Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists are typically required to have a master’s degree and a license to practice.Education
To become a mental health counselor or a marriage and family therapist, applicants typically need a master’s degree in psychology, clinical mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, or a related mental health field. A bachelor’s degree in most fields is acceptable to enter a master’s program.
Counseling programs prepare students to recognize symptoms of mental and emotional disorders and to use effective counseling strategies. Marriage and family therapy programs teach students about how marriages, families, and relationships function and how these relationships can affect mental and emotional disorders.
Many employers prefer to hire counselors who have graduated from programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs.Training
Candidates gain hands-on experience through postdegree supervised clinical work, sometimes referred to as an internship or residency. In training, they learn to provide family therapy, group therapy, psychotherapy, and other therapeutic interventions, under the supervision of a licensed counselor.Licenses
All states require mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists to be licensed in the state in which they practice. Licensure requires a master’s degree and 2,000 to 4,000 hours of postdegree supervised clinical experience, sometimes referred to as an internship or residency. In addition, counselors and therapists must pass a state-recognized exam and complete annual continuing education classes.
Contact information for state boards regulating mental health counselors is available through the National Board for Certified Counselors.
Contact and licensing information for marriage and family therapists is available through the Association of Marital and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards.Important Qualities
Compassion. Counselors and therapists often work with people who are dealing with stressful and difficult situations, so they must be compassionate and empathize with their clients.
Interpersonal skills. Being able to work with different types of people is essential for counselors and therapists. They spend most of their time working directly with clients and other professionals and must be able to encourage good relationships.
Listening skills. Good listening skills are essential for mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists, both of whom need to give their full attention to their clients to understand their problems, values, and goals.
Organizational skills. Good organizational skills are especially important for counselors and therapists in private practice, who must keep track of payments and work with insurance companies.
Speaking skills. Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists need to be able to communicate with clients effectively. They must express ideas and information in a way that clients can understand easily.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Chairman Emeritus and Senior Counsel||Baker & McKenzie PC||Yorkville, IL||Jan 11, 2016||$750,000|
|Senior Counsel, Original Film||Netflix, Inc.||Beverly Hills, CA||Jul 14, 2015||$465,000|
|Senior Counsel||Chevron Corporation||San Ramon, CA||Aug 26, 2013||$307,816|
|Senior Counsel||Chapman and Cutler, LLP||New York, NY||Aug 29, 2016||$280,000|
|Senior Counsel||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Dallas, TX||Aug 16, 2016||$237,000|
|Senior Counsel||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Dallas, TX||Aug 08, 2016||$225,000|
|Senior Counsel, Original Film||Netflix, Inc.||Beverly Hills, CA||Sep 22, 2016||$213,970|
|Senior Counsel||Netflix||Beverly Hills, CA||Apr 26, 2016||$213,970|
|Senior Counsel, Original Film||Netflix, Inc.||Beverly Hills, CA||Nov 06, 2016||$213,970|
|Senior Counsel||Amgen Inc.||Thousand Oaks, CA||Jul 01, 2015||$213,000|
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