$46,500|
|School Librarian||The Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Oct 07, 2015||$46,500|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Sep 07, 2014||$46,500|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 08, 2014||$46,500|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 07, 2013||$45,080|
|School Librarian||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Mar 31, 2013||$45,080|
|School Librarian||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Oct 01, 2012||$45,080|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 13, 2013||$44,800|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Nov 13, 2014||$44,800|
|School Librarian||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Aug 15, 2011||$44,800|
|School Librarian Teacher-Elementary||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Jul 16, 2010||$44,800|
|School Librarian Teacher-Elementary||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Dec 19, 2010||$44,800|
|Elementary School Librarian||Prince George's County Public Schools||Landover, MD||Sep 20, 2011||$44,799 -
|School Librarian||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Aug 15, 2011||$44,545|
|School Librarian||The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Education||Feb 11, 2013||$42,780|
|School Librarian||Us Virgin Islands Department of Education||Sep 07, 2013||$42,780|
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