Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for secretaries in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 1,370,340 secretaries currently employed in the United States.
  • 89.9% of all secretaries are women, while 10.1% are men.
  • The average age of an employed secretary is 50 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of secretaries is White (65.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (16.5%), Black or African American (9.4%) and Unknown (3.9%).
  • Secretaries are most in-demand in New York, NY.
  • The government industry is the highest-paying for secretaries.
  • San Francisco, CA pays an annual average wage of $47,908, the highest in the US.
  • In 2021, women earned 93% of what men earned.
  • 6% of all secretaries are LGBT.
  • Massachusetts is the best state for secretaries to live.
  • Secretaries are 43% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to education companies.

Secretary Statistics By Gender

89.9% of secretaries are women and 10.1% of secretaries are men.

  • Female, 89.9%
  • Male, 10.1%

Secretaries By Gender

GenderPercentages
Female89.9%
Male10.1%

Gender Pay Gap For Secretary

Women Earn 93¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$40,320
female-income
Female Income
$37,349

Secretary Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the secretary position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Secretary Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
20106.14%93.86%
20115.89%94.11%
20126.47%93.53%
20136.35%93.65%
20146.64%93.36%
20157.30%92.70%
20167.22%92.78%
20177.91%92.09%
20188.45%91.55%
20198.85%91.15%
20209.34%90.66%
202110.13%89.87%

Secretary Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, administrative assistant engineering and assistant operator have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Escrow Secretary3%97%
Placement Secretary3%97%
Administrative Assistant/Secretary/Receptionist4%96%
Secretary10%90%
Information Technology Assistant67%33%
Assistant Operator77%23%
Administrative Assistant Engineering78%22%

Secretary Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among secretaries is White, which makes up 65.7% of all secretaries. Comparatively, there are 16.5% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 9.4% of the Black or African American ethnicity.

  • White, 65.7%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 16.5%
  • Black or African American, 9.4%
  • Unknown, 3.9%
  • Asian, 3.9%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.6%

Secretary Race

Secretary RacePercentages
White65.7%
Hispanic or Latino16.5%
Black or African American9.4%
Unknown3.9%
Asian3.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.6%

Secretary Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among secretaries.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Secretary Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201071.38%9.92%3.16%13.43%
201171.19%10.19%3.05%13.41%
201270.88%10.20%3.13%13.50%
201370.93%9.81%3.33%13.68%
201470.60%9.94%3.30%13.98%
201570.06%9.93%3.31%14.45%
201669.36%9.80%3.65%14.79%
201769.43%9.54%3.42%15.20%
201869.47%9.27%3.46%15.50%
201969.94%8.99%3.51%15.28%
202068.11%8.73%3.60%15.09%
202165.65%9.42%3.85%16.47%

Secretary Wage Gap By Race

Asian secretaries have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. White secretaries have the lowest average salary at $39,584.
$43,000
$42,000
$41,000
$40,000
$39,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$39,624
White$39,584
Black or African American$40,078
Asian$42,084
Hispanic or Latino$40,279

Average Age of a Secretary

We determined the average age of secretaries based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Secretary Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American4752
Unknown3649
Asian4347
Hispanic or Latino3845
White4554
American Indian and Alaska Native51

Secretary Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of secretary employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of secretaries is 40+ years old, which represents 78% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Secretary Age

Secretary YearsPercentages
40+ years78%
30-40 years16%
20-30 years6%

Types of Secretary Degree Levels

The most common degree for secretaries is bachelor's degree 38% of secretaries earn that degree. A close second is associate degree with 24% and rounding it off is high school diploma with 23%.

  • Bachelors, 38%
  • Associate, 24%
  • High School Diploma, 23%
  • Diploma, 6%
  • Other Degrees, 9%

Secretaries By Education

Secretary DegreePercentages
Bachelors38%
Associate24%
High School Diploma23%
Diploma6%
Other Degrees9%

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Secretary Wage Gap By Education

Secretaries with a Masters degree earn more than those without, at $43,712 annually. With a Bachelors degree, secretaries earn a median annual income of $41,690 compared to $39,472 for secretaries with an Associate degree.
$44,000
$43,000
$42,000
$41,000
$40,000
$39,000
$38,000
High School Diploma or Less
Master's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$38,862
Master's Degree$43,712
Bachelor's Degree$41,690
Some College/ Associate Degree$39,472

Secretary Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where secretaries work. We found most secretaries work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most secretaries is the education industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire secretaries.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Secretary Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees6%
50 - 100 employees15%
100 - 500 employees15%
500 - 1,000 employees7%
1,000 - 10,000 employees28%
> 10,000 employees29%

The Types Of Companies Secretary Work In

Employees with the secretary job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most secretaries prefer to work at private companies over education companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Secretary Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education27%
Public18%
Private43%
Government12%

Top Industries Hiring Secretaries

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ secretaries. Those industries include education, professional and non profits.

Education

Professional

Non Profits

Fortune 500

Government

Secretary Turnover And Employment Statistics

Secretary Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of secretaries changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Secretary Unemployment Rate By Year

YearSecretary Unemployment Rate
20107.58%
20117.01%
20125.80%
20135.28%
20144.11%
20153.32%
20162.98%
20172.93%
20182.79%
20192.48%
20203.48%
20214.29%

The Average Number of Years That Secretary Stay in a Job

By looking over 212,331 secretaries resumes, we figured out that the average secretary enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 37%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Secretary Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year25%
1-2 years37%
3-4 years14%
5-7 years12%
8-10 years4%
11+ years8%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Secretarys with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to secretaries.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Secretary5.70%-
Credentialing Assistant9.17%49,310
Executive Assistant/Office Manager10.06%119,266
Paralegal/Office Manager14.76%37,871

Secretary LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Credentialing Assistant9.17%49,310
Executive Assistant/Office Manager10.06%119,266
Paralegal/Office Manager14.76%37,871

Foreign Languages Spoken By Secretarys

The most common foreign language among secretaries is Spanish at 62.8%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 8.5% and Chinese is the third-most popular at 3.0%.

  • Spanish, 62.8%
  • French, 8.5%
  • Chinese, 3.0%
  • Mandarin, 2.9%
  • German, 2.7%
  • Other, 20.1%

Secretary Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish62.8%
French8.5%
Chinese3.0%
Mandarin2.9%
German2.7%
Other20.1%

Secretary Jobs

Secretary Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a secretary can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of secretaries is $59,363. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Secretaries Earn The Most?

Secretaries earn the most in California, where the average secretary salary is $46,054. The map here shows where secretaries earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Secretaries In High Demand?

Secretaries are in high demand in New York, NY. There are currently 46 job openings for secretaries here. We looked over job openings to determine where in the country secretaries are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Secretary Demographics FAQs

What Percentage Of Secretaries Are Female?

87.3% of secretaries are female in the United States. This is -0.6 percentage points lower than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female secretaries has decreased by -3.8 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 1,331,071 female secretaries in the U.S. and 193,639 male secretaries in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 1,524,710 people with the specific job title of secretary and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

How Many Secretary Are There In The Us?

There are over 1,370,340 Secretaries in the United States.

What Percentage Of Secretaries Are Black?

9.4% of Secretaries are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Secretaries?

Most a are White, with 65.7% of Secretaries belonging to this ethnicity. 16.5% of Secretaries are Hispanic or Latino, 9.4% of Secretaries are Black or African American, 3.9% of Secretaries are Unknown, 3.9% of Secretaries are Asian, and 0.6% of Secretaries are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Secretary Jobs Male - Dominated?

No, Secretary jobs are not male - dominated. 89% of Secretaries are female, and 10% are male, so there are more female Secretaries than male Secretaries in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Secretary?

The average Secretary is 50 years old. 78% of Secretaries are 40+ years old or older, 16% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 6% are between 20-30 years old

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