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Become A School Superintendent

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Working As A School Superintendent

  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Developing and Building Teams
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Make Decisions

  • $79,000

    Average Salary

What Does A School Superintendent Do

Elementary, middle, and high school principals manage all school operations, including daily school activities. They coordinate curricula, oversee teachers and other school staff, and provide a safe and productive learning environment for students.

Duties

Elementary, middle, and high school principals typically do the following:

  • Manage school activities and staff, including teachers and support personnel
  • Establish and oversee class schedules
  • Develop, implement, and maintain curriculum standards
  • Counsel and discipline students
  • Observe teachers and classroom activities
  • Assist teachers in managing students’ behavior
  • Evaluate teachers’ performance
  • Meet with parents and teachers to discuss students’ progress and behavior
  • Assess and prepare reports on test scores and other student achievement data
  • Organize professional development programs and workshops for staff
  • Manage the school’s budget, order school supplies, and schedule maintenance
  • Establish and coordinate security procedures for students, staff, and visitors

Elementary, middle, and high school principals manage the overall operation of schools, including building maintenance and cafeteria services. They set and oversee academic goals and ensure that teachers have the necessary equipment and resources. In public schools, principals also implement standards and programs set by the school district, state, and/or federal regulations. They evaluate and prepare reports on their school’s performance based on these standards by assessing student achievement and teacher performance. Principals may establish and oversee additional programs in their school, such as counseling, special education programs, and before- and after-school childcare programs.

Principals serve as the public face of their school. They meet with superintendents, legislators, and members of the community to request or explain funding for their schools. They also address the concerns of parents and members of the community.

The duties of principals vary by the size of the school and district. In larger schools and districts, principals have additional resources and staff to help them achieve goals. For example, large school districts often have instructional coordinators who help with data analysis and with teachers’ professional development. Principals also may have staff who oversee the hiring process of all school personnel, including teachers, custodians, and cafeteria workers. Principals in small school districts may need to assume these and other duties themselves.

Many schools have assistant principals who help principals with school administration. Principals typically assign specific administrative duties to their assistant principals. In some school districts, assistant principals are hired to handle a specific subject area, such as literacy or math. Assistants may be assigned to handle student safety, provide student academic counseling, or enforce disciplinary or attendance rules. They may also coordinate buses or supervise building and grounds maintenance.

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How To Become A School Superintendent

Most schools require elementary, middle, and high school principals to have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most principals also have work experience as teachers.

Education

Principals typically need a master’s degree in education leadership or education administration. These master’s degree programs prepare future principals to manage staff, prepare and manage budgets, set goals, and work with parents and the community. To enter the master’s degree programs, candidates typically need a bachelor’s degree in education, school counseling, or a related field.

Work Experience in a Related Occupation

Principals typically need several years of work experience as a teacher. For more information on how to become a teacher, see the profiles on kindergarten and elementary school teachers, middle school teachers, and high school teachers.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most states require public school principals to be licensed as school administrators. Licensure requirements vary by state, but most require a master’s degree. Some states have alternative programs for candidates who do not have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most states also require candidates to pass an exam and a background check.

Principals in private schools are not required to have a state-issued license.

Advancement

An assistant principal can advance to become a principal. Some principals advance to become superintendents, which may require completion of additional education. Others become instructional coordinators.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Principals must communicate effectively with students, teachers, and parents. For example, when dealing with student disciplinary or academic issues, they consult with and listen to parents and teachers to understand the problem.

Critical-thinking skills. Principals analyze student test results and testing procedures to determine if improvements are needed. They must assess the available options and choose the best means to help students achieve better results.

Decisionmaking skills. Because principals are responsible for students, staff members, and the overall operation of the school, they consider many factors when making decisions.

Interpersonal skills. Because principals work with teachers, parents, and superintendents, they must be able to develop positive working relationships with them.

Leadership skills. Principals set educational goals and establish policies and procedures for the school. They need to be able to motivate teachers and other staff to achieve set goals.

Problem-solving skills. Teachers, students, and other staff members report problems to the principal. Principals need to be able to analyze problems, and develop and implement appropriate solutions.

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Average Length of Employment
School Principal 4.3 years
School Director 3.7 years
School Supervisor 2.8 years
Top Careers Before School Superintendent
Principal 18.6%
Teacher 12.1%
Instructor 3.1%
Director 2.3%
Associate 2.0%
Top Careers After School Superintendent
Principal 8.5%
Teacher 6.6%
Director 3.3%
Consultant 3.1%
President 2.5%

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Top Skills for A School Superintendent

  1. Curriculum Development
  2. Student Learning
  3. Financial Stability
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Provided the leadership in curriculum development, professional development and technology resulting in significant district-wide improvements in student performance.
  • Created 5-year, $500K strategic pathway to improve education performance and student learning codified in a Master Education Plan.
  • Improved the culture and climate of all elementary schools with the addition of air conditioned teaching and learning work spaces.
  • Established an Office of Student Support and Community Service to increase community outreach.
  • Conducted school district business and activities in accordance with board policies and procedures, and state and federal policies.

School Superintendent Demographics

Gender

Male

63.3%

Female

26.5%

Unknown

10.2%
Ethnicity

White

63.7%

Hispanic or Latino

14.2%

Black or African American

11.4%

Asian

6.7%

Unknown

4.0%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

57.1%

German

7.1%

French

7.1%

Greek

7.1%

Cayuga

7.1%

Dakota

7.1%

Italian

7.1%
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School Superintendent Education

Schools

Nova Southeastern University

15.5%

Harvard University

11.3%

University of Phoenix

8.2%

Texas A&M University

5.2%

Southwestern Oklahoma State University

4.1%

State University of New York Buffalo

4.1%

Indiana State University

4.1%

Michigan State University

4.1%

Teachers College of Columbia University

4.1%

Ball State University

4.1%

Boston College

4.1%

University of Maine

4.1%

Fort Hays State University

4.1%

University of Missouri - Columbia

4.1%

University of South Dakota

3.1%

Ohio University -

3.1%

Fairfield University

3.1%

Texas Tech University

3.1%

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

3.1%

Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania

3.1%
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Majors

Educational Leadership

42.6%

Education

18.0%

Business

9.6%

Curriculum And Instruction

4.4%

Elementary Education

3.9%

School Counseling

2.7%

General Education, Specific Areas

2.7%

Special Education

2.0%

Health Education

1.5%

English

1.5%

Law

1.5%

Pharmacy

1.2%

Counseling Psychology

1.2%

Health Care Administration

1.2%

Nursing

1.0%

Management

1.0%

Biology

1.0%

Criminal Justice

1.0%

Political Science

1.0%

Social Sciences

1.0%
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Degrees

Other

30.3%

Masters

29.7%

Doctorate

19.5%

Bachelors

12.2%

Certificate

4.4%

Associate

3.5%

Diploma

0.4%
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