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Become A Speech Language Pathologist

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Working As A Speech Language Pathologist

  • Developing Objectives and Strategies
  • Getting Information
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Deal with People

  • Make Decisions

  • $76,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Speech Language Pathologist Do

Speech-language pathologists (sometimes called speech therapists) assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent communication and swallowing disorders in patients. Speech, language, and swallowing disorders result from a variety of causes, such as a stroke, brain injury, hearing loss, developmental delay, Parkinson’s disease, a cleft palate, or autism.

Duties

Speech-language pathologists typically do the following:

  • Evaluate patients’ levels of speech, language, or swallowing difficulty
  • Identify treatment options
  • Create and carry out an individualized treatment plan that addresses patients’ specific functional needs
  • Teach patients how to make sounds and improve their voices
  • Work with patients to develop and strengthen the muscles used to swallow
  • Counsel patients and families on how to cope with communication and swallowing disorders

Speech-language pathologists work with patients who have problems with speech and language, including related cognitive or social communication problems. Their patients may be unable to speak at all, or they may speak with difficulty or have rhythm and fluency problems, such as stuttering. Speech-language pathologists may work with people who are unable to understand language or with those who have voice disorders, such as inappropriate pitch or a harsh voice.

Speech-language pathologists also must complete administrative tasks, including keeping accurate records. They record their initial patient evaluations and diagnoses, track treatment progress, and note any changes in a patient’s condition or treatment plan.

Some speech-language pathologists specialize in working with specific age groups, such as children or the elderly. Others focus on treatment programs for specific communication or swallowing problems, such as those resulting from strokes or a cleft palate.

In medical facilities, speech-language pathologists work with physicians and surgeons, social workers, psychologists, and other healthcare workers. In schools, they work with teachers, other school personnel, and parents to develop and carry out individual or group programs, provide counseling, and support classroom activities. For more information on teachers, see the profiles on preschool teachers, kindergarten and elementary school teachers, middle school teachers, high school teachers, and special education teachers.

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How To Become A Speech Language Pathologist

Speech-language pathologists typically need at least a master’s degree. They must be licensed in most states; requirements vary by state.

Education

Speech-language pathologists typically need at least a master’s degree. Although master’s programs do not require a particular undergraduate degree for admission, certain courses must be taken before entering a program. Required courses vary by institution.

Graduate programs often include courses in speech and language development, age-specific speech disorders, alternative communication methods, and swallowing disorders. These programs also include supervised clinical experience.

The Council on Academic Accreditation (CAA), part of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, accredits education programs in speech-language pathology. Graduation from an accredited program is required for certification and, often, for state licensure.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Almost all states require speech-language pathologists to be licensed. A license requires at least a master’s degree and supervised clinical experience. Many states require graduation from an accredited master’s program to get a license. For specific requirements, contact your state’s medical or health licensure board.

Speech-language pathologists can earn the Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology (CCC-SLP), offered by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Certification satisfies some or all of the requirements for state licensure and may be required by some employers.

Speech-language pathologists who work in schools may need a specific teaching certification. For specific requirements, contact your state’s department of education or the private institution in which you are interested.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Speech-language pathologists must select the most appropriate diagnostic tools and analyze the results to arrive at an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Communication skills. Speech-language pathologists need to communicate test results, diagnoses, and proposed treatments in a way that patients and their families can understand.

Compassion. Speech-language pathologists work with people who are often frustrated by their difficulties. Speech-language pathologists must be able to support emotionally demanding patients and their families.

Critical-thinking skills. Speech-language pathologists must be able to adjust their treatment plans as needed, finding alternative ways to help their patients.

Detail oriented. Speech-language pathologists must take detailed notes on patient progress and treatment.

Listening skills. Speech-language pathologists must listen to a patient’s symptoms and concerns to decide on the appropriate course of treatment.

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Average Length of Employment
Speech Pathologist 7.1 years
Speech Therapist 4.4 years
Graduate Clinician 1.2 years
Student Clinician 1.0 years
Top Careers Before Speech Language Pathologist
Internship 7.5%
Teacher 3.2%
Volunteer 3.1%
Clinician 2.6%
PRN 2.2%
Top Careers After Speech Language Pathologist
PRN 9.2%
Owner 3.4%
Supervisor 3.3%
Director 2.5%
Teacher 2.4%
Therapist 2.3%
Consultant 2.1%

Do you work as a Speech Language Pathologist?

Speech Language Pathologist Demographics

Gender

Female

82.7%

Male

9.9%

Unknown

7.4%
Ethnicity

White

63.4%

Hispanic or Latino

13.7%

Black or African American

11.9%

Asian

7.5%

Unknown

3.5%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

65.2%

French

6.3%

Russian

5.7%

Italian

2.8%

German

2.2%

Portuguese

1.8%

Hindi

1.5%

Mandarin

1.5%

Greek

1.5%

Chinese

1.5%

Japanese

1.5%

Hebrew

1.5%

Polish

1.3%

Arabic

1.3%

Korean

1.2%

Cantonese

1.2%

Dutch

0.7%

Yiddish

0.5%

Urdu

0.5%

Vietnamese

0.3%
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Speech Language Pathologist Education

Schools

Nova Southeastern University

12.0%

University of Central Florida

8.7%

Adelphi University

7.5%

University of South Florida

6.3%

Clarion University of Pennsylvania

5.5%

College of Saint Rose

4.8%

New York University

4.7%

Northeastern University

4.7%

University of Texas at Dallas

4.6%

University of Cincinnati

4.4%

Florida State University

4.1%

Kean University

3.9%

Valdosta State University

3.9%

Saint John's University - New York

3.9%

Eastern Michigan University

3.8%

Ball State University

3.6%

Teachers College of Columbia University

3.4%

University of Pittsburgh -

3.4%

Southern Connecticut State University

3.3%

Hofstra University

3.3%
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Majors

Speech-Language Pathology

45.1%

Communication Disorders Sciences

35.7%

Physiology And Anatomy

5.6%

Special Education

3.8%

Education

2.3%

Public Relations

1.2%

Speech Communication And Rhetoric

1.1%

Educational Leadership

0.7%

Communication

0.6%

Clinical Psychology

0.6%

Elementary Education

0.5%

Psychology

0.5%

Business

0.5%

Rehabilitation Science

0.3%

Counseling Psychology

0.3%

Health Care Administration

0.3%

English

0.2%

Health Sciences And Services

0.2%

Nursing

0.2%

Public Health

0.2%
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Degrees

Masters

84.1%

Bachelors

6.9%

Other

5.0%

Doctorate

2.0%

Certificate

1.4%

Associate

0.4%

License

0.1%

Diploma

0.1%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary
Average Yearly Salary
$76,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$41,000
Min 10%
$76,000
Median 50%
$76,000
Median 50%
$76,000
Median 50%
$76,000
Median 50%
$76,000
Median 50%
$76,000
Median 50%
$76,000
Median 50%
$142,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Altru Health System
Highest Paying City
Chicago, IL
Highest Paying State
North Dakota
Avg Experience Level
6.7 years
How much does a Speech Language Pathologist make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Speech Language Pathologist in the United States is $76,695 per year or $37 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $41,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $142,000.

Real Speech Language Pathologist Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Speech Language Pathologist South Bay Healthcare, Inc. Milpitas, CA Jan 25, 2016 $146,090
Speech Language Pathologist Communication Essentials, LLC Houston, TX Oct 15, 2015 $125,220
Speech Language Pathologist Therapy Mantra, Inc. Baldwin Park, CA Sep 20, 2016 $125,220
Director of Rehab/Licensed Speech Language Pathologist Aegis Therapies, Inc. Fremont, CA Apr 22, 2015 $121,722
Speech-Language Pathologist EBS Healthcare, Inc. New York, NY Sep 09, 2015 $114,785
Speech-Language Pathologists Mediscan Inc. Castroville, CA Aug 18, 2015 $112,698
Speech Language Pathologist Alphavista Services, Inc. San Jose, CA Jul 27, 2015 $112,698
Director of Rehab/Licensed Speech Language Pathologist Aegis Therapies, Inc. Stockton, CA Jul 10, 2015 $111,238
Speech Language Pathologist Progressus Therapy, LLC Los Angeles, CA Oct 15, 2016 $110,152
Speech-Language Pathologist Alphavista Services, Inc. Temple City, CA May 04, 2015 $108,524
Speech Language Pathologist Mytherapycompany, LLC Gardena, CA Jan 17, 2016 $106,437
Speech-Language Pathologist Mytherapycompany Los Angeles, CA Aug 01, 2016 $106,437
Speech Language Pathologist Interface Rehab Inc. Brawley, CA Jan 07, 2016 $106,437
Speech Language Pathologists Mytherapycompany, LLC Los Angeles, CA Jan 17, 2016 $106,437
Speech-Language Pathologist EBS Healthcare, Inc. Pittsburg, CA Mar 04, 2015 $73,880
Speech Language Pathologist Ultimate Care, Inc. Delray Beach, FL Jan 09, 2016 $73,817
Speech Language Pathologist Ultimate Care, Inc. Delray Beach, FL Jan 04, 2016 $73,817
Speech-Language Pathologist EBS Healthcare, Inc. Houston, TX Jan 09, 2016 $73,734
Speech Language Pathologist Bilinguals Inc. Hillsdale, NY Feb 25, 2016 $73,715
Speech Language Pathologist Bilinguals Inc. Hillsdale, NY Oct 06, 2016 $73,715
Speech Language Pathologist Bilinguals Inc. Hillsdale, NY Oct 14, 2015 $73,715
Speech Language Pathologist Bilinguals Inc. Hillsdale, NY Oct 15, 2015 $73,715
Speech-Language Pathologist Montefiore Medical Center New York, NY Nov 23, 2015 $65,813
Speech-Language Pathologist 360 Degree Customer Inc. Sonora, CA Apr 13, 2015 $65,730
Associate-Speech Language Pathologist Bilinguals Inc. Hillsdale, NY Nov 28, 2016 $65,615
Rpe/Cfy-Speech Language Pathologist Pristine Rehab Care, LLC Courtland, CA Jan 12, 2015 $65,541
Rpe/Cfy-Speech Language Pathologist Pristine Rehab Care, LLC Clarksburg, CA Jan 12, 2015 $65,541
Rpe/Cfy-Speech Language Pathologist Pristine Rehab Care, LLC Ontario, CA Feb 17, 2015 $65,541
Speech-Language Pathologist Mount Sinai Rehabilitation Hospital, Inc. Hartford, CT Jul 12, 2015 $65,427 -
$111,237

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Top Skills for A Speech Language Pathologist

  1. Language
  2. Occupational Therapists
  3. Dysphagia
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Provided unsupervised therapy in articulation, language comprehension, expression, fluency, cognitive and pragmatic skills.
  • Collaborated with other agencies such as Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists and Psychologists in order to provide a complete rehabilitative approach.
  • Provided intervention for individuals with dysphagia/feeding disorders, speech generating devices, behavior difficulties, and various speech and language disorders.
  • Communicated with parents regarding upcoming speech-only meetings and prepared necessary paperwork; facilitated the speech-only IEP meetings.
  • Performed evaluations, developed treatment plans, participated in team conferences, developed interdisciplinary plan of care and family meeting participation.

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Top 10 Best States for Speech Language Pathologists

  1. Arizona
  2. Michigan
  3. Illinois
  4. Alaska
  5. Maryland
  6. Nevada
  7. Virginia
  8. North Carolina
  9. Tennessee
  10. Texas
  • (303 jobs)
  • (531 jobs)
  • (882 jobs)
  • (55 jobs)
  • (272 jobs)
  • (102 jobs)
  • (375 jobs)
  • (227 jobs)
  • (175 jobs)
  • (698 jobs)

Top Speech Language Pathologist Employers

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