Scientist Statistics in the US

The average employee age for scientists is 40 years. The scientist workforce reached a whopping 46,999 in 2020!

Among scientists, we discovered that 38.2% of them are women, while 50.3% are men. The most common race/ethnicity among scientists is White, which makes up 53.9% of all scientists. Comparatively, there are 29.5% of the Asian ethnicity and 7.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. The majority of scientists are located in MA, Cambridge and CA, San Diego.

Scientists are more likely to work at public companies in comparison to private companies. Taking it a step further, scientists are more likely to find a job in the pharmaceutical industry. Looking at scientist statistics, we found was that Nevada, California, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Jersey are where scientists find the highest salaries.

From where do we know all information about scientist demographics? We analyzed 14,847 scientists resumes to find out what the average demographics are for the job position. Just to be clear, by demographics we mean the study of population-based factors like age, race, and sex. On top of scouring through resumes, we also took note of job proposals from employers and Census Bureau data. And guess what? We found some pretty interesting information.

Scientist Diversity

From race to gender and even age, we found the average demographic information on those who work as scientists. Keep reading to find out what the results for scientists were.

Scientist Gender Ratio

Among scientists, 38.2% of them are women compared to 50.3% which are men.

Job Title
  • Male, 50.3%
  • Female, 38.2%
  • Unknown, 11.5%

Scientist Ethnic Breakdown

The most common ethnicity among scientists is White, which makes up 53.9% of all scientists. Comparatively, there are 29.5% of the Asian ethnicity and 7.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Job Title
  • White, 53.9%
  • Asian, 29.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 7.9%
  • Black or African American, 5.5%
  • Unknown, 3.0%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.2%

Foreign Languages Spoken By Scientists

The chart below shows that 30.6% of scientists speak Spanish. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is Chinese at 11.8% and French is the third-most popular at 11.1%.

Job Title
  • Spanish, 30.6%
  • Chinese, 11.8%
  • French, 11.1%
  • German, 9.3%
  • Mandarin, 5.7%
  • Other, 31.5%

Scientist Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2008-2018 among scientists.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Scientist Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the scientist position over time.


Scientist Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of scientists changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Age Based On Ethnicity And Gender

We determined the average age of scientists based on ethnicity and gender.


Number Of Years On The Job For Scientist

By looking over 14,847 scientists resumes, we figured out that the average scientist enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 34%.

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Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Scientist Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of scientist employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of scientists is 40+ years old, which represents 46% of the population.

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20-30 years

30-40 years

40+ years

Comparing The Gender Ratio of Scientists with Other Job Titles

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, field agronomist and procurement forester have the biggest difference in gender.

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Job Titleascdesc
Animal Behaviorist22%78%
Public Health Microbiologist25%70%
Collector Of Aquarium Specimens25%70%
Forestry Consultant86%7%
Procurement Forester87%8%
Field Agronomist87%6%
Field Agronomist
Procurement Forester
Forestry Consultant
Collector Of Aquarium Specimens
Public Health Microbiologist
Animal Behaviorist

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Scientists with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to scientists.

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Job Titleascdesc
Planning Assistant11.26%
Aquatic Ecologist18.62%
Field Researcher31.58%
School Psychologist34.48%

How Much Do Women Make Compared To Man As Scientist?

Male Income
Female Income

Scientist Income By Gender And Race/Ethnicity

We found interesting that Black or African American men and Asian men make more money compared to others.

  • Male
  • Female
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino

Scientist Income By Race/Ethnicity And Education

This chart shows the impact that education has on the income level of different ethnicities.

All Race and Ethnicity
Bachelor's Degree$84,231
Master's Degree$89,798
Doctorate Degree$92,465

Scientist Income By Race/Ethnicity And Education

This chart shows the impact that education has on the income level of different ethnicities.

  • Asian
  • Black or African American
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • White
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate Degree

Scientist Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a scientist can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of scientists is $127,004. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Scientists Earn The Most?

The map here shows where scientists earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Scientists Located?

By looking through more than 14,847 resumes, we found that the most popular places for scientists are MA, Cambridge and CA, San Diego.

Number of Scientists

Where Are Scientists In High Demand?

We looked over job openings to determine where in the country scientists are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Scientist Employment Statistics

This section highlights the information we gathered about the types of businesses and industries that employ scientists. We found that the most common company type is public. In addition, the industry that employs the most scientists is the pharmaceutical industry.

What Percentage Of Scientist Jobs Are Remote?

0.4% Remote

Freelance, outsourced or remote workers who spend much of their time working from home.

99.6% On-Site

Some of the vacancies require to stay on-site without possibility of working remotely.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire scientists.

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< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

The Types Of Companies Scientist Work In

Employees with the scientist job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most scientists prefer to work at public companies over private companies.

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Industry Concentration

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ scientists. Those industries include pharmaceutical, health care and manufacturing.

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Health Care


Fortune 500


Scientist Jobs